In this article we will share Japanese words, called in the language of warui kotoba [悪い言葉]. You will learn cursing, slang, insults and other bad things in Japanese. I hope you enjoy the article.
It’s worth making it clear that most of the swear words in Japanese do not have their literally offensive translation. Most of the time Japanese people insult themselves with pronouns and other words that for the English language can be something harmless.
Warui Kotoba – Japanese Words
In Japan, it is not customary to speak slang with a sexual connotation in public, nor swear words of this kind, but there are some cases and diversities, but the swear words that we know here are not used in Japan in a common way.
People often translate these bad words and insults into Japanese incorrectly, making it seem that a certain word is equivalent to something immoral or offensive in Portuguese. Hardly a Japanese word will be like that, but it can have the same impact.
We realize, that they translate things that have nothing to do with shit or fuck. I remember watching an episode of No Game No Life and the protagonist says: dameda [ダメだ] which means Useless, and fansub subtitled it as fuck.
It’s worth pointing out that there are taboo words of sexual connotation, offensive and terrible, but they are not commonly used to insult others. Warui Kotoba [悪い言葉] is a common term to refer to bad words, but it is not the only term, or the most used.
Bubetsu – Insult – Words of Contempt
There is a Japanese word called bubetsu [侮蔑] that can literally be translated as contempt or insult. Unlike warui kotoba, the word bubetsu is not only limited to words or attitudes, but also to derogatory feelings and their intention.
In fact, bubetsu is a standard term to refer to the many synonyms and phenomenological forms of contempt that we will list below. In addition to swearing, you will already learn the various categories of insult in Japanese:
|悪口||waruguchi||Slander, speak ill|
|罵倒||batou||Defamation, verbal abuse, depreciation|
|卑罵||hiba||Pejorative, derogatory word|
|そしり||soshiri||Criticism, censorship, depreciation|
|皮肉||hiniku||Irony, sarcasm, cynicism, satire|
|罵倒||batō||Reporting, depreciation, defamation|
|非難||hinan||Criticism, guilt, censorship, attack|
|皮肉||hiniku||Irony, sarcasm, cynicism, satire|
|風刺||fūshi||satire; irony; sarcasm|
|陰口||kageguchi||malicious gossip; slander; speaking badly in the back|
In Japanese, many synonyms were generated when ideograms were imported and evolved with time, this gave rise to the dozens of types of contempt and insults shown above and also to many synonyms and variations of cursing.
In the past, there were Japanese poems and beheadings in the Nara and Heian eras that applied the rhetorical technique of kanji to insult. Things aren’t limited to words, some often create hidden puns or use sarcastic spelling mistakes.
Higo – Vulgar and Pejorative words
Speaking of bad words or bad words, the term higo [卑語] can be used to categorize abusive words that should be avoided in public. Some words are common in insults, others are quite underground (obscure).
Words in this category mostly refer to genital slang, sexual intercourse, excrement, semen, buttocks, breasts and other related words. You may be interested in reading the article about sexual words. Here are a few:
Below are some words related to genitals that can be used to insult others in Japanese:
- Chin Chin [ちんちん] – Penis;
- Kintama [金玉] – balls;
- Bobo [ぼぼ] – pussy, sex (Kyoto dialect);
- Ketsu [ケツ] – ass, buttocks;
- Ketusnoana [ケツの穴] – ass;
- Chikubi [乳首] – nipples;
- Oppai [おっぱい] – breasts, breasts;
- Paipai [ぱいぱい] – breasts, nipples;
- Oshikko [おしっこ] – penis;
- Ochinchin [おちんちん] – penis;
- Chinko [ちんこ] – penis;
- Chinpo [チンポ] – penis;
- Pokochin [ポコチン] – penis;
- Oppai [おっぱい] – breasts, breasts, breasts;
- Tamatama [たまたま] – testicles;
- Manko [まんこ] – vagina, pussy;
Not all of the words mentioned above are derogatory, they may be just slang or terms to refer to genitalia. But the simple fact of speaking genitalia in public depending on the situation can be somewhat despicable.
It is unusual to use expressions related to sex in the Japanese vocabulary, but there are expressions that represent the sexual act, fucking, eating and things like that. The expressions below usually mean the same thing:
- Okasu [犯す] – Deflating, raping, violating, committing, perpetrating
- Komasu [こます] – Do, give, eat, fuck;
- Itekomasu [いてこます] – Attack, punch, fuck;
- Kamawohoru [かまをほる] – Ass-kicking, anal fucking, sodomizing;
Dirty Words in Japanese
Below we will see some dirty words in Japanese, things like excrement, shit, feces and so on. The words below are the most common, some will enter another category further down.
- Kuso [糞] – Shit;
- Kusotare [クソタレ] – Shit;
- Unko [うんこ] – Shit, shit, poop;
- Shikko [しっこ] – Xixi, urine;
Other ways to insult with higo
It is also common in the higo category to use words that convey some pejorative idea. Words related to appearance, constitution, function and countless others. Calling people thieves and vagrants also fits into the higo category.
One way to insult people with hygio is to merge these bad words with other bad words or even with the name of the person you want to insult. For example: Benimanko, Kintamani and Unkorosai. Some will be seen throughout the article.
Insults and Bad Words in Japanese
Now let’s see some of these insults and curses in Japanese and other words that have a negative effect on conversations. Most Japanese insults or things like that are composed of more than one word.
Appearance insults in Japanese
The list of bad words below is related to the person’s appearance:
- Busu [ブス] – Ugly (used more in women);
- Busaiku [ 不細工] – Disheveled, ugly;
- Ketou [毛等] – People with different hair colors or people from abroad;
- Gaki [ ガキ] – Shorty, brat;
- Chibi [ちび] – Small, short (often affectionate);
- Bakemono [化け物] – Monster, horrible thing;
- Debu [デブ] – Your Pig, Filthy, Fat;
- Kitanai [汚い] – Dirty;
- Akuma [悪魔] – Demon, evil;
- Oni [鬼] – Ogre;
- Majyo [魔女] – Witch;
- Obake [おばけ] – Monster, Ghost, Goblin;
- Deka [デカ] – Great;
- Routai [老体] – Old body, old, old;
- Miira [ミイラ] – Mummy, cadaver;
- Taikobara [太鼓腹] – Taiko belly (drum);
Cursing someone animal in Japanese
It is common to curse others with animal names to describe a certain appearance or personality, see some below:
Buta [豚] – Pig (used in fat);
Kaba [カバ] – Hippo (referring to fat);
Zako [雑魚] – Small fish;
Tako [タコ] – Fearful, Cowardly (referring to octopus);
Yajyuu [野獣] – Wild beast, wild animal;
Gorira [ゴリラ] – Gorilla (someone wild, violent and big);
Saru [さる] – Monkey (person attacked);
Koumori [蝙蝠] – Bat (opportunist, turncoat);
Uma [馬] – Horse;
Adjectives and characteristics Insults
Below we will see some Japanese swear words and curses that are adjectives, or present some characteristic of the person, such as occupation, animal appearance or person’s way. Words related to intelligence are excluded.
- Hentai [変態] – Pervert, pervert, sex maniac;
- Boke [ボケ] – Lazy, tapir, vagrant;
- Okama [おかま] – Viado, Baitola, Boiola, Gay;
- Kichigai [キチガイ] – Crazy, retarded, stupid;
- Kechi [けち] – Stingy, cowhand, murrinha;
- Dokechi [どけち] – Stingy, stingy;
- Hidoi(i) [酷い] – Terrible, Horrible, Bad;
- Saitei(dayo) [最低] – Minor, Low, Terrible, Worse, Unpleasant;
- Yariman [やりまん] – Prostitute, Whore, Girl – Sleep with anyone;
- Debesu [出べそ] – Bulging navel;
- Amattare [あまったれ] – Spoiled, dependent, child;
- Gomi [ゴミ] – Garbage;
- Yarou [野郎] – Brat, bastard, idiot, asshole;
- Shounin [小人] – Small child, dwarf, narrow-minded;
- Piero [ピエロ] – Clown;
- Odokemono [戯け者] – Idiot, mannequin, clown, cheater;
Insulting one’s intelligence in Japanese
There are many cursing and swearing about a person’s intelligence, so we decided to put separate, see a list below:
- Baka [馬鹿] – idiot, donkey, stupid, fool, clown, fool, goofy and things like that;
- Otankonasu [おたんこなす] – idiot, fool, bird brain;
- Aho [あほ] – Stupid;
- Kusottare [クソッタレ] – Idiot (asshole);
- Manuke [間抜け] – Nuance of a foolish, idiot, retarded person;
- Heta(kuso) [下手糞] – Clumsy, clumsy, useless;
- Doji [どじ] Nonsense; clumsy; spoiled;
- Bontsuke [ぽんつく] – Idiot, stupid;
- Roba [驢馬] – Dumb, ass (lit. ass);
- Usagiuma [兎馬] – Donkey, ass (lit. rabbit + horse);
- Arokamono [愚か者] – Fool;
- Funeke [腑抜け] – Idiot, coward;
- Gubetsu [愚物] – Idiot, fool;
- Oko [おこ] – Stupid;
Insults that are commands and actions
The words below are commands, you are telling the person to do a certain action, usually are verbs. Enjoy:
- Damatte [黙って] Kanji 黙 means silence, be quiet or shut up;
- Damare [黙れ] – Alternative to damatte, can be used in both yo extension [よ];
- Shine [死ね] – Die;
- Urusai [うるさい] – Noisy, shut your mouth;
- Ikke-nai [ne] [いっけ-ない] – Drugs, don’t fuck (lit. won’t, don’t do it);
- Kusokurae [糞食らえ] – Fuck it!
- Kutabare [くたばれ] – Get the fuck out of here, fuck it;
- Deteike [出て行け] – Get out of here, get the fuck out;
- Bakanisuruna [ばかにするな] – Don’t make an idiot out of me;
- Hikome [ひっこめ] – Get out, get out, get back;
- Namekusatte [なめくさって] – Lick!
Others bad words in Japanese
The Japanese swear words below did not fit into any previous category, but are very popular:
- Konchikushou [こん畜生] – Fucking motherfucker, bastard;
- Kusomajime [クソ真面目] – Excessively serious, humorless, dull;
- Kimochi warui [気持ち悪い] – Disgusting, horrible, disgusting, unpleasant (To the letter, bad feeling.)
- Chikushou [畜生] – (It’s an expression of revolt for a circumstance) What the fuck! What the fuck!
- Baka Bakashii [馬鹿馬鹿しい] – Absurd, ridiculous, crazy.
- Nantehetakuso [なんてへたくそ] – What the hell, what the fuck;
Insulting with Suffixes and Prefixes
Another way of insulting and cursing people is by using prefixes and honorary suffixes that convey the idea of an insult or depreciation. They are often used before or after a dirty word or even the person’s name. See a list of them below:
- Ike [いけ] – prefix used to strengthen a derogatory adjective;
- Ikke [いっけ] – same as ike, stronger;
- Me [奴] – deprecative suffix meaning drug and bastard;
- Kou [公] – suffix that can become depreciative after a name;
- Suke [すけ] – Pejorative suffix;
- Kuso [クソ] and Kusare [くされ] – Can be used as a shit suffix and prefix;
Do [ど] or Don [どん] are also used as a prefix to reinforce some insult. See some examples below:
- Dobeta [ど下手] – Very awkward;
- Doinaka [ど田舎] – Peasant;
- Donbyakushou [どん百姓] – Poor farmer;
Also, we can use prefix levels to depreciate something: [二級][下等][三流][平];
Understanding Japanese Slangs
We can notice that Japanese insults when translating do not have a correct meaning, they can mean several words in Portuguese, we also notice the use of additions and word modifications, as in the case of different forms of insult that use the word ばか (baka).
だよ – Dayo – Few examples have been cited here, but many insults they end up saying Dayo, to confirm, emphasize and increase the insult. Dayo is one of the forms of the verb to be.
Other insults are also used to increase them as in the case of Baka + Aho / Baka + Yaro / Baka + Mono. It is also possible to use them even as prefix or suffix in names.
It is also worth remembering that bad words and some insults can be written in Katakana, as in the case of バカ, besides being quite seen in katakana in manga and books, to cause a strong and special effect.
There are also insults using the very term “you” as in the case of kisama, temee which means you, but according to the tone of voice, or region, this can be an insult.
We also have another article that talks about the bad words in Japanese animals. In this article you will learn in detail about the main words heard in the animes like kuso, uzai, chikushou, baka, aho, yatsu, shinee, debu, nanda, temee and others.
Mendokusai – It means something like: what a bag, what a nuisance, annoying, boring, annoying, difficult, problematic, laborious and others. This word can be used in different situations, both to insult and to express irritation.
Mukatsuku – It means Irritant! This is Japanese slang that you can use in a sentence or by yourself when you want to complain about something or someone that’s bothering you!
Kimoi – An abbreviated version of “kimochi warui”, which means disgusting or disgusting. If something bothers you, a simple “Kimoi!” is enough to show your disgust! This can be used to describe someone’s actions or something, as well as their appearance.
Dasai – It means ugly, lame or old-fashioned. It can be used to describe appearances and actions. If someone is completely reckless, you can say they are “dasai” and if they are wearing horrible clothes, you can also say “dasai”.
Bimyō [微妙] – It means questionable or uncertain. You can use the word bimyō to describe something that is neither good nor bad, however, it is usually used to describe the bad.
Majide – Does it mean something like serious? truth? Really? You can also use expressions like chō or metcha on different occasions. If you want to know more Japanese slang, what do you think about meeting the famous Yabai.
Japanese Insults Sentences
To finish the article, we will also see some sentences, questions and answers that can become insults. Notice that there are different ways to say such sentences, and remember that the sentences below must be pronounced in a strong way, otherwise they will be normal sentences, and not insults.
|Nanda-yo?/ Nani-yo?/||何だよ?||What is yours ? What’s it? (Used in the hours of anger with authoritative tone.)|
|Namen jyaneyo||なめんじゃねよ||To the letter e: Don’t lick me, that is, don’t underestimate me, don’t flinch, don’t step on the ball.|
|Nante ittan-dayo? / Nante itta no?||なんて言ったんだよ?||What did you say?|
|Fuzakenai deyo! / Fuzakeruna yo!||ふざけないでよ!||Stop acting stupid! Do not underestimate me!|
|Baka yamete yo [yamero, yamena, yatten ]||ばかやめてよ||Stop being stupid.|
|Baka iwanai deyo! / Baka ittenna yo!||バカ言わないでよ!||Don’t say stupid things!|
|Kakko tsukenna yo||かっこ付けんなよ||Don’t try to be Cool / Stop showing.|
|Bukkoroshite yaru!||ぶっ殺してやる||I’ll end with you. (To the letter is: I will beat to death.)|
|Kono yaro!||このやろ||I’ll catch you, unfortunate, hey you… [says that before punching someone].|
|Eraso ni suruna yo!||偉そうにするなよ||Don’t be so cocky!|
|Nani sama no tsumori?||何様のつもり||Who do you think you are?|
|Keri wo tsuke yoze!||けりをつけようぜ||Let’s get this over with.|
|Nande sonna koto shita no?||何でそんなことしたの||Why did you do that?|
Other ways to curse in Japanese
One way to insult is to use metaphors, we can call the person named objects of low value like garbage, feces, shit and others. It is common for Japanese people to also insult with names of animals, fruits and other objects that may present some characteristic.
The Japanese also like to depreciate another person using words of honor. Implicitly, we can use good and magnificent words to give honor in an exaggerated way that does not fit the scene.
Others use their own spelling or mispronounce purposefully to mix or create some sarcastic insult. In fact, there are thousands of ways to insult people in Japanese. Over time we will update you!
I hope you enjoyed this list of cursing and swearing in Japanese. We recommend reading our article that talks in detail about one of the most used swear words in Japanese, read our article that talks about Baka and its real meaning.
If you liked the article, share it and leave your comments. To finish the article, I’ll leave some videos about Japanese swear words for you to listen to and learn.