Name of the planets in Japanese

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Hello friends of Suki Desu, in this article we will learn the names of the planets and some expressions in the Japanese language. You will see how ideograms give a rich understanding of the universe in Japanese. Like the days of the week, the universe in Japanese is composed of the ideograms of the elements of nature.

Most planets are initially written with an element or kanji that defines the planet and its chemical composition, accompanied by the star kanji (星) that can indicate a planet as well.

It makes perfect sense since stars are just planets, and are sometimes bigger than the sun itself. Even “wakusei” (惑星) in Japanese literally means false star.

Name of the planets in japanese - galaxia espaco estrelas 1

Name of the Planets in Japanese

The table below will help you understand every detail of the Universe, our solar system and the planets:

(The last column indicates: Meaning, observation or literally)

EnglishJapaneseRomajiOthers
Planet惑星Wakusei星 = Estrela 惑 = Ilusão, Engano
Solar system太陽系Taiyoukei系 = Linha
Sun太陽TaiyōTambém representado por 日
MoonTsukiPode significa mês
MoonムーンMūnVersão americanizada
Moonlight月光GekkōLuz da Lua
Mercury水星SuiseiEstrela d’água
Venus金星KinseiEstrela de ouro
Earth地球Chikyū地 – Terra 球 – Esfera
Mars火星KaseiEstrela de fogo
Jupiter木星MokuseiEstrela de madeira
Saturn土星DoseiEstrela de terra (solo)
Uranus天王星Ten’nōseiEstrela rei dos céus
Neptune海王星KaiōseiRei dos mares
Pluto冥王星Meiōsei冥 = Obscuro, sombrio

It is interesting to note that the names of the planets in Japanese are not realistic, Saturn is a gaseous planet, how did it get its name from the Earth’s star? Mars despite being red is very cold.

The names of the planets are related to Roman mythology. The last planets, king of the heavens, king of the seas and the dark king is further proof of this.

Talking about Space in Japanese

Now let’s go deeper and learn some words related to the Universe:

EnglishJapaneseRomajiOthers
Galaxy銀河系GingakeiRio de prata (系 – sistema)
asteroid小惑星ShōwakuseiPequeno Planeta
Universe宇宙Uchuu
atmosphere大気TaikiGrande Cuidado
eclipseShoku月食 ou 日食
meteor流星RyūseiOu estrela cadente
extraterrestrial宇宙人UchuujinPessoa do espaço
gravity重力JūryokuPoder de peso, peso forte
Astronaut宇宙飛行士Uchū hikō-shiAviador do Universo
Constellation星座Seiza
Satellite ntaural衛星Eisei
The Milky Way天の川AmanogawaRio dos céus
Orbit軌道Kidou

The Japanese language is really interesting, all words can be understood in a simple and literal way, we do not need to take a dictionary to know what that word means, because in writing we understand perfectly what it means. That is the importance and wealth of Kanji.

Japanese Sentences about space

My father has traveled in space
父は宇宙へ行ったことがある。
Chichi wa uchū e itta koto ga aru.
The moon surrounds the earth.
月は地球の回りを回転している。
Tsuki wa chikyū no mawari o kaiten shite iru.
The Sun has nine planets.
太陽は9つの惑星を持つ。
Taiyō wa kokonotsu no wakusei o motsu.
What language will extraterrestrials speak?
宇宙人は言語がなんだろうか。
Uchūbito wa gengo ga nandarou ka.
We all live on Earth.
 私たちはみんな地球に住んでいる。
 Watashitachi wa min'na chikyū ni sunde iru.
Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.
木星は、太陽系最大の惑星である。
Mokusei wa, taiyōkei saidai no wakuseidearu. 
Mercury is the planet closest to the sun.
水星は太陽に一番近い惑星です。
Suisei wa taiyō ni ichiban chikai wakuseidesu.
Neptune is the eighth planet in the solar system.
 海王星は太陽系の8番目の惑星だ。
 Kaiōsei wa taiyōkei no 8-banme no wakuseida.
The Earth is not a star, but a planet.
 地球は恒星ではなくて惑星です。
 Chikyū wa kōseide wanakute wakuseidesu.
Long ago, when Pluto was still a planet, there was a boy named Tom.
昔々、冥王星がまだ惑星だったころ、トムという男の子がいました。
Tom. Mukashi mukashi, Meiōsei ga mada wakuseidatta koro, Tomu to iu otokonoko ga imashita.

I hope you enjoyed the article, as an exercise comment on phrases related to the Universe and Space. Don’t forget to share with friends.

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