Name of the planets in Japanese


Hello friends of Suki Desu, in this article we will learn the names of the planets and some expressions in the Japanese language. You will see how ideograms give a rich understanding of the universe in Japanese. Like the days of the week, the universe in Japanese is composed of the ideograms of the elements of nature.

Most planets are initially written with an element or kanji that defines the planet and its chemical composition, accompanied by the star kanji (星) that can indicate a planet as well.

It makes perfect sense since stars are just planets, and are sometimes bigger than the sun itself. Even “wakusei” (惑星) in Japanese literally means false star.

Name of the planets in japanese - galaxia espaco estrelas 1

Name of the Planets in Japanese

The table below will help you understand every detail of the Universe, our solar system and the planets:

(The last column indicates: Meaning, observation or literally)

Planet惑星Wakusei星 = Estrela 惑 = Ilusão, Engano
Solar system太陽系Taiyoukei系 = Linha
Sun太陽TaiyōTambém representado por 日
MoonTsukiPode significa mês
MoonムーンMūnVersão americanizada
Moonlight月光GekkōLuz da Lua
Mercury水星SuiseiEstrela d’água
Venus金星KinseiEstrela de ouro
Earth地球Chikyū地 – Terra 球 – Esfera
Mars火星KaseiEstrela de fogo
Jupiter木星MokuseiEstrela de madeira
Saturn土星DoseiEstrela de terra (solo)
Uranus天王星Ten’nōseiEstrela rei dos céus
Neptune海王星KaiōseiRei dos mares
Pluto冥王星Meiōsei冥 = Obscuro, sombrio

It is interesting to note that the names of the planets in Japanese are not realistic, Saturn is a gaseous planet, how did it get its name from the Earth’s star? Mars despite being red is very cold.

The names of the planets are related to Roman mythology. The last planets, king of the heavens, king of the seas and the dark king is further proof of this.

Talking about Space in Japanese

Now let’s go deeper and learn some words related to the Universe:

Galaxy銀河系GingakeiRio de prata (系 – sistema)
asteroid小惑星ShōwakuseiPequeno Planeta
atmosphere大気TaikiGrande Cuidado
eclipseShoku月食 ou 日食
meteor流星RyūseiOu estrela cadente
extraterrestrial宇宙人UchuujinPessoa do espaço
gravity重力JūryokuPoder de peso, peso forte
Astronaut宇宙飛行士Uchū hikō-shiAviador do Universo
Satellite ntaural衛星Eisei
The Milky Way天の川AmanogawaRio dos céus

The Japanese language is really interesting, all words can be understood in a simple and literal way, we do not need to take a dictionary to know what that word means, because in writing we understand perfectly what it means. That is the importance and wealth of Kanji.

Japanese Sentences about space

My father has traveled in space
Chichi wa uchū e itta koto ga aru.
The moon surrounds the earth.
Tsuki wa chikyū no mawari o kaiten shite iru.
The Sun has nine planets.
Taiyō wa kokonotsu no wakusei o motsu.
What language will extraterrestrials speak?
Uchūbito wa gengo ga nandarou ka.
We all live on Earth.
 Watashitachi wa min'na chikyū ni sunde iru.
Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.
Mokusei wa, taiyōkei saidai no wakuseidearu. 
Mercury is the planet closest to the sun.
Suisei wa taiyō ni ichiban chikai wakuseidesu.
Neptune is the eighth planet in the solar system.
 Kaiōsei wa taiyōkei no 8-banme no wakuseida.
The Earth is not a star, but a planet.
 Chikyū wa kōseide wanakute wakuseidesu.
Long ago, when Pluto was still a planet, there was a boy named Tom.
Tom. Mukashi mukashi, Meiōsei ga mada wakuseidatta koro, Tomu to iu otokonoko ga imashita.

I hope you enjoyed the article, as an exercise comment on phrases related to the Universe and Space. Don’t forget to share with friends.

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