Days of the week, months and year in Korean

Announcement

Have you ever wondered how you speak the days of the week in Korean? Or rather, how do the months and years speak? In this article, we’ll talk about the days, months and years in the Korean language and how they resemble the Japanese.

The days of the week in Korean

As in Japanese and Chinese, the days of the week in Korean use elements of nature. Nothing different from the West, since here we use the names of the planets and mythological entities that are equivalent to the same elements of the days of the week in the East.

The point is that even the pronunciation of the days of the week in Korean is equivalent to Japanese. See below how to write and speak the days in the Korean language:

Announcement
Day of the weekHangulPronunciationElement
Sunday일요일ir.yo.il일 (日 nichi) - sun, day
Monday월요일weor.yo.il월 (月 getsu) - moon
Tuesday화요일hwa.yo.il화 (火 ka) - fire
Wednesday수요일su.yo.il수 (水 sui) - water
Thursday목요일mog.yo.il목 (木 moku) - tree, wood
Friday금요일keum.yo.il금 (金 kin) - gold
Saturday토요일tho.yo.il토 (土 do) - earth

Notice the similarity between mogyoil from Korean and mokuyobi in Japanese. Even the closure is similar, probably the same similarities that we have in the languages originated from Latin. I believe that both have Chinese roots.

Korean calendars usually show only the element in question, see below:

SUNMONTUEWEDTHUFRISAT
일 - sun월 - moon화 - fire수 - water목 - wood금 - gold토 - earth
Dias das semana, meses e ano em coreano

The days of the month in Korean

To speak day one, day two and so on in Korean, we use the number + suffix il [일] which literally means day.

Day + NumberHangul [일]Pronunciation
1일일ir.il
2이일i.il
3삼일sam.il
4사일sa.il
5오일o.il
6육일yug.il
7칠일chir.il
8팔일phar.il
9구일ku.il
10십일shib.il
11십일일shib.ir.il
12십이일shib.i.il
13십삼일ship.sam.il
14십사일ship.sa.il
15십오일shib.o.il
16십육일shim.nyug.il
17십칠일ship.chir.il
18십팔일ship.phar.il
19십구일ship.ku.il
20이십일o.shib.il
21이십일일i.shib.ir.il
22이십이일i.shib.i.il
23이십삼일i.ship.sam.il
24이십사일i.ship.sa.il
25이십오일i.shib.o.il
26이십육일i.shib.yug.il
27이십칠일i.ship.chir.il
28이십팔일i.ship.phar.il
29이십구일i.ship.ku.il
30삼십일sam.shib.il
31삼십일일sam.shib.ir.il

Years and Months in Korean

To form the years we also use numbers in Roman or Hangul followed by the suffix nyeon [년]. We are not going to put a table here because there are thousands of years. For example, 2020 in Korean is 2020 년 or 이천 이십년.

Just like in the Japanese language, in Korean we don't have January, February and so on, just the number followed by the suffix that means month. In this case, the suffix that means month is weol [월]. See a table with the months in the Korean language below:

Announcement
MonthsHangul [월]Pronunciation
1일월ir.weol
2이월i.weol
3삼월sam.weol
4사월sa.weol
5오월o.weol
6유월yu.weol
7칠월chir.weol
8팔월phar.weol
9구월ku.weol
10시월shi.weol
11십일월shib.ir.weol
12십이월shib.i.weol

Both the days of the month and the months can also be written with Roman numbers followed by the suffix that represents the day or month. In the same way that in Japanese we write 10 日 or 6 月.

Korean traditional calendar

There is also a traditional calendar based on the signs of the Chinese zodiac. See the Korean monthly calendar below:

TranslationHangulPronunciation
1Tiger Month호랑이 달Horangidal
1Primary month정월 (正月)Jeong-wol
2rabbit month토끼 달Tokkidal
3Dragon Month용달Yongdal
4snake Month뱀달Baemdal
5horse Month말달Maldal
6goat Month양달Yangdal
7monkey month원승 이달Wonseung-Idal
8rooster Month닭달Dakdal
9Dog Month개달Gaedal
10Pig Month돼지 달Dwaejidal
11Rat Month쥐달Jwidal
11Winter Solstice Month동짓달Dongjitdal
12Ox Month소달Sodal
12Ox Month섣달Seotdal
Dias das semana, meses e ano em coreano

Korean related words with calendar

PortugueseKoreanPronunciation
last year작년jagnyeon
next year내년naenyeon
Calendar달력dallyeok
daynal
two days이틀iteul
in my entire life평생 (동안)pyeongsaeng (dong-an)
this week이번 주ibeon ju
this year올해look and
this month이번 달ibeon dal
month개월gaewol
monthdal
last month지난 달jinan dal
New Year새해saehae
for, during, while동안dong-an
next week다음 주da-eum ju
next month다음 달da-eum dal
last week지난 주jinan ju
three days사흘saheul
one day하루halu

Korean New Year vocabulary

MeaningHangulPronunciation
The first day원일Wonil
The first morning원단Wondan
The first morning원조Wonjo
The first month원정Wonjeong
The first new원신Wonsin
On the morning of the first month정조Jeongjo
The head of the year세수Sesu
The head of the year연두Yeondu
The head of the year연수Yeonsu
The beginning of the year세초Dry
The beginning of the year연시Yeonsi

Korean Age Names

In addition, we’ll leave you a calendar of ages in Korean to help you understand Korean history.

Korean era nameEmperor MingHangulMeaningPeriodJoseon king (s)
HongmuHongwu Emperor홍무Vast martiality1392 - 1398Taejo, Jeongjong
GeonmunEmperor Jianwen건문establish civility1399 - 1402Jeongjong, Taejong
YeongrakYongle영락perpetual happiness1402 - 1424Taejong, Sejong
HonghuiHongxi Emperor홍희vast brightness1425Sejong
Seondeokxuande선덕Proclamation of virtue1426 - 1435Sejong
JeongtongZhengtong Emperor정통Governance rectification1436 - 1449Sejong
GyeongtaeJingtai Emperor경태exalted vision1450 - 1457Sejong, Munjong, Danjong, Sejo
CheonsunZhengtong Emperor천순Obedience to Heaven1457 - 1464Sejo
SeonghwaChenghua Emperor성화Change made1465 - 1487Sejo, Yejong, Seongjong
HongchiEmperor Hongzhi홍치great government1488 - 1505Seongjong, Yeonsangun
JeongdeokEmperor Zhengde정덕Rectification of virtue1506 - 1521Yeonsangun, Jungjong
Gajeongjiajing가정admirable tranquility1522 - 1567Jungjong, Injong, Myeongjong, Seonjo
YunggyeongLongqing Emperor융경great celebration1568 - 1572Seonjo
MallyeokWanli Emperor만력Ten thousand calendars1573 - 1620Seonjo, Gwanghaegun
CheongyeTianqi Emperor천계Heavenly opening1621 - 1627Gwanghaegun, Injo
SungjeongEmperor Chongzhen숭정Honored and auspicious1627 - 1637Injo