I think most people are familiar with manga, but have you heard about manhwa and manhua? In this article, we are going to talk a little about these comics of Chinese and Korean origin and their differences with the japanese manga.
The famous stories of the east intrigue thousands and thousands of readers in the west. Taken by the fanciful plot of Korean, Chinese and Japanese narratives, comic books from the other side of the world are certainly successful in the Americas and Europe.
As manga is the most popular among Asian comics, few people are aware of the Korean and Chinese variations known as manhwa and manhua. Today you will finally meet and know your differences!
What are Manhwa? korean comics
The first of item on our list is the manhwa. Of Korean origin, the term literally means comic. They are often marketed as sleeves.
You manhwa differ from the traditional Japanese style and come closer to western comics. Its reading is from left to right and its creators are called manhwaga.
Adaptations in animated versions of the morning. As animated films are more popular than series and live-actions. an example of live action that yielded good results was the film Priest (2011). An adaptation of manhwa in Hyung Min-Woodo.
A curiosity is the difference between the morning North Koreans and South Koreans. Due to the socialist government, the works of the manhwagas they are always exalting the homeland and the love of the nation. Whereas South Korean works are totally free of political concepts.
What are manhua? Chinese comics
already the manhua are of Chinese origin and their literal translation means “irresponsible drawings”. Its first appearance was in the XVIII through the artistic works of the painters of the time.
we can't talk about manhuas not to mention the work of the 80s that was a pioneer in the market: Chinese Hero: Tales of the Blood Sword. The author Ma Wing-Shing brought the Japanese influence to his realistic, innovative and detailed designs.
However, in 1954, with the opening of the culture of Hong Kong, there was a great American influence - coming from the cartoons of Walt Disney - at the manhua in little angeli (1954).
An interesting point of manhua is that it has local influence. Some authors use the standard Japanese reading, starting backwards with dialogues from right to left. Others take advantage of the western way.
What caused some changes in the manhua it was the Chinese communist government. Several times, they changed the writing pattern. At one time, they adopted horizontal writing, as in the West. In the other, they used the most conventional writing of countries that use ideograms, vertical writing.
In addition to Chinese Mangos, you know the Chinese Light Novels?
What are manga and what are the differences with MANHUA and MANHWA?
Finally, the sleeves are the best known by the fanatic public for the culture of the East. The term is, once again, a reference to the "comics”, or"comics".
With the largest audience among the three, manga has its own publishing styles. There are the famous shonen, which is the style of manga aimed at young male audiences.shoujo are aimed at the young female audience and Josei to the female adult audience. In contrast, the seinen is rated for adult men.
As the Japanese have a culture of books and reading more fertile than other countries, there is also the manga style. Kodomo, aimed at children. Therefore, from a young age, boys and girls are influenced to the habit of reading.
The manga's reading pattern follows the model: reading backwards, with dialogues organized from right to left.
An important point to be highlighted is that the overwhelming majority of anime arises due to the eminent success of its manga. There are several productions that followed the model. Among them, we can mention the most famous: one piece, Dragon Ball, Naruto, death note, Fullmetal Alchemist, Bleach and so on…
While for Westerners the word mango have the meaning of "japanese comics” – strictly For the Japanese is just a designation for comic books. It is also a cognate of the other words presented here: manhwa and manhua.
Disney had a great influence on Japanese comics after World War II. If you want to understand a little about the history of manga, I recommend reading our article talking about Osamu Tezuka, considered the God of Manga.