Finance in Korean: Essential Vocabulary for Investing in the Korean Market

If you are interested in investments, personal finance or the financial market in South Korea, it is important to have a basic understanding of financial vocabulary in the Korean language. In this article, we have listed a number of Korean words related to Korea's financial niche. These words are essential for understanding financial news, investment reports and documents related to the Korean financial market.

Financial vocabulary is essential for anyone working in the financial industry, as well as anyone studying finance or accounting. This list covers several subtopics within the financial niche, including accounting, investing, banking and personal finance, financial markets, and financial statements.

Each sub-topic is accompanied by a list of Korean words and phrases that are commonly used in the respective area.

We hope this list will help those who are studying or working in the financial field in Korean, as well as those who are just starting to learn the language and want to expand their vocabulary.

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Finance in Korean: Essential Vocabulary for Investing in the Korean Market

accounting in korean

Accounting is an essential area for the financial management of a company. It involves organizing and recording financial transactions, creating financial reports and providing useful information for making financial decisions.

The accounting related Korean vocabulary list includes important keywords used in daily accounting.

  • 회계 (hoe-gye) - Accounting
  • 재무 (jae-mu) - finance
  • 자산 (ja-san) - Active
  • 부채 (bu-chae) - Liabilities
  • 순자산 (sun-ja-san) - Net worth
  • 수익 (su-ig) - Revenue
  • 비용 (bi-yong) - Expense
  • 이익 (i-ig) - Profit
  • 손실 (son-sil) - Prejudice
  • 재고 (jae-go) - Inventory
  • 자본 (ja-bon) - capital
  • 부채비율 (bu-chae-bi-yul) - debt ratio
  • 차입금 (cha-ib-geum) - Loan
  • 상환 (sang-hwan) - debt payment
  • 세금 (se-geum) - Tax
  • 회계기록 (hoe-gye-gi-rok) - accounting record
  • 원가 (won-ga) - Cost
  • 계정 (gye-jeong) - Account
  • 재무제표 (jae-mu-je-pyo) - financial statement
  • 지출 (ji-chul) - Expense (expenses)
  • 채권 (chae-gwon) - Debt (obligation)
  • 지분 (ji-bun) - shareholding
  • 자산회전율 (ja-san-hoe-jeon-yul) - Asset turnover ratio
  • 금융비율 (geum-yung-bi-yul) - financial index
  • 주식 (ju-sik) - Action (in a company)
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Investing in Korean

Investments are an important part of personal and business financial planning. The objective of the investment is to obtain a long-term financial return.

The investment-related Korean vocabulary list includes words used in portfolio management, risk analysis, and investment decision making.

  • 투자 (tu-ja) - Investment
  • 주식 (ju-sik) - Action (in a company)
  • 증권 (jeung-gwon) - securities
  • 포트폴리오 (poteu-polio) - portfolio
  • 배당 (baedang) - dividends
  • 주식시장 (ju-sik-sijang) - Stock market
  • 증시 (jeung-si) - Stock market
  • 주가 (ju-ga) - share price
  • 주가지수 (ju-ga-ji-su) - stock price index
  • 펀드 (peon-deu) - Investment fund
  • 투자수익률 (tu-ja-su-ig-ryul) - Investment return rate
  • 리스크 (ri-seu-keu) - Risk
  • 적자 (jeok-ja) - Prejudice
  • 투자자산 (tu-ja-ja-san) - investment assets
  • 증거금 (jeung-geo-geum) - guarantee margin
  • 레버리지 (le-beo-ri-ji) - leverage
  • 거래비용 (geo-rae-bi-yong) - trading cost
  • 수익률 (su-ig-ryul) - Return rate
  • 자금 (ja-geum) - capital
  • 가치평가 (ga-chi-pyeong-ga) - value assessment
  • 투자전략 (tu-ja-jeon-raeg) - investment strategy
  • 주식매수 (ju-sik-mae-su) - stock purchase
  • 주식매도 (ju-sik-mae-do) - sale of shares
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Banking and Personal Finance in Korean

Banking and personal finance are important areas of personal financial management. They involve the management of bank accounts, loans, investments, budgets and other financial aspects of daily life.

The Korean vocabulary list related to banking and personal finance includes important words used in banking and personal finance management.

  • 은행 (eunhaeng) - Bank
  • 계좌 (gye-jwa) - Bank account
  • 예금 (ye-geum) - Deposit
  • 대출 (dae-chul) - Loan
  • 이자 (i-ja) - Fees
  • 상환 (sang-hwan) - debt payment
  • 금리 (geum-ri) - Interest rate
  • 보험 (bo-heom) - Safe
  • 보험료 (bo-heom-ryo) - insurance premium
  • 적금 (jeok-geum) - Savings
  • 신용카드 (sin-yong-ka-deu) - credit card
  • 현금카드 (hyeon-geum-ka-deu) - Debit card
  • 이체 (i-che) - Money transfer
  • 환전 (hwan-jeon) - currency exchange
  • 자산 (ja-san) - Active
  • 부채 (bu-chae) - Liabilities
  • 수입 (su-ib) - Income
  • 지출 (ji-chul) - Expense (expenses)
  • 예산 (ye-san) - Budget
  • 저축 (jeo-chuk) - Economy (savings)
  • 신용등급 (sin-yong-deung-geub) - credit rating
  • 상담 (sang-dam) - Consultation (financial advice)
  • 세금 (se-geum) - Tax
  • 자산관리 (ja-san-gwan-ri) - wealth management

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Financial Market in Korean

The financial market is where investors buy and sell bonds, stocks and other financial assets. It plays an important role in financing businesses and the economy in general.

The Korean vocabulary list related to the financial market includes important keywords used in stock and bond trading, as well as other aspects of the financial market.

  • 증권 (jeung-gwon) - securities
  • 주식 (ju-sik) - Action (in a company)
  • 증시 (jeung-si) - Stock market
  • 주가 (ju-ga) - share price
  • 주가지수 (ju-ga-ji-su) - stock price index
  • 선물 (seon-mul) - futures contract
  • 옵션 (op-syeon) - Option
  • 선물옵션 (seon-mul-op-syeon) - future and option
  • 파생상품 (pa-saeng-sang-pum) - Derivatives
  • 코스피 (ko-seu-pi) - korea stock index
  • 코스닥 (ko-seu-dak) - Korea Tech Stock Index
  • 외환 (oe-hwan) - foreign currency exchange
  • 환율 (hwan-yul) - Exchange rate
  • 금융상품 (geum-yung-sang-pum) - financial products
  • 투자 (tu-ja) - Investment
  • 투자자 (tu-ja-ja) - Investor
  • 수익률 (su-ig-ryul) - Return rate
  • 이자율 (i-ja-yul) - Interest rate
  • 선물거래 (seon-mul-geo-rae) - futures trading
  • 증권거래 (jeung-gwon-geo-rae) - securities trading
  • 외환시장 (oe-hwan-si-jang) - foreign exchange market

Financial Statements in Korean

Financial statements are accounting reports that provide information about the financial health of a company. They include a number of reports, such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow, which are used to evaluate a company's financial performance.

These reports help to understand the current financial position of the company and help in making financial decisions. The Korean vocabulary list related to financial statements includes important keywords used in the preparation and analysis of these accounting reports.

  • 재무제표 (jae-mu-je-pyo) - financial statements
  • 자본변동표 (ja-bon-byeon-dong-pyo) - Statement of changes in equity
  • 현금흐름표 (hyeon-geum-heu-reum-pyo) - Statement of cash flows
  • 기타수익 (gi-ta-su-ik) - Other recipes
  • 기타비용 (gi-ta-bi-yong) - Other expenses
  • 분기 보고서 (bun-gi bo-go-seo) - Quarterly report
  • 반기 보고서 (ban-gi bo-go-seo) - half-yearly report
  • 사업보고서 (sa-eop bo-go-seo) - Annual report
  • 세탁화폐 (se-tak-hwa-pye) - Money laundry
  • 합리적 추정 (hap-ri-jeok chu-jeong) - reasonable estimate
  • 투명성 (tu-myeong-seong) - Transparency
  • 자산감소세 (ja-san-gam-so-se) - capital gain tax
  • 비용 분류 (bi-yong bun-ryu) - Classification of expenses
  • 적정 가치 (jeok-jeong ga-chi) - Fair value
  • 자산 유동성 (ja-san yu-dong-seong) - Asset liquidity
  • 부채 지급 능력 (bu-chae ji-geup neung-ryeok) - Ability to pay liabilities
  • 유동 비율 (yu-dong bi-ryul) - liquidity index
  • 재고 회전율 (jae-go hoe-jeon-yul) - Inventory rotation index
  • 자본 수익률 (ja-bon su-ik-ryul) - return on equity
  • 이익 분배 (i-ik bun-bae) - profit sharing
  • 주당 순이익 (ju-dang sun-i-ik) - Earnings per share
  • 이자 지급 (i-ja ji-geup) - interest payment

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