Japan is known for being a country where people work too much, some even do 12 to 15 hours a day. Of course, this is not such a large number but it is very visible when it comes to attracting people's attention. However, Japan's workload is like that of any other country, varying between 8 and 9 hours a day. So why do 1 out of 5 Japanese fixed employees usually work overtime? What does it take 22% for the Japanese to work more than 50 hours a week?
If we look at it this way, 22% of the population is not an alarming number for people saying "Japanese works too much", but it is a very large number. There are 27 million Japanese people who work more than 10 overtime hours a week. Japan only allows 45 extra hours per month, but about 1 million people have signed a term that allows them to do more than that. Why does it happen?
The Japanese are paid hourly, after 8 hours of work the additional hour worked receives an increase of 25%. This is the main reason most people work overtime. Some exaggerate and even go without their vacation to work and earn more. If a person works on days when he is not hired to work as a day off or holiday, he receives about 35% more than on other days. If the person works at night (22+) he receives about 25%.
In jobs that do not allow overtime, some people end up getting another part-time job to increase their earnings. Greed proves to be a key factor for the Japanese to overwork, as in some cases the person's salary is not satisfactory for them, requiring them to work harder. Some even work 24 hours non-stop in places like hospitals, sometimes on the % or to help those in need.
After the Second World War, Japan experienced several economic problems. The government's encouragement made people work in an unparalleled way that made Japan rise and become an economic power. These events ended up leaving a tradition and cultural incentive for people to dedicate themselves to work as the most important thing.
Another thing is that the Japanese are responsible for most of the things they do. Responsibility and discipline has been with the Japanese for millennia since the time of the samurai. Another example that we can take from the samurai is their dedication to things like bushido and your master.
Working overtime without pay
Some still end up working after hours even without need. Most jobs that require overtime are located in factories, so in many offices some people end up wanting to work more than they should without even receiving the 25% addition or even the hourly rate. Why do they do that? Some simply like it, others do it to decrease or finish a job soon or with the intention of pleasing the boss. Some even end up working at home after hours.
I see no problem with working 2 more hours a day to earn about 3000 yen (80R$). But there are those who go over the limit working about 12 to 15 hours every day, and even after work they go out to drink and live in this infinite circle without joy. This is one of the great reasons why Japan has the birth crisis and have a high suicide rate.
Curiosities and facts
- About 27 million Japanese people work 10 or more overtime hours a week;
- The law allows only 15 overtime hours per week which divides from an average of 3 per day;
- Minors under 18 are not allowed to work overtime;
- There are 16 fences for workers per year;
- Most foreigners work overtime out of precision or obligation;
Research claims that almost half of people in Brazil work 10 hours a day. That is, before you imagine that the Japanese work too hard, analyze the facts. At least the Japanese are paid overtime. Finally, I will leave some similar articles that can further clarify the subject. We appreciate your reading, sharing and comment.