Watermelon is a fruit originally brought from Africa, but known and loved all over the world, especially in tropical countries such as Brazil for example. That's because, as they have a very hot summer, these countries are looking for options to cool off, and the watermelon, in addition to being very healthy, also hydrates and refreshes those who consume it.
We are all familiar with the traditional watermelon, with its green skin, red pulp and many seeds, but now we are going to discover a very different variant of this fruit. Have you ever heard of the yellow watermelon?
This variation of the traditional watermelon is still little known in Brazil, but it has been gaining more and more space in supermarkets and on Brazilians' tables. It will very soon be easy to find yellow watermelon at fairs or markets across the country, so before you start consuming this fruit, here's everything you need to know about it.
The origin of yellow watermelon
Although it exists in nature, the yellow watermelon that reaches the consumer is actually a variation of the red watermelon created by a company called EMBRAPA, which developed two different types of watermelon: BRS Soleil and BRS Kuarah. Both types were developed as a consumer alternative.
This watermelon was also developed thinking about facilitating its cultivation and transport, as it can be grown in various types of soil and, due to being a little smaller and lighter compared to traditional watermelons, its transport is also much easier, thus preventing premature fruit rot.
In order to achieve these specific characteristics, the watermelon went through a process of hybridization and conventional breeding, thus giving it a yellowish color, a size and weight different from conventional ones, and a lower amount of seeds compared to red watermelon.
Yellow watermelon in Japan?
Square watermelon in Japan has returned to being popular for now, although it has been around since the Edo period. Unlike yellow melon, watermelon has not become popular because of its lighter color and flavor.
Main characteristics of yellow watermelon
The main feature that differentiates yellow watermelon from others is its richness in a pigment called carotenoid. It is this pigment that gives the yellow color to this fruit, and it can also be found in carrots, for example. The red watermelon in turn is rich in lycopene, the pigment that gives it its reddish color.
Despite looking quite different, the yellow watermelon is also part of the family Cucubitaceae, just like the traditional red watermelon. In this sense, the yellow watermelon also differs in size, being a little smaller than the traditional watermelon, and number of seeds, the yellow watermelon having much less seeds than the red one. And there are still, in some variations, the presence of edible seeds.
Also, this watermelon weighs between two and six kilos, in addition to ripening much faster than its red sister. In other words, it can be harvested in less than sixty days, whereas red watermelon takes around eighty days to ripen and be ready for harvest.
In this way, it is also possible to prevent the appearance of pests and diseases in the plantations. . Furthermore, yellow watermelon is present in other variations around the world, mainly in colder countries like Japan and Russia.
Yellow Watermelon Benefits
Everyone knows that watermelon has many benefits for our health, and yellow watermelon is no different. It has all the qualities that the common watermelon, but with the added bonus of having an abundance of carotenoid, the substance that gives the fruit a yellowish appearance, which in the body is transformed into vitamin A, which is mainly associated with the prevention of vision problems.
Furthermore, as it has some diuretic properties, it is highly recommended by doctors for people suffering from kidney problems. These properties also help people who are in the process of weight loss, for those who have high blood pressure and gout.
Another disease that yellow watermelon helps prevent is asthma. Due to its high content of zinc and vitamin C, this fruit helps maintain and dilate the respiratory tract, thus preventing the recurrence of asthma. It can also help to strengthen bones, as it also contains potassium and calcium, which are essential for bone growth and strengthening.
Other fun facts about yellow watermelon
There are many ways to consume this fruit, just like red watermelon, you can add it to foods such as salads, and fruit smoothies, make juices or just consume it normally like you do with red watermelon.
The storage of this fruit is very easy, if it is uncut, it can be kept on a counter for up to two weeks. After being cut, it is important to cover the exposed part of the fruit with plastic and store it in a refrigerator, so it will last for about 3 to 5 days.
So, did you feel like trying the yellow watermelon? If you are thinking of buying or planting yellow watermelon, its price in Brazil is around R$ 18.00 for ten watermelon seeds. You will certainly not regret putting this delicious and nutritious fruit on your summer menu.