At breakfast, he will be there. At the school lunch, he will be there. When you want to eat something different at home, he will be there too. How present is rice in the lives of Japanese people? In this article, we are going to talk exactly about Japanese gohan rice (ご飯), that rice that is loose and whole but sticky at the same time. That succulent rice grown straight from the rice plantations in japan.
History and facts about Japanese rice
Rice has been cultivated in Japan for over 3,000 years. To grow it, you need cool weather and enriched soil.
As most of the Japanese territory is made up of mountains and steep terrain, the Japanese grow rice in Tanadas (棚田), which are terraces made on Japanese slopes by hand. Just like the place, its cultivation is traditional and mostly done by elderly labor, as the younger Japanese are focused on urban life.
Rice in the Kamakura Period (12th century) was once used as currency.
Rice is used on special occasions as well as offerings to gods and deceased loved ones. Some Japanese believe that there are gods inside every grain of rice. There is a god of rice, called Inari, who is also the god of foxes and fertilization.
Types of Japanese Rice
In Japan, there are two main grades of rice that are most commonly used. The uruchimai (粳米), which is known as Japanese rice, is the most used. Its grain is translucent and short. After it is cooked, it stays together, making it easier to pick up with your fingers. chopsticks.
Mochigome rice (もち米), known as Glutinous Rice, is short and opaque. Once cooked, it becomes even more binding, stickier, firmer. This is used to make mochi, or recipes that need more alloy, like sekihan. O mochigome It's so sticky that experts found it in the cement used to build the Great Wall of China! Of course, there are many other types of rice used in Japan that we won't mention in this article.
japanese rice recipe
This is the Japanese rice recipe used to eat plain in a bowl or make Onigiri. It's a very free recipe, you determine how much you will use. Just remember to always use double the amount of water for the amount of rice.
- Japanese rice - 500g
- Water- 1 Liter;
How to make:
- 1. Wash the rice, running your hand between the grains gently, so as not to break it;
- 2. Wash 3 times, or until the water is as clear as possible. drain;
- 3. Place in a bowl and add the water that will be used for cooking (in the case of this preparation, 1 liter);
- 4. Let it rest for at least 30 minutes, being able to rest from one day to the next;
- 5. Put the water and rice together in a pan. Important tip: the water must be 2 fingers above the rice. If the amount you are using is small, add more water. But if the water you put exceeds 2 fingers, do not remove the water);
- 6. Start by placing the pan without a lid on high heat until it starts to boil;
- 7. Lower the heat, place a dish towel and the lid;
- 8. Cook for at least 5 minutes and watch your rice. Cooking time depends on how long you soaked in water. The longer soaking time, the less cooking time;
- 9. Turn off the heat. Wait 10 minutes and transfer to a container. Be gentle with rice, it breaks easily;
Ready! Now just enjoy! What did you think of the post? Do you like Gohan? Do you have a follow-up suggestion? Would you like to see what kind of recipes here on the site?