Days of the week, months and year in Korean

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Have you ever wondered how you speak the days of the week in Korean? Or rather, how do the months and years speak? In this article, we’ll talk about the days, months and years in the Korean language and how they resemble the Japanese.

The days of the week in Korean

As in Japanese and Chinese, the days of the week in Korean use elements of nature. Nothing different from the West, since here we use the names of the planets and mythological entities that are equivalent to the same elements of the days of the week in the East.

The point is that even the pronunciation of the days of the week in Korean is equivalent to Japanese. See below how to write and speak the days in the Korean language:

Responsive Table: Roll the table sideways with your finger >>
Day of the weekHangulPronunciationElementSunday일요일ir.yo.il일 (日 nichi) - sun, dayMonday월요일weor.yo.il월 (月 getsu) - moonTuesday화요일hwa.yo.il화 (火 ka) - fireWednesday수요일su.yo.il수 (水 sui) - waterThursday목요일mog.yo.il목 (木 moku) - tree, woodFriday금요일keum.yo.il금 (金 kin) - goldSaturday토요일tho.yo.il토 (土 do) - earth

Notice the similarity between mogyoil from Korean and mokuyobi in Japanese. Even the closure is similar, probably the same similarities that we have in the languages originated from Latin. I believe that both have Chinese roots.

Korean calendars usually show only the element in question, see below:

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SUNMONTUEWEDTHUFRISAT일 - sun월 - moon화 - fire수 - water목 - wood금 - gold토 - earth
Days of the week, months and year in Korean

The days of the month in Korean

To speak day one, day two and so on in Korean, we use the number + suffix il [일] which literally means day.

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Day + NumberHangul [일]Pronunciation1일일ir.il2이일i.il3삼일sam.il4사일sa.il5오일o.il6육일yug.il7칠일chir.il8팔일phar.il9구일ku.il10십일shib.il11십일일shib.ir.il12십이일shib.i.il13십삼일ship.sam.il14십사일ship.sa.il15십오일shib.o.il16십육일shim.nyug.il17십칠일ship.chir.il18십팔일ship.phar.il19십구일ship.ku.il20이십일o.shib.il21이십일일i.shib.ir.il22이십이일i.shib.i.il23이십삼일i.ship.sam.il24이십사일i.ship.sa.il25이십오일i.shib.o.il26이십육일i.shib.yug.il27이십칠일i.ship.chir.il28이십팔일i.ship.phar.il29이십구일i.ship.ku.il30삼십일sam.shib.il31삼십일일sam.shib.ir.il

Years and Months in Korean

To form the years we also use numbers in Roman or Hangul followed by the suffix nyeon [년]. We are not going to put a table here because there are thousands of years. For example, 2020 in Korean is 2020 년 or 이천 이십년.

Just like in the Japanese language, in Korean we don't have January, February and so on, just the number followed by the suffix that means month. In this case, the suffix that means month is weol [월]. See a table with the months in the Korean language below:

Responsive Table: Roll the table sideways with your finger >>
MonthsHangul [월]Pronunciation1일월ir.weol2이월i.weol3삼월sam.weol4사월sa.weol5오월o.weol6유월yu.weol7칠월chir.weol8팔월phar.weol9구월ku.weol10시월shi.weol11십일월shib.ir.weol12십이월shib.i.weol

Both the days of the month and the months can also be written with Roman numbers followed by the suffix that represents the day or month. In the same way that in Japanese we write 10 日 or 6 月.

Korean traditional calendar

There is also a traditional calendar based on the signs of the Chinese zodiac. See the Korean monthly calendar below:

Responsive Table: Roll the table sideways with your finger >>
TranslationHangulPronunciation1Tiger Month호랑이 달Horangidal1Primary month정월 (正月)Jeong-wol2rabbit month토끼 달Tokkidal3Dragon Month용달Yongdal4snake Month뱀달Baemdal5horse Month말달Maldal6goat Month양달Yangdal7monkey month원승 이달Wonseung-Idal8rooster Month닭달Dakdal9Dog Month개달Gaedal10Pig Month돼지 달Dwaejidal11Rat Month쥐달Jwidal11Winter Solstice Month동짓달Dongjitdal12Ox Month소달Sodal12Ox Month섣달Seotdal
Days of the week, months and year in Korean

Korean related words with calendar

Responsive Table: Roll the table sideways with your finger >>
EnglishKoreanPronunciationlast year작년jagnyeonnext year내년naenyeonCalendar달력dallyeokdaynaltwo days이틀iteulin my entire life평생 (동안)pyeongsaeng (dong-an)this week이번 주ibeon juthis year올해look andthis month이번 달ibeon dalmonth개월gaewolmonthdallast month지난 달jinan dalNew Year새해saehaefor, during, while동안dong-annext week다음 주da-eum junext month다음 달da-eum dallast week지난 주jinan juthree days사흘saheulone day하루halu

Korean New Year vocabulary

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MeaningHangulPronunciationThe first day원일WonilThe first morning원단WondanThe first morning원조WonjoThe first month원정WonjeongThe first new원신WonsinOn the morning of the first month정조JeongjoThe head of the year세수SesuThe head of the year연두YeonduThe head of the year연수YeonsuThe beginning of the year세초DryThe beginning of the year연시Yeonsi

Korean Age Names

In addition, we’ll leave you a calendar of ages in Korean to help you understand Korean history.

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Korean era nameEmperor MingHangulMeaningPeriodJoseon king (s)HongmuHongwu Emperor홍무Vast martiality1392 - 1398Taejo, JeongjongGeonmunEmperor Jianwen건문establish civility1399 - 1402Jeongjong, TaejongYeongrakYongle영락perpetual happiness1402 - 1424Taejong, SejongHonghuiHongxi Emperor홍희vast brightness1425SejongSeondeokxuande선덕Proclamation of virtue1426 - 1435SejongJeongtongZhengtong Emperor정통Governance rectification1436 - 1449SejongGyeongtaeJingtai Emperor경태exalted vision1450 - 1457Sejong, Munjong, Danjong, SejoCheonsunZhengtong Emperor천순Obedience to Heaven1457 - 1464SejoSeonghwaChenghua Emperor성화Change made1465 - 1487Sejo, Yejong, SeongjongHongchiEmperor Hongzhi홍치great government1488 - 1505Seongjong, YeonsangunJeongdeokEmperor Zhengde정덕Rectification of virtue1506 - 1521Yeonsangun, JungjongGajeongjiajing가정admirable tranquility1522 - 1567Jungjong, Injong, Myeongjong, SeonjoYunggyeongLongqing Emperor융경great celebration1568 - 1572SeonjoMallyeokWanli Emperor만력Ten thousand calendars1573 - 1620Seonjo, GwanghaegunCheongyeTianqi Emperor천계Heavenly opening1621 - 1627Gwanghaegun, InjoSungjeongEmperor Chongzhen숭정Honored and auspicious1627 - 1637Injo

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