Rice production in Japan is one of the most important in the country, rice is a vital part of the Japanese diet, even in the Breakfast. Until recently, Japan produced more than 4.63 million hectares, but this is decreasing because most farmers are over 65 years old.
But rice is still widely cultivated in Japan. Rice paddies occupy much of the interior, floodplains, slopes, wetlands, coastal bays and even cities. Japan is among the 10 largest producers in the world, producing up to 10 million tonnes per year.
How is rice grown in Japan?
Rice has been cultivated in Japan for more than 3,000 years. In the Edo period, production was a measure of wealth for a man. Currently there are 1.8 million families that grow rice in Japan. Hokkaido is the region that produces the most in the whole country.
In order to be successfully grown, the cereal needs plenty of water to maintain the ambient temperature within adequate intervals, so in Japan it is grown in terraces or small fields filled with water that keeps on moving. The grain is harvested when it is golden and dry and when the water has been completely drained by the plant and the soil.
The purpose of the article is to talk just a little bit about the plantation or cereal. Grain is a very broad subject, with which it is possible to make flour, mochi, onigiri, sushi, drinks like sake and several other things. Most of the recipes on the Japanese menu, need this famous grain.
The rice fields
The Hani of southern Japan avoid making noise when they are in the fields, because they believe that the spirits of the rice fields are easily frightened and, when they run away, they can cause the infertility of the land. Since the days of ancient Japan, throwing rice at newlyweds has been an act of vows of abundance for the new couple; this custom later passed to the West, being today very common in Portugal. (Source: wikipedia)
The fields are beautiful, and give a certain charm to the city and the countryside. The video of our friend Santana shows a little of the rice production and the beautiful fields, from the beginning to the harvest: