Japanese is a very interesting language full of formalities, dialects and different ways of expressing yourself. So it's easy to imagine that arigato dome it is not the only way to thank a person.
In this article we will learn more than 72 different ways to thank in Japanese, in addition to the deep and traditional meaning of doumo arigato gozaimasu [どうもありがとうございます].
Dome arigato in japanese it is written doumou arigatou [どうもありがとう], but writing arigato dome is not wrong, it's just a different kind of romanization. This version is closer to pronunciation.
I feel uncomfortable writing arigato dome in this article, being that I'm used to writing doumo arigatou and I think it is much more correct, but people tend to google it for arigato dome, which comes close to pronunciation.
The meaning of Domo Arigato Gozaimasu
We have already written an article dome meaning. In short, it can mean no matter how, anyway, in all cases, for some reason and things like that. In case of arigato dome, the adverb doumo it is used to express humility, and to convey an idea of a lot or a lot.
The word arigatou comes from the adjective arigatai [有難い] which means grateful, gratitude or esteem, and which gave rise to adverbial conjugation arigataku [有り難く]. In reality the origin is much more complex and follows the following order:
ari + katashi → arigatashi → arigataku → arigatau → arigatō
Formerly the adjective arigatai was arigatashi, the junction of the words ari (aru infinitive, verb to be) and the adjective Katashi [難し] which means difficult. Originally it means difficult to be, it is rare, it is special or something worthy of being grateful.
O gozaimasu [ございます] who most often accompanies the arigato dome it's just an educated version of desu [です] and can be combined in the past with arigatou gozaimashita [ありがとうございました]. Its origin comes from the keigo sourou and enjoyed.
In short, apparently arigato dome it gives the idea of an invaluable gratitude, as if it were difficult to exist something that could reward you for the deed, or difficult to exist someone like the grateful person. Very different from the thank you in Portuguese, which seems that the person was forced to do something (lol).
As already mentioned in another article, the doumo [どうも] can mean thanks, quite a lot, really, mainly, somehow, although, no matter how difficult and also a greeting like Hello and goodbye.
Dome it can be used as a compliment, which gives a sense of appreciation. It is something you often hear when entering or leaving an establishment. Hai Domo is often used for presentations and means Hello everyone! Hai domo even turned into a meme on the internet because of Kizuna Ai.
Gozaimasu vs Gozaimashita
Speak only arigatou [ありがとう] is an informal way of thanking you. In case you are thanking someone unknown, it is best to use the respectful way arigatou gozaimasu [ありがとうございます] at present or arigatou gozaimashita [ありがとうございました] in the past. But how do you know when to use each one?
We can use arigatou gozaimasu when we are thanking you for something that is going to happen or is happening. The arigatou gozaimashita for something that has happened in the past or has just happened.
There are no specific time rules for using each one, sometimes you go into a store and I’ve heard arigatou gozaimashita, you must be confused, but the store owner is thanking you for entering the store and not for the purchase you are going to make. In the same way, it's okay to say arigatou gozaimasu after purchase but the right to use gozaimashita.
It’s not just the gozaimasu that is needed in a formal thanks. We usually use Doumo arigatou gozaimasu [どうもありがとうございます] to thank a person for whom we want to show a lot of respect.
Sometimes it is normal for people to use only the doumo hiding the “arigatou gozaimasu”, but this should only be used among friends, because it can be rude or mistaken for a greeting.
When we want to thank you wholeheartedly, or we want to express “Thank you very much” or “I'm really grateful” we can use the word hontouni [本当に] before, which means really and truly.
When someone thanks you, you can respond by saying I give itashimashite [どう致しまして] which means nothing, in no way or pleasure is mine. You can also say “iie”That gives the impression of“ it was nothing ”or“ it doesn't have to ”, but it should be used informally according to the occasion, since it also means not.
Summing up the Domo Arigato Gozaimasu
Just with those 3 words we already have 10 different ways to thank you:
- Hontou ni arigatou gozaimasu
- Doumo arigatou gozaimasu
- Arigatou gozaimasu
- Hontou ni arigatou
- Arigatou gozaimashita
- Doumo arigatou gozaimashita
- Hontou ni arigatou gozaimashita
- Verbs in the form T + kurete arigato
O kurete arigatou [くれてありがとう] lets you say thanks using a verb. As an example we can use tetsudatte kurete arigatou [手伝ってくれてありがとう] which means thanks for me to help [手伝う].
O kurete [くれて] is like a “per"Or thank you"per“, Since the kurete indicates the donor, the one who does something for you. You can further formalize the sentence using the gozaimasu [ございます].
You can use a noun + arigato to thank for things. If someone sends a message you can say messegi arigatou [メッセージありがとう] and things like that.
Different Ways to Say Thank You in Japanese
There are thousands of ways to say thank you in the Japanese language, many alternatives to arigatou gozaimasu. Below are some of these ways:
Otsukaresama and Gokurosama - Thanking you for your work
In Work we use the expression otsukaresama deshita [お疲れ様でした] which means thanks for your work. Used to thank you for your effort or work.
Another way is using the expression Goukurosama [ご苦労様] which also means thanks for your hard work.
Sumimasen and Moushiwakenai - Apologizing
Moushiwakenai [申し訳ない] - It means I'm sorry, but you can pass on the idea of a thank you for doing a certain thing.
Thanking you on specific occasions
Okagesamade [お陰様で] - Used to ask how we are doing. You can give an idea of thanks, as a thank you to God or thanks to you.
Kekkou [結構] indicates that it is enough, that you don't need it anymore. It can summarize a thank you, equivalent to the thanks we use when rejecting something. It can also indicate that something was wonderful and delicious.
Omataseshimashita [お待たせしました] Thanks for waiting, sorry for the delay;
Daijoubu [大丈夫] means okay, don't worry, but it can be a “no thank you“, Used to reject something.
Kanshashimasu [感謝します] a word that indicates gratitude and appreciation.
Gochisousamadeshita [御馳走様でした] - Used to thank you for food after meals.
Itadakimasu [いただきます] - Used before meals to thank you for the food.
Thank in Japanese over the Internet
In addition to the traditional sankyu, on the internet young people usually write abbreviated and varied forms of arigatou which are:
- 39 - Representation of sankyu;
Archaic Thanks in Japanese
katajikenai (忝い) - An old way of thanking that literally means grateful, a heartfelt thank you.
Osore irimasu [おそれいります] - A form rarely used today, but it is used to thank customers. You can also highlight your incompetence and give thanks for some teaching.
Thank you in Japanese derived from other languages
Some Japanese foreigners or who have spent time abroad may end up using some slang or ways of thanking derived from other languages. See below:
- Sankyu [サンキュ] - Do English Thank You;
- Merushii [メルシー] - From the French Merci;
- Gurache [グラチェ] - From Italian Grazie;
Thanks in Different Dialects of Japanese
Other ways to say thank you in Japanese vary by region and province. Remember that most of these ways are informal. Below we will leave a list of expressions used in each province:
|Ehime, Shimane, Tottori||Dandan||だんだん|
|Fukui, Toyama, Ishikawa||Kinodokuna||気の毒な|
|Tokyo, Kanagawa, Tokushima and others.||Arigatou||ありがとう|
Videos about Arigatou Gozaimasu
I hope you enjoyed this article by talking deeply about the meaning of arigato dome and presenting 72 different ways to say thank you in Japanese. If you liked it, share and leave your comments. 本当にありがとうございます!
To finish the article we will leave some complementary videos: