Here in Brazil it is common for people to seek justice to resolve their disputes. There are several situations and impasses that need some kind of authority to be resolved. Unfortunately, here in Brazil the situations are very frequent, so professions such as lawyers and judges are highly valued
However, we hardly see such situations in Japan. If we stop to do a little research, the most common lawyers are business lawyers. Yes, those who work with companies, not civilians.
This is where the curiosity about lawyers in Japan is. And we're about to find out a little more about these professionals, just keep reading. Remembering that it will be a short article and without much ado.
Lawyers and culture
It is a historic fact that Japanese customs have a certain fear of legal involvement. This is based on the doctrines of Confucianism and Japanese principles of harmony. Yes, one of the most interesting things in Japanese culture, the passion they developed for the sense of harmony.
It is basically to say that someone brought before a court for a criminal or civil issue has suffered public and private humiliation. That's because it interrupted the harmony in some way. Of course, in some cases the involvement of justice is necessary, but that is up to each individual.
The lawyer's industry
More than 100 universities have a law school at the undergraduate level. Check out some of the universities in Japan. Thus, many study law at the undergraduate level and go to work for companies in roles unrelated to the law. However, to become a lawyer, you must go to law school, pass the bar exam and complete the LTRI.
As of August 2014, there were 35,031 lawyers registered with law firms in Japan. The starting salaries for Japanese lawyers are typically around 10 million yen (US $ 100,000). That is, at established law firms and about half of Japanese companies.
Currently, the exam is like our OAB exam. Where graduates are tested and thus earn a training certificate. But in Japan, the Bar exam is just the first step in professional life.
The exam is divided into two stages. The first step is a one-day rapid response exam on the six laws and administrative law. The second stage is a three-day exam on trials in public law, civil law and criminal law, as well as subjects that can be selected by the examinee (including labor law, environmental law, public international law and private international law).
In addition, a law school requirement has been introduced. All entrance exam participants must complete a two or three year graduate program and are limited to taking the exam within five years of graduation.
The Japanese bar exam is known as one of the most difficult exams in the world. Although bar approval rates are rising after structural reform in 2006, only about 20% of college law graduates cross the barrier.
Students can only try to pass 5 times, after which they are disqualified. Most students study at independent private schools to pass the entrance exam. The average age of people who pass the exam is 28 to 29 years.
Supreme Court Legal Training and Research Institute
Those who passed the entrance exam participate in a one-year training process to study practical skills at LTRI. Training at LTRI consists of collective classroom training and field training.
The LTRI is focused on teaching litigation skills. When students pass the final exam at LTRI, they become lawyers, prosecutors or judges. Prosecutors and judges are handpicked by the LTRI.
Lawyers in Japan
Anyway, as we can see, life to become a lawyer is not easy. In addition, it is very likely that it is a low-valued profession. It is a cat that nobody wants to break peace, or rather, most people don't.
Thus, lawyers remain as a last resort. But it is always possible to count on the law firms, mainly here in Brazil. After all, what is better than solving everything in a good conversation with friends? But now it's up to you, leave in the comments what you think of the article.
Take advantage and share the site there on social networks, it helps a lot. And if you have any questions, doubts or the like about lawyers in Japan, leave them in the comments. In addition, thank you for reading the article so far, bye.