Have you ever thought about visiting the place where an atomic bomb fell? Hiroshima, a city devastated in the second world war, has become a great tourist spot with a beautiful Peace Memorial Museum and Park. In this article we will know some details about this park and museum in the city of Hiroshima that has turned from ashes into a beautiful city .
O Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, in Japan, was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996. In the Park you will find the famous atomic bomb dome (genbaku dome), a building that survived the bomb. In addition, the park is full of monuments and a peace museum where you can travel back in time.
The ruin serves as a memorial for people who were killed in the atomic bombing on August 6, 1945. More than 70,000 people died instantly and another 70,000 suffered fatal radiation injuries.
Bombs at dawn in Hiroshima
At 8:15 am on August 6, 1945, Little boy, the first atomic bomb, was used in the war. She was released by the United States Army Air Forces from a B-29 bomber. The force of the atomic bomb effectively eliminated the city of Hiroshima, Japan.
Within 43 seconds of falling, Little Boy detonated the city, missed his target by 240 meters. Aimed at the Aioi Bridge, the bomb exploded directly over Shima Hospital, which was very close to the Genbaku Dome. As the explosion was almost directly overhead, the building was able to maintain its shape. The building's vertical columns were able to withstand the vertical force of the explosion, and parts of the exterior concrete and brick walls remained intact.
The center of the explosion occurred 150 meters horizontally and 600 meters vertically from the Dome. Everyone inside the building was killed instantly. In December 1996, the Genbaku Summit was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List, based on the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Its inclusion in the UNESCO list was based on its survival from a destructive force (atomic bomb), the first use of nuclear weapons in a human population and its representation as a symbol of peace. The dome was originally built in 1915 by the theco Jan Letzel, where it was the Hiroshima Prefecture Commercial Exhibition.
The statue and legend of the tsuru
A Child named Sadako Sasaki was hit by a radioactive rain from the Hiroshima atomic bomb, which resulted in leukemia. On August 3, 1955, Chizuko Hamamoto, Sadako's friend, visited her at the hospital and made her a origami of a Tsuru.
Her friend told her a Japanese legend where anyone who makes a thousand origami Tsurus is entitled to a wish granted by the gods. Sadako started doing Tsurus every day with the desire to heal and return to life and also asked for peace from humanity.
Sadako managed to make 646 Tsurus out of paper and after his death, his friends made another 354 to reach 1000. Sadako died on October 15, 1955, his friends erected a monument in his memory. In the Peace Memorial park you find written on the monument: “This is our cry, this is our prayer. Peace on earth!". This legend and history touched and reached the whole world!
Throughout the year you will find several people visiting this monument in their memory and carrying various tsuru origami. This statue was made not only in memory of Sadako but for all children who died as a result of the atomic bomb.
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum
Despite all the sadness at the deaths of so many people, the reconstruction of Hiroshima City is impressive. The Museum gives us to understand the total devastation that occurred with the atomic bomb. You find objects and belongings of people hit by the bombs and even the pieces and the shell of the bomb.
In addition, the museum offers an accessory for you to accompany, through audio in Portuguese, all objects of the museum. The museum also has other exhibitions, 3D films, testimonials from survivors and photos of the event. The scenes are strong and cause a lump in the throat, so be prepared.
In addition to the photographic records, there are debris, models and explanations about the bomb and the effects of radiation on the human body. The various recordings are personal accounts of survivors, stories of the victims in detail with name, surname, age, where he was at the time of the explosion and the complications that happened.
Other points of the Peace Memorial Park
In addition to the dome, main museum and statue of the children mentioned in this article, there are numerous monuments and scriptures in memory of those who died as a result of the atomic bomb. There is a monument that contains the ashes of more than 70 thousand unidentified dead.
The park reflects all the effort to restart the city and its deep respect for the mown lives and lessons of the tragedy. The purpose of this Park is to remember the horrors that cause the atomic bomb so that this will never be repeated, in addition to a memorial to the victims of this war that number more than 166,000 people.
The park is full of gardens, sculptures, tombs and small memorial buildings that concentrate the memory of one of the fateful dates in the History of the World. The park also has some cenotaphs, the flame of peace, the gates of peace and the bells of peace. On the morning of August 6, the lantern ceremony is held on the Motoyasu River.
The Hiroshima Peace Park Rest House is another bombed out building located in the park. The Taishoya Kimono Store originally operated there in March 1929. The only thing that survived was the basement and a 47-year-old man.
When visiting Hiroshima you must know this memorial park of peace and its beautiful museum. It is incredible to see the recovery of the city and to be moved by all the events recorded. Have you ever had a chance to visit Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park? What was your experience? We appreciate comments and shares.