Gifu Castle - History and curiosities

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THE Gifu Prefecture it was the site of many decisive battles in the history of Japan. It was considered the center of the forge, and it was where the second largest earthquake in the history of Japan occurred, the Mino-Owari of 1891, where it opened a crack that can be seen today.

But in this article we’ll see one of the major tourist spots in the Province of Gifu, O "Gifu Castle“. One of thousands of others scattered castles throughout Japan.

Gifu Castle Location

O Gifu Castle (岐阜城 Gifu-jō) is located at the top of Kinkazan (Mount Kinka), next to the Nagara River. It was originally built by the Nikaidō Clan between 1201 and 1204 during the Kamakura Period.


Its first name was Castle of Inabayama (稲葉山城 Inabayama-jō). And since then it has undergone several reforms. To reach the nearest bus is the Gifu-Koen-Rekishi-Hakubutsukan-Mae.

To reach this bus stop it is necessary to use the N80 Takatomi Gifu Bus towards “Nagara-bashi” from JR Gifu Station or Meitetsu-Gifu. You can also take the bus that runs through the city of Gifu.

When visitors pay the entrance fee to Gifu Castle, they also receive entry to the Gifu Castle Archives Museum, located approximately 70 meters from the entrance to Gifu Castle.

Inside the museum, visitors will find more files related to Gifu Castle and its previous residents. The second floor focuses on musical instruments from Japan's past and present.

Castelo de gifu - história e curiosidades

History of Gifu Castle

A man called Takenaka Hanbei went to the castle to visit his sick brother, Saito Tatsuoki, with the real aim of killing him. When Hanbei hit him, Tatsuoki was very confused and ran away.

Hanbei obtained the Inabayama castle very easily. Hanbei later returned to his brother's castle, but his reputation was lost due to his escape. When Oda Nobunaga attacked Inabayama castle, Tatsuoki's men remembered this event and fled as well. Nobunaga took the castle for himself and made it his main base of operations.

Nobunaga renamed the fortification as "Gifu Castle" according to ancient Chinese practice and proceeded to renovation to make it bigger and more impressive. The castle was destroyed during a bombing during World War II and was rebuilt in 1950 with concrete and wood.

Castelo de gifu - história e curiosidades

Today's Gifu Castle

In 1956 after its renovation, it was reinforced with concrete, with 4 floors, with a height of 17.17 m. A total area of 461.77M. Next to it, there is a museum for the castle, an arsenal where food was kept. We also have the statue of Nobunaga as a great reference.

Currently the Gifu Castle it is a great tourist spot that brings a beautiful 360º panoramic view, the castle is not one of the largest in Japan, and it may be simple, but it brings a fun walk for visitors and a small cable car climb.  

Like every tourist spot, you will find details of the history, the timeline and the battles of the castle. Weapons of the time, and of course, thousands of products and souvenirs to buy.


There are many other details about this castle, a huge timeline with several events, but I had difficulties and did not go into details.

If you are interested in knowing more details, the Japanese Wiki it's the official site can be of help. But to finish this article, I leave a great video of the channel Japan Our daily, paying a visit to this castle.