With the information that the visa for yonseis will begin to be released in July and that proof of proficiency (N4 - basic level) will be needed, many begin to rush to study for the JLPT exam which will also take place in July. That said, the question remains: How much of the Japanese language is possible to learn in three months?
Level 4: 1,500 words and 300 kanji, you need to study more than 400 hours
Understanding the above information: Level 4 (N4) is reached when you have mastered the basics of the language - that is, when you have mastered hiragana and katakana, vocabularies and are able to deal with everyday situations.
400 hours of study: It is the estimated number of time to deal with all possibilities of confusion and doubts involving the basics of the language - that is, doubts about which kanji to use, how to spell a certain word or why not to use pronouns in certain conversations. If you study with planning and commitment, in 400 hours you can master the basics of the language.
One day has 24 hours. A person generally needs 6 - 8 hours of sleep a night. Therefore, that person's day still has 16 hours. The workload in Brazil allows only 44 hours a week, let's consider: Monday to Friday - 5 days a week 8 hours a day. That person still has 8 hours left on his day. Considering: meals, trips to the bathroom, stops to drink water and that time to think and breathe - about 3 will go; 3.5 hours. With those 5.5 hours left, if the person activates and practices his willpower to study the Japanese language, intelligently and efficiently, in about 72 days (2 months and 2 weeks), he can master the basic language.
What to do after Hiragana
Once hiragana and katakana have been learned, the person is able to start reading Japanese, even if in a limited way. From there, it is possible to start learning, for example: name of colors, animals, objects etc. Even words that are usually written using kanji can be written with hiragana and katakana. Why do Japanese people use kanji then, you may be wondering, and the answer is simple: understanding.
During a conversation, it is not difficult to understand its context or to what meaning the word is referring to. However, in a written conversation, whether by letter or WhatsApp for example, this would not always be possible. The meaning of written communication is exactly to seek the best way to communicate something that cannot be explained in person.
That said, kanji that are ideograms serve to end the 'double meaning' of some words, which if they were written only with hiragana and katakana could generate confusion, but which are easily understood through the kanjis that were used to write them. them.
Is it possible to learn Japanese in 3 months?
So if you learn the 300 kanji that are required at the basic level and their applications, pronunciations and meanings, you will have a vocabulary of about 1500 words.
Taking all this into account, it is possible to reach the following conclusion: If you study for 5.5 hours every day, in a structured way and with good material, at the end of those 3 months you will have studied for 495 hours, which is much more than is understood to be necessary to master the basics of the language.
Assuming that not everyone would use the remaining 5.5 hours in their day, and then deducting that the person studied for 3 hours every day, they would reach the 270 hour study mark, which is equivalent to (2/3) two thirds of the recommended time.
With good materials and dedication the chances of passing the JLPT test and getting the certificate are very high. Ultimately, everything will only depend on you.