Japanese culture is ancient and full of superstitions of luck and bad luck. Historically it was believed that everything could be influenced for good and evil with the help of amulets, actions, numbers and other things related to luck. Another interesting factor is the kanji or ideograms Japanese language that can express different ideas and meanings. This resulted in a language full of words for luck, each for a specific occasion. In this article we will learn several ways to speak luck in Japanese.
It is interesting to analyze the words related to luck, because we can see that they have links to several other words that are or are not linked literally with luck and bad luck. Words like happiness, security, prosperity, etc. This article is very interesting especially for those who are learning Japanese or for those who wish to quench their curiosity.
Fuku - 福 - Luck in Japanese
Fuku is a noun that means good luck and also an ideogram (福) that means blessing, fortune, luck and wealth. Your kanji is used in dozens of words that describe happiness or things related to luck. For example, a Fukubukuro it is a “lucky bag” traditionally sold in the Japanese New Year, containing mysterious items.
See some words derived and written with kanji from fuku below:
- 福祉 - fukushi - well-being, insurance;
- 福音 - fukuin - good news, gospel, good news;
- 福岡 - fukuoka - (Name of a city);
- 福引 - fukubiki - lottery;
- 福寿 - fukujyu - long life, happiness;
- 福徳 - fukutoku - fortune, happiness and prosperity;
Engimono - 縁起物 - Lucky charm
Engimono means "lucky charm or talisman". It is a generic term to describe anything or object that is considered lucky, like a daruma doll. This word can cover several things like food, bags, dolls, fruits, flowers, incense, music, etc. Anything that can bring good luck can be called decoy or literally lucky things.
Ungaii - 運がいい - Adjective
Ungaii is an adjective to describe something or someone who is lucky. Its ideogram (運 - un) means fortune, luck, destiny, advancement, progress and is also used in words related to luck.
- 運命 - unmei - destiny;
- 運良く - unyoku - fortunately;
- 運勢 - unsei - fortune, luck;
Tsuiteru - 付いてる - Verb
Tsuiteru is a verb that is used to describe the state of being lucky. The negative form of the verb, tsuitenai which also means bad luck and not out of luck. The verb also means to be attached, to have, to be included, to contain and to be in a state.
Rakkii - ラッキー - Luck
Rakki is luck derived from the word luck of the English language. This is used from time to time in Japan. If you say luck in English, many will understand.
Yatta - やった - How lucky!
Yatta means "Aeee!" It is commonly used to express a sudden feeling of happiness. For example, if you win the lottery, you can say yatta! One of its possible translations is luck!
To finish the article we will leave other words that mean luck in Japanese and some related articles. Some of them are:
- 吉 - kichi - Another word is kanji which means good luck or good fortune
- 幸せ - shiawase - It means happiness, but the idea of luck on some occasions;
- 不運 - fuun - It means bad luck;
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