Do you know how to write and speak the days, months and years in Japanese? In this article we will examine in detail how to write and pronounce the days, months and years in the Japanese language. Remember that the writing is usually similar to the Chinese language, which can make it easier for you to recognize both.
The days, months and years can be written with both Roman numbers (123) and Japanese ideograms (一二三). There is no rule of thumb when to use each of these forms, they tend to coexist on different occasions. Of course, when speaking, it is recommended to use popular reading in the Japanese language.
How do you say the days of the week in Japanese?
Although the focus of this article is the days, months and years, we should start by looking at the days of the week in Japanese (Monday to Sunday), which are practically the name of the planets or the 5 elements… No Fairs…
How do you speak the days of the month in Japanese?
The days of the month are accompanied by an ideogram that is pronounced nichi (日) meaning sun and day. The table below explains better ways to pronounce the days of the month in Japanese.
We leave below 2 readings, both are correct but are used differently. When referring to a day of a given month, we usually use the special reading that is in bold.
|DAY||READING OF IDEOGRAMS||WRITING||SPECIAL READING|
|3||san nichi||三 日||mikka|
|4||shi / yon nichi||四日||yokka|
|7||nana nichi||七 日||nanoka|
|8||hachi nichi||八 日||youka|
|9||kyu nichi||九 日||kokonoka|
|11||juu ichi nichi||十一日|
|12||juu ni nichi||十二日|
|13||juu san nichi||十三日|
|14||juu yon nichi||十四日||juu yokka|
|15…||juu go nichi||十五日|
|20||nii ju nichi||二 十日||hatsu ka|
|24||nii ju yon nichi||二十四日||ni juu yokka|
|25||nii ju go nichi||二十五日|
|30||san juu nichi||三十日|
|31||san juu ichi nichi||三十一日|
How do you speak the months in Japanese?
In the Japanese language there is no special name for each month. There they usually speak the number followed by the ideogram tsuki (月) which means moon (tsuki) and month (gatsu). It seems strange for us to talk Month 1 Month 2 Month 3, but stopping to think is much simpler and easier.
The Japanese also have an old traditional way of speaking the months in Japanese that is rarely used. Nowadays it is used in horoscope calendars, lunar calendar and other traditional things.
This calendar is called wafuu getsumei (和風月名) which literally means names of months in the Japanese style.
Note that not all months on this traditional list have the moon character.
How do you speak the year in Japanese?
The year works in the same way as the day and month, the number accompanied by the ideogram nen (年) which literally means year. See an example below:
- 2005 年 4 月 1日 - April 1, 2005 / Nii sen go nen / shigatsu / tsuitachi 二千五年四月一日
We realize that first the year comes, then the month and finally the day. If we know all Japanese language numbers we can easily write the days, months and years in the language.
Words related to Calendar in Japanese
We can't talk about years, days, months and dates without talking about calendars and other related words like leap year in Japanese, lunar calendar and other words related to dates. Make good use of the vocabulary table below:
|西暦||Seireki||It was common|
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