The Japanese studio Studio Ghibli (スタジオジブリ, sutajio jiburi) is currently one of the largest animation studios in the world and almost every year an animation from the studio is nominated for an Oscar, most of the studio's films are among the best. most profitable in japan. Studio Ghibli animations address very important topics such as ecological themes, wars, depression and others. Most Studio Ghibli films use themes related to Japanese culture and myths.
The idea of creating an animation studio came from Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata in 1974 when the two were working on the production of the anime Heidi Arupusu no Shojo Haiji (アルプスの少女ハイジ) which in Brazil was called "Heidi". In this production, the two friends had noticed that to create a good animation, time is essential and that was what they needed, a medium where deadlines were long and not short, just like the delivery deadlines of anime episodes released weekly. This is how Studio Ghibli was founded by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, Toshio Suzuki and Yasuyoshi Tokuma on June 15, 1985 and in 1992 the construction of a new headquarters located in Koganei, Tokyo was completed.
The first Studio Ghibli film was Tenkû no Shiro Rapyuta (天空の城ラピュタ) which in Brazil was called "The Castle in the Sky" released in 1986 and two years later in 1988 two more films were released simultaneously that were Hotaru no Haka (火垂るの墓) known in Brazil as ”Cemetery of the fireflies” and Tonari no Totoro (となりのトトロ) ”Meu Amigo Totoro”, the other studios were amazed with the quality of the two animations that it is difficult to release two films from the same studio at the same time. at the same time with good quality, but Studio Ghibli made it. Totoro became so popular and charismatic that it became part of the studio's logo.
List of Studio Ghibli films
- 1986 – Castle in the Sky – Fantasy/Action;
- 1988 – Firefly Cemetery – Drama/Drama;
- 1988 – My Friend Totoro – Drama/Fantasy;
- 1989 – Kiki's Delivery Service – Fantasia/Drama;
- 1991 – Memories of Yesterday – Drama/Romance;
- 1992 – Porco Rosso: The Last Romantic Hero – Fantasy/Drama;
- 1993 – I Can Hear the Ocean – Drama/Romance;
- 1994 – Pom Poko – The Great Battle of the Raccoons – Fantasy/Drama;
- 1995 – Whispers of the Heart – Drama/Romance;
- 1997 – Princess Mononoke – Fantasy/Drama;
- 1999 – My neighbors, Os Yamadas – Comedy/Animation;
- 2001 – Spirited Away – Fantasy/Mystery;
- 2002 – The Kingdom of Cats – Fantasy/Drama;
- 2004 – Howl's Moving Castle – Fantasy/Drama;
- 2006 – Tales from Earthsea – Fantasy/Drama;
- 2008 – Ponyo – A Friendship from the Sea – Fantasy/Drama;
- 2010 – Mundo dos Pequenos – Fantasia/Fantasia;
- 2011 – From Kokuriko Hill – Drama/Romance;
- 2013 – Lives on the Wind – Drama/Romance;
- 2013 – The Tale of Princess Kaguya – Fantasy/Drama;
- 2014 – Memories of Marnie – Mystery/Drama;
Currently, Studio Ghibli has a great influence on Japanese culture and commerce. The animation studio has conquered so many fans that the commerce and animations are only growing, a proof of this is the Ghibli Museum that during the year receives more than 650 thousand visitors a year and the trend is that these numbers will only increase.