Name of the planets in Japanese

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Hello friends of Suki Desu, in this article we will learn the names of the planets and some expressions in the Japanese language. You will see how ideograms give a rich understanding of the universe in the Japanese language. Just like the days of the week, the universe in Japanese is composed of the ideograms of the elements of nature.

Most planets are initially written with an element or kanji that defines the planet and its chemical composition, accompanied by the star kanji (星) that can indicate a planet as well.

It makes perfect sense since stars are just planets, and are sometimes bigger than the sun itself. Even “Planeta” (惑星) in Japanese literally means false star.

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Nome dos planetas em japonês

Name of the Planets in Japanese

The table below will help you understand every detail of the Universe, our solar system and the planets:

(The last column indicates: Meaning, observation or literally)

PortugueseJapaneseRomajiSig. - Obs. - Lit.
Planet惑星Wakusei星 = Star 惑 = Illusion, Deception
Solar system太陽系Taiyoukei系 = Line
Sun太陽
Taiyō
Also represented by 日
MoonTsukiMay means month
MoonムーンMūnAmericanized version
Moonlight月光GekkōMoonlight
Mercury水星SuiseiWater Star
Venus金星KinseiGold Star
Earth地球Chikyū地 - Earth 球 - Sphere
Mars火星KaseiFire star
Jupiter木星MokuseiWood star
Saturn土星DoseEarth star (soil)
Uranus天王星Ten'nōseiStar king of the skies
Neptune海王星KaiōseiKing of the seas
Pluto冥王星Meiōsei冥 = Dark, gloomy

It is interesting to note that the names of the planets in Japanese are not realistic, Saturn is a gaseous planet, how did it get its name from the Earth's star? Mars despite being red is very cold. 

The names of the planets are related to Roman mythology. The last planets, king of the heavens, king of the seas and the dark king is further proof of this.

Talking about space in Japanese

Now let's go deeper and learn some words related to the Universe:

PortugueseJapaneseRomajiSig. - Obs. - Lit.
Galaxy 銀河系GingakeiSilver River (系 - system)
asteroid 小惑星ShōwakuseiLittle Planet
Universe 宇宙Uchuu 
atmosphere 大気TaikiGreat Care
eclipse 食Shoku 月食 or 日食
meteor 流星RyūseiOr shooting star
extraterrestrial 宇宙人UchuujinSpace person
gravity 重力JūryokuWeight power, strong weight
Astronaut宇宙飛行士Uchū hikō-shiAviator of the Universe
Constellation星座Seiza 
Satellite ntaural衛星Eisei 
The Milky Way天の川AmanogawaRiver of the Heavens
Orbit軌道Kidou 

The Japanese language is really interesting, all the words can be understood in a simple and literal way, we don't need to take A dictionary to know what that word means, because in writing we understand perfectly what it means. That is the importance and wealth of Kanji.

Japanese phrases about space

My father has traveled in space
Ich は宇宙へ行ったことがある。 Chichi wa uchū and itta koto ga aru.
The moon surrounds the earth.
Uki は地球の回りを回転している。 Tsuki wa chikyū no mawari o kaiten shite iru.
The Sun has nine planets.
Y は 9つの惑星を持つ。 Taiyō wa kokonotsu no wakusei motsu.
What language will extraterrestrials speak?
Ch 人は言語がなんだろうか。 Uchūbito wa gengo ga nandarou ka.
We all live on Earth.
 Ash たちはみんな地球に住んでいる。 Watashitachi wa min'na chikyū ni sunde iru.
Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.
木星は、太陽系最大の惑星である。 Mokusei wa, taiyōkei saidai no wakuseidearu. 
Mercury is the planet closest to the sun.
水星は太陽に一番近い惑星です。 Suisei wa taiyō ni ichiban chikai wakuseidesu.
Neptune is the eighth planet in the solar system.
 海王星は太陽系の 8 番目の惑星だ。 Kaiōsei wa taiyōkei at 8-banme no wakuseida.
The Earth is not a star, but a planet.
 地球は恒星ではなくて惑星です。 Chikyū wa kōseide wanakute wakuseidesu.
Long ago, when Pluto was still a planet, there was a boy named Tom.
. Mu 、冥王星がまだ惑星だったころ、トムという男. 子がいました。 Tom.

Videos about planets in Japanese

Finally, will we see some videos? I hope you enjoyed the article, as an exercise comment on phrases related to the Universe and Space. Don't forget to share with friends.