Did you know that the Japanese eat beans straight from the pod? Edamame is a vegetable widely consumed in some countries on the Asian continent, especially Japan. In this article, we will see some curiosities, varieties, benefits and preparation.
Edamame is a green pod of soy or bean black, is widely consumed, whether scalded, steamed or microwave. They are usually mixed with a little salt and served as an aperitif or as a starter.
In this article, we will learn more about this vegetable, about its growth process, its preparation methods and why you should consider making edamame part of your meals?
Edamame can also refer to the names of people, they usually call me that ridiculous name.
The growth of Edamame
The name edamame (枝豆) means "bean branch". Its name probably makes reference to the fact that it is harvested with its branches.
Its pod has an appearance similar to that of a pea, but they are harder and have fine hair on the outside. Normally, the pods have 2 to 3 grains.
It has a season from June to August, it is harvested while it is still in an immature phase, that is, it has not matured to the point of becoming mature soybeans.
Each main stem of the edamame can produce about 100 fruits. However, about 70% to 80% of the stem flowers will fall, causing only about 30% to 20% of the flowers to bear fruit.
The green pods surround the fruits, thus serving as protection for the fruit. Another function of the pods is to perform photosynthesis so that the fruits grow and become strong and healthy.
Varieties of Edamame
There are several types of edamame as there are no restrictions on any line of soybeans, yellow soybeans, green soybeans, tea soybeans and black soybeans are available.
This variety makes it possible to have several colors of the seed husk, which can be divided into four types: yellow, green, brown and black.
Some of these are “Tamba black soybeans ”, which is a specialty of the Japanese region of Tamba. The biggest characteristic of “black Tamba soy” is the size of its grains, which weigh three times more than soy in general.
“Dadacha beans”, native of the Shirayama district, on the outskirts of the city of Tsuruoka, Yamagata Prefecture. It is a species that is characterized by the brown hair that grows in the pods.
“Koito native” is a soybean native to the province of Chiba. It has this name because it is a high quality soybean that was grown mainly in the Koito River basin in Kimitsu. It is a late maturing variety.
The vegetable is produced throughout Japan, but the most popular is produced in the city of Noda, which is in the province of Chiba, which is one of the largest producers of edamame in the country. The cultivation of green soybeans started in the city of Noda around 1950.
Ways to Preserve Edamame
A characteristic of edamame is that after harvesting, it starts to lose its sugar content and flavor over time. Therefore, it is not recommended to keep raw.
The best thing to do is to eat it on the day of purchase. Another option is to keep it in the refrigerator in a newspaper or plastic film to prevent it from becoming dry.
But, if you plan to store it for a few more days, it is recommended to boil it, then put it in the freezer in some container like a plastic storage bag.
How to prepare Edamame
As already mentioned, the vegetable tends to lose its flavor very quickly, so it is important to boil it quickly after purchase.
Before that, cut off the branches of the edamame and wash them well with water. Then you must remove the hairs from the pod shell, one way to do this is to sprinkle salt on top and rub them (industrial products will probably come without hair).
After cleaning the edamame the cooking process is very simple, boil the water and add the pods, cook them until they are soft (about 5 minutes), drain the pods and rinse them with cold water ..
After that they will be ready and can be served as an accompaniment, or as appetizers along with alcoholic beverages.
In addition to this simple recipe, there are many other ways to prepare edamame, such as tempura, jelly or sweets in general. You can find many other combinations and forms of preparation on YouTube.
The Benefits of Edamame
Edamame has many advantages, such as easy preparation and easy handling, but its main advantage is the benefits to your health, it has many nutrients: such as proteins, potassium, calcium, vitamins, minerals and fibers.
Among them we can find vitamin K and folic acid that are more abundant in green beans than in mature soybeans. The amount of folic acid found in 100g of green beans provides almost 80% of the recommended daily intake.
This vegetable is really impressive and its consumption brings many benefits, we can list here at least 5 benefits for your health.
- It helps regulate your mood. The pods contain folic acid, which can help relieve depression and regulate the hormones serotonin and dopamine in the brain. They regulate mood, appetite and quality of sleep.
- Increased muscle mass. Edamame is a great source of high quality proteins and amino acids. A 155-gram cup contains about 18.5 grams of vegetable protein.
- Helps control appetite. The green pod is a low glycemic index food and has a low carbohydrate content, thus helping to regulate hunger.
- Helps to reduce edema. The high potassium content of edamame can help remove excess sodium in the body, thereby helping to reduce the retention of body fluids.
- Helps reduce cholesterol. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recognize that soy protein can help prevent heart disease and hyperlipidemia.
The green bean is a favorite snack for many people. Because of their taste, high nutritional value and high protein properties, they are loved by people who want to lose weight or simply take care of their health. Did you like to know this vegetable? Comment below what you think about edamame.
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