Japanese culture is ancient and full of superstitions of luck and bad luck. Historically it was believed that everything could be influenced for good and evil with the help of amulets, actions, numbers and other things related to luck. Another interesting factor is the kanji or ideograms of the Japanese language that can express different ideas and meanings. This resulted in a language full of words for luck, each for a particular occasion. In this article, we are going to learn different ways to say luck in Japanese.
It is interesting to analyze the words related to luck, because we can see that they have links to several other words that are or are not literally linked with luck and misfortune. Words like happiness, security, prosperity, etc. This article is very interesting especially for those who are learning Japanese or for those who want to satisfy their curiosity.
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Fuku – 福 – Luck in Japanese
Fuku is a noun meaning good luck and also an ideogram (福) meaning blessing, fortune, luck and wealth. Its kanji is used in dozens of words that describe happiness or luck-related things. For example, a Fukubukuro is a “lucky bag” traditionally sold on Japanese New Year, containing mysterious items.
Read too: Fukubukuro – Lucky Bags
See some words derived and written with fuku kanji below:
- 福祉 – fukushi – well-being, safe;
- 福音 – fukuin – good news, gospel, good news;
- 福岡 – fukuoka – (Name of a city);
- 福引 – fukubiki – lottery;
- 福寿 – fukujyu – long life, happiness;
- 福徳 – fukutoku – fortune, happiness and prosperity;
Engimono – 縁起物 – Lucky Charm
Engimono means "lucky charm or talisman". It is a generic term to describe anything or object that is considered lucky, such as a Daruma doll. This word can encompass various things like food, bags, dolls, fruits, flowers, incense, music, etc. Anything that can bring good luck can be called Engimono or literally lucky things.
Ungaii – 運がいい – Adjective
Ungaii is an adjective to describe something or someone who is lucky. Its character (運 – un) means fortune, luck, destiny, advancement, progress and is also used in words related to luck.
- 運命 – unmei – fate;
- 運良く – unyoku – fortunately;
- 運勢 – unsei – fortune, luck;
Tsuiteru – 付いてる – Verb
Tsuiteru is a verb used to describe the state of being lucky. The negative form of the verb, Tsuitena means unlucky or unlucky. The verb also means to be attached, to have, to be included, to contain, and to be in a state.
Rakkii – ラッキー – Luck
Rakki is luck derived from the word “Luck” in the English language. This is occasionally used in Japan. If you say luck in English, many will understand.
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Yatta – やった – How lucky!
Yatta means "Aeee!" It is commonly used to express a sudden feeling of happiness. For example, if you win the lottery, you can say yatta! One of its possible translations is luck!
Other ways to say Luck in Japanese
To finish the article we will leave other words that mean luck in Japanese and some related articles. Some of them are:
- 吉 – kichi – Another word and kanji meaning good luck or good fortune
- 幸せ – shiawase – It means happiness, but from the idea of luck on some occasions;
- 不運 – fuun – Means bad luck;