Vocabulary of Words and Strokes used in Karate


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In this article we will share a list of words related to Karate. A vocabulary with blows and other words that we hear or have to do with sport. I hope you like the article.

This document is from a source where I was unable to identify the author. It is a very popular list that has been spread over the internet. Unfortunately things like kanji and kana, I tried to add.

Vocabulário de palavras e golpes usados no karatê

Main Karate Techniques

  • Age Zuki - upward punch
  • Ashi Barai - creeping
  • Ashi Waza - leg technique
  • Choku Zuki - straight punch
  • Enpi Uchi - elbow strike (HIJI ATE)
  • Fumi Komi Geri - lunge kick down - step
  • Gyaku Zumi - counter punch
  • Hiza Geri - knee
  • Kagi Zuki - hook punch
  • Keri Waza - kicking technique
  • Kizami Zuki - short punch
  • Mae Geri - frontal kick
  • Mawashi Geri - circular kick
  • Mikazuki Geri - rising kick
  • Nami Gaeshi - “wave that returns” - used as defense or attack
  • Nidan Geri - double kick
  • Nukite - spearhead hand
  • Hi Zuki - punch advancing
  • Shuto Uchi - sword hand strike
  • Suri Ashi - short travel; walking little by little
  • Tate Zuki - vertical punch
  • Teisho Uchi - hit with the base of the palm
  • Tettsui Uchi - blow with hammer handle
  • Tobi Geri - kick jumping
  • Tsouki Waza - punch technique
  • Uchi Waza - attack technique
  • Uraken Uchi - blow with the back of the wrist
  • Ushiro Geri - kick back
  • Yoko Geri Kekoge - side kick up
  • Yoko Geri Kekomi - side kick in penetration
  • Yori ashi - long travel

List of words related to Karate

上げAgelifting, lifting
あいはっみAi Hammirelative position of two practitioners, with the same leg in front
合氣Aiki“Harmonic meeting”. When combining opponents' energy with your own, for control.
相打ちAiuchisimultaneous strike
Akared competitor
Tocompetitor in blue
Ashifoot legs
足払いAshi Baraicreeping; sweep with legs
足踏み替えAshi fumikaechange of legs
足ろAshirospinning blow
当身Atemibeat; blow
合わせAwasecombination, join, harmonization
拔塞Bassaikata; break through fortress
Bolong stick
棒術Bojutsustick techniques
木剣Bokkenwooden saber
武士Bushiwarrior (samurai) 
武人BujinTranslated as "the military person" or "the warrior person".
武術Bujutsu“Military Arts”, a collective term for all Japanese arts practiced by Samurai. Real combat techniques.
武家BukeSamurai. Translated as "military person or class".
分解Bunkaistudy of KATA techniques and applications
武士道BushidoSamurai code;
ChiChinese word for vital energy, same as “KI”
中段Chudanintermediate (target) level, from neck to waist
立ちDachiposition of the legs or bases. (Example
Danblack belt level
段外Dangaiall color bands except black
OfSpiritual path of discipline.
道場Dojo (Doujou)where to find the path, training place, gym

Doryokueffort, commitment
演舞前Enbuzenacting line of a kata, diagram of a kata
えんぴEmpielbow, elbow strike / Kata
不動心Fudoshinunshakable state (See Mental Level Themes)
眼科くGankakuCrane on the rock
五箇山Gashoput your hands in front of your face to greet (Zen, Mokuso
下段Gedanlow zone, lower level (target), from waist to foot

Gipractice clothes composed of Uwagi (coat), Zubon (pants) and Obi (sash)

Giakuhand strike bet on the forward leg

Go No Sentake the initiative later, tactic of letting the opnent attack first to counterattack

Godanfifth (5th)

Gohon Kumitework with the opponent, in five steps

Gohonfifth / quintuple

Gojushihofifty-four steps


Gyakuotherwise, inverse

There isbreak (See Mental Level Themes)

Hajimêstart, start

半月Hangetsuhalf Moon

Hakamawide pants worn over Gi like Kyudo, Kendo, Aikido, Iaido, etc.
半身Hanmisemi forward facing position
反対Hantaiturn around
判定Hanteiflagged decision (auxiliary referees vote) of a tied fight
八方Happoeight directions

Harabelly, abdomen

Heian (or Pinan)it means calm mind, peace and tranquility. Heian refers to an important period in Japanese history.

Heijo-shinnaturalness (See Mental Level Themes)
Henkachange (of position)

Henka-Wazachanging techniques or techniques of change


Hidari Waki-gamaeposture to the left side


Hikitê / Hikiashihand pulled to the hip / foot pulled

Hiki-Wakia tie

Hitosuone, one unit


Hodirection, sense, method

Horan-no-kamaestarting position of some katas where the hand covers the closed fist

Ho-shinmental freedom (See Mental Level Themes)



Ichibyoshiin one breath or in one breath

Ikken Hissatsukill with a blow

Imashimururebuke, forbid, repress, contain
Ipponone (point, step, attack)

Ippon kumitework with the opponent with an attack and a defense

Irimientry movement (in the opponent's circle)

Jiku Ashiaxle leg

Jiinlove and protection

Jinkakucharacter, personality

Jionlove and gratitude

Jissenreal fight

Jitsutechnical, opportunity or maturity (See Mental Level Themes)

Jitteten hands or ten techniques


Jiyu Ippon Kumitefree combat (controlled) with only attack

Jiyu Kumitewrestling, controlled combat exercises


Jodanupper level (target), high zone (neck up)

Joseki: upper side, place of honor (in the dojo, the south wall, to the right of the main wall)

Jun Kaitenregular spin

Ju Kumitesmooth combat


Kagi / Kakehook, hook

Kaisho-Wazaopen hand techniques


Kekkiimpetuosity, rapture, violence

Kamaealert or defense position, guard, put yourself in position, posture, base (See Mental Level Themes)

Kamaeteorder to take the position

Kamizamain wall of the Dojo, on the east side, where Tokonoma is located


Kanseiformation, completion, termination, finishing


Kanku-Daicontemplate the universe

Kanku-ShoAiming the universe, observing the universe


Karadabody, same as “Tai”
Karate-DoThe art of empty hands, or the path that contains the universe

Karikomeinvade, penetrate

Kataformal exercises performed in a chained and predetermined manner, representative of a style


Keagefast upward movement


Kekomipenetrating movement
Kensaber, sword / activity condition

Ken No Semtake advantage of the previous initiative

Ken-tai-ishidefense and attack set (See Mental Level Themes)

Keri or Guerikick, kick

Keri-nukeget rid of the enemy with a kick

Kiintrinsic energy, vital energy. "Spirit". Ideally, mental and spiritual power, obtained through concentration and breathing, which can be applied to physical achievements. This centralized energy, inherent in every person, can be amplified and manifested objectively, through the practice of any martial art discipline.

Kiaicry released for the purpose of focusing all energy in a single moment - manifestation of KI / externalization of energy through the cry


Kihonfundamentals, basic techniques

Kimepower focus; finish; completion; union of physical and mental energy at the moment of impact, decision

Kime-Wazadecisive technique

Kosmall, posterior

Kobu-Do (Kobu - Jutsu) Path, or technique of the ancient martial arts of the warriors of Okinawa.

Kohaiyounger practitioner, the opposite of Sempai

Kokorospirit, heart

Kokyubreathing (rhythm), respiratory strength

Kotosuffix that transforms the expression into an order; competition area

Koshi / Goshihip, PE ball


Kunothing, empty, sky



KumiteFight, combat, training where defense and attack techniques are applied

Kuncommandment, obligation

Kuraidegree of virtue (See Mental Level Themes)


Kyofailure (See Mental Level Themes)


Kyushovital points

Kyuband level below black

Maaidistance, correct distance

Motherfront, front

Makicurl up

Makiwaratraditional straw target wrapped in wood fixed to the ground for training the blows with the hands

Makototruth, sincerity, honesty

Mamoruobey, respect, guard, comply, defend

Mawarikomirotate (like a pestle)

Mawashicircular motion


Meikyoclean mirror, soul mirror (See Mental Level Themes)

Me No Tsukekataeye fixation

Metsukehow to look and observe (See Mental Level Themes)


MidaleKarate training method consisting of strokes


Migi Waki-gamaeright side position


Mitsu-no-kokithree chances (See Mental Level Themes)

Mokuso: literallyDo not think; concentration attitude performed during the ceremonial beginning and end of Budo practice, meditation


Moroashi-garitwo-leg sweep

Moroteboth hands

Moto in ichistarting position

MuThe concept of total denial of everything that seems to exist (Maya), analogous to Shunya's of Buddhist philosophy.

Munemextreme emptiness in intention (See Mental Level Themes)

Munen Musofree of all ideas and thoughts

Mushinstate of integration between the mind and the body in which the mind is free from illusions (unnecessary thoughts)

Mussoextreme emptiness in thought (See Mental Level Themes)

Nanandanseventh (7th)

Nidansecond (2nd)

Nage Wazaprojection techniques


Nihonsecond / double

Nijushiho24 steps

Nobashiextension, stretching



Nukiteattack with your fingertips


Histrike with the same hand as the forward leg

Omonzururespect, have a lot of consideration in, appreciate, esteem, venerate. honor



Otagai-ni-reimutual greeting

Otoshitop-down movement

PinanSee Heian

Randorifree combat

Kinggreet, greeting

Reigietiquette, courtesy, civility, good education, respect

Renzoku Wazacontinuous techniques

Laughexpansion (See Mental Level Themes)

Ritsu-reistanding greeting


Ryuschool style


Leavestrident-shaped weapon from Okinawa

SamuraiJapanese warrior faithful to codes of honors and conduct

Sambon-kumitecombat in three attacks

San-satsuhostrategy (See Mental Level Themes)

Sanbonthird / triple

Sandanthird (3rd)

Sasaesustain, support

SatoriPerfection. Openness of mind and spirit, resulting from the accumulation of knowledge, intuitive understanding, or sudden experience that reveals the ultimate reality of beings and things, as well as total identity with oneself and the universe.

Knowtranquility, inactivity

Seishinspirit, soul, will, intention, mentality

Seizacorrect way to sit, sit in the kneeling position

No No Notake the initiative before

Without fathermost senior student, oldest


Senseiteacher; master

Sensei-ni-reigreeting to the teacher

Sensei-ni-tashi-reigreeting towards the teacher

Shihanhigh grade teacher

Shihofour directions

Shikkowalking in the kneeling position


Shimozawest wall of the dojo, opposite the kamiza, where students sit

Shimozekinorth wall of the Dojo, where non-practicing assistants can stay

Shirowhite competitor, still used in FPKI and CBKI competitions

Shi-shinimprisonment (See Mental Level Themes)

Shissuiclean water (See Mental Level Themes)

Shizen Kumitekumite natura

Shizentainatural position - body remains relaxed more alert, standing


Shointerior, small, private

Shobu-Zuyosasnatch victory from the clutches of defeat

Shodanfirst (1st)


Shomen-ni-reigreeting to the main wall of the Dojo

Shoteiblow with the palm of the hand

Shudefense (See Mental Level Themes)

Shutoopen-hand stroke using the side of the little finger hand

Sochinunshakable spirit

Sokutotoe saber, little toe side



Sun-Domeinterrupting a technique, stopping a technique

SutemiAbandonment of the body, techniques in which the performer falls

TaiBody, same, same as “karada”, alertness

Tai-No Senevaluation of the subsequent initiative

Tai Sabakidodge

Tachikataposition, posture



TekkiIron knight. Fighting aside. Ride a horse


Tchudanmiddle zone

To:far, far

Tobijumping, bouncing hit


Tokui-Wazastronger technique

I took youcombat techniques from the island of Tomari (Okinawa)


Toriwhat attacks, what performs

Tsukidirect hit, punch


Tsutomurustrive, strive, try hard

Uchiindirect blow, inside, interior

Udearm, forearm

Ukedefense, block

Ukemifall, winding

Unsoseparating the clouds

Uramovement performed by turning; opponent's back

Ushiroback, back, back

WaPeace, harmony.

WankanKing's crown


Waza O Hodokosu Kokipsychological time to perform a technique

Wakibaraside of the chest

Yakosokucombined, without resistance


Yashinaufeed, sustain, maintain, create

Yasumeorder to relax

Yoiprepare, waiting position, ready to work, order of attention

Yori-ashislips of the feet (as an example the advancement of a kizame-zuki)

Yokolateral, sideways

Yonbonroom / quadruple

Yondanfourth (4th)

Yuvigor, courage

油断者Yudanshagraduated practitioner; black belt (any grade)
斬新Zanshinmental / spiritual reserve state, warrior spirit, concentrated
座礼Za-reiseated greeting, seiza greeting
前方Zenpotowards the front
Zenfront, Japanese discipline, a stream of Buddhism