I think most people know mangas, but have you heard about manhwa and manhua? In this article, we will talk a little about these comics of Chinese and Korean origin and their differences with Japanese manga.
The famous stories of the East intrigue thousands and thousands of readers from the West. Taken by the fanciful plot of Korean, Chinese and Japanese narratives, comics on the other side of the world are certainly successful in the Americas and Europe.
As the manga is the most popular among Asian comics, few people know the variations of Korea and China known as manhwa and manhua. Today you will finally know and know your differences!
WHAT ARE Manhwa? Korean Comics
The first item on our list is the manhwa. Of Korean origin, the term literally means comic. They are often marketed as sleeves.
The manhwa differ from the traditional Japanese style and are closer to Western comics. Its reading is from left to right and its creators are called manhwaga.
Adaptations in animated versions of morning. Since animated films are more popular than series and live-actions. An example of live-action that produced good results was the film Priest (2011). An adaptation of manhwa in Hyung Min-Woodo.
A curiosity is the difference between morning North Koreans and South Koreans. Due to the socialist government, the works of manhwagas they are always extolling their homeland and their love for the nation. While South Korean works are completely free from political concepts.
What are manhua? Chinese Comics
The manhua are of Chinese origin and their literal translation means “irresponsible designs”. Its first appearance was in the century XVIII through the artistic works of the painters of the time.
We can't talk about morning not to mention the work of the 80s that was the pioneer in the market: Chinese Hero: Tales of the Blood Sword. The author Ma Wing-Shing brought Japanese influence to his realistic, innovative and detailed designs.
However, in 1954, with the opening of a culture of Hong Kong, there was great American influence - from the cartoons of Walt Disney - at the manhua in Little Angeli (1954).
An interesting point of manhua is that it has local influence. Some authors use the Japanese reading pattern, starting backwards with dialogues from right to left. Others enjoy the Western way.
What caused some changes in manhua it was the Chinese communist government. Several times, they changed the writing pattern. At one time, they adopted horizontal writing, just like in the West. In the other, they used more conventional writing from countries that use ideograms, vertical writing.
In addition to Chinese mangoes, you know the Chinese Light Novels?
What are manga and what are the differences with MANHUA and MANHWA?
Finally, sleeves they are the best known by the fanatic public for the culture of the east. The term is, again, a reference to "comics”, Or"comics".
With a larger audience among the three, the manga has its own publishing styles. There are the famous shonen, which is the manga style aimed at young male audiences.Shoujo are aimed at young female audiences and Josei to the adult female audience. In contrast, O seinen is classified for adult men.
As the Japanese have a culture for books and more fertile reading than other countries, there is also the manga style Kodomo, facing children. Therefore, from an early age, boys and girls are influenced by the habit of reading.
The manga reading pattern follows the model: reading backwards, with dialogues organized from right to left.
An important point to be emphasized is that the overwhelming majority of anime arises due to the eminent success of its manga. There are several productions that followed the model. Among them, we can mention the most famous: One Piece, Dragon Ball, Naruto, Death Note, Fullmetal Alchemist, Bleach and so on ...
While for Westerners the word mango has the meaning of “japanese comics”- strictly for the Japanese it is just a designation for comic books. It is also a cognate of the other words presented here: manhwa and manhua.
Disney had a major influence on Japanese comics after World War II. If you want to understand a little about the history of mangoes, I recommend reading our article talking about Osamu Tezuka, considered the God of Manga.