Do you know what Neet and Freeter mean? Meet a group of young people without a steady job who live informally or are supported by their parents. In this short article, we are going to talk a little about these young people.
Neet in Japanese “ニート – Niito” is an abbreviation that means “not in education, not employed, not training” refers to those who are not studying, working or training. But the question arises: how do they sustain themselves? The answer: They are funded by their parents.
For a long time Japan was known as a country without major social and economic differences, employment was for life. This scenario has changed dramatically. Since 2001, more wealthy people have emerged in Japan and more than 1 million Japanese no longer have to worry about monthly expenses.
Neet types: The lazy person who only thinks about having fun, the recluse who does not communicate with society and isolates himself at home, there is still the undecided person who does not choose what to do and the insecure person who, after losing his first job, loses his self-esteem and gives up.
Hayashi, a 25-year-old could not work, he felt bad about leaving home and seeing so many people working while he was doing nothing, and at home his father avoided him.
He wondered: Why can't I work? when he saw on a TV show that there were people like him, he went to seek psychological counseling alone, but things only changed when he joined an NGO as a volunteer. Now his dream is to work and raise a family.
Freeter in Japanese フリーター furītā is derived from the English word “free” (freedom) and the German “arbeiter” (temporary employment). It refers to a generation of informal workers considered rebellious by their elders for jumping from one job to another. The so-called furītā prefer to go through various temporary jobs while enjoying life before signing a contract and starting a family.
Fries types: The discouraged are those who have concluded or interrupted their studies and do not see any prospects for the future, there are also dreamers who prefer to work odd jobs until they achieve the dreamed career of an actor, musician or even open their own business and there are also those without a job who want a job fixed but they can't.
As a result, those people who choose not to be part of the Japanese working society end up having difficulties starting their own home, difficulties starting a career, and lack health and pension benefits. Living with the country these people end up with no freedom of choice, and still affect Japanese society and economy.
About 10% of school and university graduates cannot get a steady job, and 50% of people who do get a job, end up leaving within 3 years. It is estimated that there are over 10 million freeters in Japan today.
This article was written by SouzaJpop based on issue nº111 of the magazine madeinjapan by the publisher JBC.