Do you know everything that happened before Japan became peaceful? In this article we will look at the atrocities committed by the Japanese military before or during World War II. Some things are so brutal that it is almost impossible to understand.
Within Japan itself, the population has always lived through an endless millennial war. The country is famous for the Samurai's long history of war, but little is said about international events between World War I and II.
Despite the atrocities committed by some military personnel, do not become one of them facing the cases of this article with racial hatred. Especially because Japan is currently one of the most peaceful nations in the world. As much as Japan and many try to forget or ignore it, it is important to remember the horrible crimes in our history, to ensure that they never happen again.
The Nanjing Massacre
O Nanjing massacre it was an episode of mass murder and rape by Japanese troops against the inhabitants of Nanjing, the capital of China during the 2nd Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). The massacre took the lives of more than 300,000 Chinese.
During the capture of the city some soldiers competed to see who killed more people. Many Chinese women were abducted and used as sex slaves. About 80,000 Chinese women were raped during the occupation.
At first, women were killed immediately after being raped. They were often killed through explicit mutilation. Young children were not exempt from these atrocities and were also captured to be raped.
These atrocities lasted more than 2 months and were decreasing with the order (December 1937). The generals and some soldiers responsible for the attack were tried and sentenced to death by the Japanese court itself after World War II.
In addition to what happened in Nanjing, during the Second Japanese Bell War, the Japanese are believed to have forced more than 200,000 women to have sex. They were called comfort women, most of whom were Korean.
They were sent across East Asia to work in brothels that served the Japanese armed forces. Brothels operated long hours and women were rarely given time off, maintaining forced relationships repeatedly every day for years.
In 2015, the Prime Minister of Japan officially apologized for the practice and agreed to pay an amount of 1 billion yen, or about 9 million dollars, to the 46 women survivors of comfort.
THE Unit 731 (Nana-san-ichi Butai) was the unit where the Department of Epidemic Prevention and Water Purification of the Kwantung Army located in Pingfang district, in the former marionette state of Manchukuo, northeastern China.
The site was a front to hide human experiments on Chinese, Russian, Mongolian, Korean and even Allied civilians and prisoners of war. Common criminals, captured enemies and anti-Japanese supporters were also used.
Among Unit 371 experiments, prisoners were infected with venereal diseases for study in the human body. Some were submitted to Vivisection without anesthesia to study the effect of diseases on the organs. Others were raped by guards.
Some prisoners were subjected to cold temperature tests to study the effects of freezing cold. Others were test targets with firearms such as grenades and flamethrowers and biological weapons. Others were left without water and food.
Death by railroad
During the occupation of the territories of Southeast Asia, the Japanese decided to build a railway that connected Thailand and Burma. The railroad would cross an incredibly dense jungle and would be built largely by hand.
The Japanese gathered 60,000 prisoners of war and 200,000 enslaved local workers and forced them to work day and night through monsoons and stifling heat. The workers received only rice to eat.
The wounded and sick were left to die. The dangers included dengue, cholera, tropical ulcers and an extreme vitamin B deficiency that led to several paralysis.
The Bataan Death March
The atrocities in Baatan, Philippines, began in 1942, when the region was surrendered to Japan. The Japanese, unprepared for the large number of prisoners of war, ordered all 75,000 of them to march through the jungle.
This march became known as the March of Death of Bataan. Japanese soldiers, who saw surrender as a sign of weakness, beat the captives incessantly. Some stayed behind due to lack of water, jungle heat or exhaustion.
Latecomers were beheaded or simply left to perish. It is estimated that 2,500 Filipinos and 500 Americans perished on the march. Some 26,000 Filipinos have succumbed to disease or hunger in the prison camp.
The Bangka Island Massacre
As Allied forces left Singapore after the Japanese took control, Japanese planes bombed the sea in an effort to sink as many fleeing transport ships as possible.
One of these ships had 65 Australian nurses, 53 of whom managed to swim to the small island of Bangka, controlled by the Japanese, after the sinking of the transport.
Japanese soldiers gathered as many people as possible, including wounded soldiers, allied soldiers and some of the nurses. The Japanese then mounted a machine gun on the beach, ordered everyone to enter the shallow water and knocked them over. Only two survived the incident.
The Sandakan Death March
Considered the worst military atrocity in Australian history, the Sandakan Death March is little known outside that country. The incident occurred at the end of World War II, when the Japanese were fleeing.
They left the Sandakan prisoner of war camp in Borneo, forcing soldiers there to march to Ranau through the jungle with them until they perished from hunger or disease. More than 2,345 Australian prisoners of war died.
The lack of food affected even the Japanese, some killed themselves and resorted to cannibalism. Things like that didn't just happen in Australia but in different places during the war. Some prisoners and allies were even eaten alive.
The Attack on Pearl Harbor
On December 7, 1941, early in the morning, the Japanese bombed the North American base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. It was a bloody and violent event that killed more than 2,000 Americans, injured many people and destroyed many boats.
Many of the dead were just 17 and 18, some were firefighters and family. The attack came about because the US intruded and froze all Japanese goods that were in the US and choked off oil imports, taking away Japan's power.
We know that Pear Harbor made the Americans very angry with the Japanese, thus destroying two populated cities in Japan Hiroshima and Nagasaki with a nuclear bomb. The attack was also a surprise and killed 100x more innocent people.
The I-8 Submarine Massacre
The crew of the Japanese submarine I-8 committed a couple of atrocities during World War II. First, they sank a Dutch freighter and took the crew hostage.
They beat many of them with bayonets and swords until they died, then tied the survivors to the hull of the submarine, which plunged to the bottom of the sea. Only six people survived.
The I-8 crew sank an American freighter, again taking more than 100 prisoners, and attacked them with hammers and blades. About 23 Americans survived this second attack.
The battle of Manila
In 1945 in Manila, Philippines, the Japanese army was told to withdraw by military leaders. Ignoring this order, the Japanese stationed in the city decided to destroy it, killing as many civilians as possible.
They raped, shot, maimed and beheaded Filipinos until the Allies killed all of the city's more than 16,000 Japanese soldiers as a result of their refusal to surrender. About 100,000 Filipinos died.
Recalled today as a national tragedy, the Battle of Manila cost the Filipinos, in addition to thousands of human lives, the destruction of countless and irreparable historical treasures, colleges, churches, convents, universities and historic monasteries.
Operation Sook Ching
After taking control of Singapore in February 1942, the Japanese decided to eradicate any Chinese in the city that could oppose Japanese rule, including the military, leftists, communists and those with weapons.
Thus began to Operation Sook Ching. In Japanese, the name was Operation Dai Kensho, or “big inspection”. The operation resulted in several massacres, typically by machine gun, of groups of ethnically Chinese men.
The official Japanese number for the operation was 5,000 casualties, although according to a Japanese reporter in Singapore, the number was around 50,000.
The occupation of Nauru
The Japanese occupied Nauru, a small equatorial island east of Papua New Guinea, from 1942 until the end of World War II. During that period, they committed a series of atrocities, including the execution of several Australian officials.
At the time, Nauru was home to a leper colony. The Japanese gathered the lepers, put them on boats, took them to the sea and then blew up the boats with everyone on board. They also displaced about 1,200 Nauru natives to other islands.
Many of these displaced people died of hunger or disease before the end of World War II, which means that the Japanese essentially committed the genocide of the Nauru people.
The Palawan Massacre
The Palawan prisoner of war camp in the Philippines was a hellish place. According to survivors' reports, two American soldiers had their left arms broken with a pipe just for eating a papaya to keep from starving.
On December 14, 1944, the Japanese forced all 150 Americans in the countryside to enter wooden buildings. They then set fire to the buildings, only 40 men managed to escape the burning buildings.
Some tried to escape by swimming in a nearby bay and were shot. Others tried to hide among the rocks near the bay, but were found and killed. In the end 11 Americans survived that night.
Other Japanese attacks and war crimes
The Hong Kong invasion - In December 1941 during the Pacific War, JApão invaded Hong Kong with an order not to take prisoners. Anyone found defending the island, including British doctors, was killed with a bayonet.
Massacres in Port Blair - The Japanese have committed numerous atrocities in the Bay of Bengal. Japanese soldiers tortured senior Indian officers, allied with Allied forces.
The Pig Basket Massacre - When East Java surrendered to the Japanese, some soldiers fled to the hills. The captured soldiers were forced to enter bamboo boxes made to transport pigs. They were transported in trucks exposed to 100 degree heat, taken to boats and thrown into shark-infested waters.
The Alexandra Hospital Massacre - Japanese soldiers entered the Alexandra Hospital managed by British, went from room to room beating indiscriminately on patients, doctors and nurses. 100 men were arrested in suffocating sheds and killed the next day.
Laha airport massacre - The Japanese executed more than 200 Dutch and Australians near the Laha airfield on the island of Ambon. Most soldiers were beheaded or killed by a bayonet and buried in mass graves.
The Enemy Aviator Massacre - Even after the decree of the emperor and Japan surrendered at the end of the war, some frantic Japanese soldiers beheaded some captured airmen.