Citrus fruits from Japan - Yuzu, Kinkan, Daidan and Sudachi

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There are many Japanese fruits that you don't know like Yuzu, Kinkan, Daidan, Sudachi and others. In this article we will talk about these citrus fruits unknown and grown in Japan.

Citrus fruits are my favorites. In Japan you can easily find lemon, orange and tangerine, often of Japanese variety that can vary in size and flavor. Sometimes sweet or sometimes sour.

Yuzu - Japanese Lemon

Yuzu [柚] is a bitter Japanese citrus fruit, being the most well-known Japanese fruit in the West. Yuzu is rarely consumed because it is very bitter, but it is widely used in Japanese cuisine, juices and drinks.

Its origin is Chinese, but ended up being labeled as a Japanese fruit. In addition to its strong flavor, it is also a strong flavoring, used to perfum dishes whether open or grated. It is not very acidic and resembles a mixture of lemon and tangerine.

Frutas cítricas do japão - yuzu, kinkan, daidan e sudachi

It is worth mentioning other fruits such as kabosu, Shikwasa which is very similar to Yuzo. There are also other sour fruits like “ume” and plums. You may want to know more about the Japanese language fruits.

mikan - Japanese tangerine

Mikan [みかん] is the most common type of Japanese tangerine, commonly known as kan (other varieties are iyokan and ponkan). Mikan peels easily and has no seeds and is widely popular as a dessert or snack when they are in season in early winter.

THE Mikan was introduced in Japan about 400 years ago, where in the west it is known as tangerine. This is one of the few Japanese fruits that are exported abroad. There are differences in taste compared to other tangerines found in Brazil.

Frutas cítricas do japão – yuzu, kinkan, daidan e sudachi

Kinkan - The mini Japanese orange

Kinkan [金柑] is a fruit similar to an orange but very small, slightly larger than an olive. Its scientific name is Citrus japônica. It can also be known by the names of XinximKumquat or fortunella. 

In Japan the cultivation of Kinkan is located largely on the island Kyushu, its fruit is in a shrub that can reach up to 3 meters, the fruit plant is also highly appreciated for ornamental purposes. The kinkan can be eaten whole, its shell is sweet, and the inside is slightly sour.

Kinkan orange is good for helping to heal wounds and strengthen the body's immunity. It also has regenerative properties like lutein, zeaxanthin, carotenoids and tannins. Kinkan is also rich in minerals, helps with weight loss diets and fights flu and throat symptoms.

Frutas cítricas do japão - yuzu, kinkan, daidan e sudachi

Daidai - Symbol of longevity

Daidai [橙] is a very curious fruit, it is a Japanese citrus fruit, which is considered a symbol of longevity in Japan. Its fruit remains for several years on the tree without being consumed, in winter it turns orange, in summer it goes back to turn green.

The word Daidai means several generations, and this influenced even the old orange color that was called daidaiiro [橙色]. The daidai fruit is extremely bitter and is rarely consumed. It is sometimes used in cooking and its shell is often used for medicine.

Daidai originated in the Himalayas. It spread across the Yangtze River Valley region in China and later became popular in Japan. It is also used as an expectorant and digestive tonic.

Frutas cítricas do japão - yuzu, kinkan, daidan e sudachi

Sudachi - Lemon or orange?

Sudachi [酢橘] are small Japanese citrus fruits, with the appearance of a simple lemon, but are slightly compared to oranges, despite being sour and small. O sudachi it is a symbol of Tokushima Prefecture, where most of the fruit production is concentrated.

They are grown on Shikoku Island but are rarely eaten as fruit, they are used in Japanese cuisine, in sushi, soba, dessert and as a decoration. There is also a vinegar made from sudachi.

A slice of this fruit is served together with many traditional Japanese cuisine dishes, which include dishes such as fish, soba, udon, nabemono, and even alcoholic beverages. Sudachi together with yuzo and kabosu form the basis for ponzu sauce.

Frutas cítricas do japão - yuzu, kinkan, daidan e sudachi

These were some citrus fruits from Japan. Do you know others? We look forward to hearing your comments and appreciate your sharing. Thank you for reading this short article, see you next time!