Hanakotoba - Meaning of flowers in Japanese

Have you ever heard about the language of flowers? Do you know how to say the name of flowers in Japanese? What meanings do flowers have in Japan? In this article, we will see all about Hanakotoba [花言葉] and the meaning of flowers in Japanese.

Flowers like sakura and chrysanthemums are national symbols of Japanese culture, and exerts great power in the beauty of the country and the life of the Japanese. In Japan, flowers are a traditional gift for both men and women.

They are often used to convey what cannot be spoken. The language of flowers is known as Hanakotoba [花言葉] and is disappearing. Today, many Japanese are unaware that flowers have traditional meanings.

However, the meanings of flowers make occasional appearances in modern popular culture, such as anime and manga. In this article, you will learn both the meaning of flowers and their pronunciation and writing in the Japanese language.

Hanakotoba - meaning of flowers in Japanese

The image above shows a Japanese flower arrangement called Ikebana.

Flowers in Japanese - Meaning of Flowers

Below we will leave a complete list of the flowers in Japanese, followed by their writing in kana, their romanization and finally their meaning. If you are on your cell phone, just slide your finger over the table to move it and see it completely.

Responsive Table: Roll the table sideways with your finger >>
Flower NameJapaneseRomajiMeaning
AmaryllisアマリリスAmaririsuShy
AmbrosiaアムブロシアーAmuburoshiāPious
perfect-loveパンジーPanjīThoughtful, caring
Anemone (White)アネモネAnemoneSincere
Aster tataricus紫苑ShionRemembrance
Azalea躑躅TsutsujiPatient, Modest
BluebellブルーベルBurūberuthankful
CactusサボテンSabotenLust, Sex
Camellia (Yellow)椿TsubakiWish
Camellia (White)椿TsubakiWaiting
Camellia (red)椿TsubakiIn love, Perishing with grace
CarnationカーネーションKānēshonFascination, distinction and love
Chrysanthemum (yellow)黄菊KigikuImperial
Chrysanthemum (white)白菊ShiragikuTruth
Dahlia天竺牡丹TenjikubotanGood taste
EdelweissエーデルワイスĒderuwaisuCourage, Power
EricaエリカErikaLoneliness
Sweet PeaスイートピーSuītopībye
Cherry BlossomSakuraKind, Gentle, Transience of Life
FreesiaフリージアFurījiaChildish, Immature
Fritillaria camschatcensis黒百合KuroyuriLove, curse
Gardenia梔子KuchinashiSecret love
Sunflower向日葵HimawariRespect, passionate love, splendor
Morning glory朝顔AsagaoVoluntary pledges
Habenaria radiata鷺草SagisōMy thoughts will follow you in your dreams
HibiscusハイビースカスHaibīsukasu□ Kind
Hydrangea紫陽花AjisaiProud
Irisアイリス, 菖蒲AyameGood News, Good News, Loyalty
JasmineジャスミンJasuminFriendly, Graceful
LavenderラベンダーRabendāFaithful
Lily (orange)小百合SayuriHate, Revenge
White lily)白百合ShirayuriPurity, Chastity
Red spider lily彼岸花 / 曼珠沙華Higanbana / ManjushageNever meeting again, Lost memory, Abandonment
Lily of the valley / spider lily鈴蘭 / 百合Suzuran / YuriCandy
Lotus蓮華RengeAway from the one he loves, Purity, Chastity
Honeysuckle忍冬SuikazuraGenerous
MagnoliaマグノリアMagunoriaNatural
Daisy雛菊HinagikuFaith
Do not forget me勿忘草WasurenagusaThe true love
Narcissus水仙SuisenRespect
Narcissus水仙SuisenSelf esteem
Poppy (Yellow)芥子(黄)Keshi (Ki)Success
Poppy (white)芥子(白)Keshi (Shiro)Rejoice
Poppy (red)雛芥子HinageshiFun-Loving
Peony牡丹BotanBravery
Primula桜草SakurasōDesperate
Pink (Yellow)黄色薔薇KiiroibaraJealous
Pink (White)薔薇BaraInnocence, Silence, Devotion
Pink桃色バラMomoirobaraTrust, Happiness, Trust
Red rose)紅薔薇BenibaraPassionate love
Tiger Lily鬼百合OniyuriWealth
four-leaf-clover(四つ葉の) クローバー(Yotsuba no) kurōbāFortunately
Tulip (yellow)チューリップChūrippuOne-sided love
Tulip (red)チューリップChūrippuFame, Charity, Trust
Verbena美女桜BijozakuraCooperative
VioletSumireHonesty
Mistletoe / Holly宿り木 / ホーリーYadorigi / HōriiLooking for (Single and “-“)
Zinnia百日草HyakunichisouLoyalty

Meaning of flowers - Japan x West

What do you think of comparing the meaning of Japanese flowers briefly with the meaning of flowers in the West? Are there differences? See our old list of hanakotoba before updating this article.

Red rose (Akaibara, 赤い薔薇) - It means romance as well as Western meaning.

White Rose (Shiroibara, 白い薔薇) - In Japan it means Innocence, Devotion and Silence. In the West it means Virtue and Chastity.

Yellow Rose (Kiiroibara, 黄色い薔薇) - In Japan it means Jealousy and Envy. In the West it means Friendship and Devotion.

Rosa Rosa (Pinku no bara, ピンクの薔薇) - In Japan it means Trust and Happiness. In the West it means Grace, Elegance and Delicacy.

Harpsichord (Kaneshon, カーネーショ -) - In Japan, carnations literally mean love, red carnations are a great gift for Mother’s Day. In the west it depends on color, red means romantic love, yellow means rejection.

Hanakotoba - meaning of flowers in Japanese

Amaryllis (Amaririsu, アマリリス) - Japanese meaning is "shy" Western meaning is "pride".

Red tulip (Akaichurippu, 赤いチューリップ) - In Japan it means "Fame" in the west it means eternal love.

Yellow Tulip (Kiiroichurippu, 黄色チューリップ) - In Japan it means unilateral (unrequited) love in the West it means the same thing, but it also means impossible love.

Evening Primrose (Sakuraso, 桜草) - In Japan it means despair, in the West it means eternal love, pure friendship and kindness.

Hanakotoba - meaning of flowers in Japanese
A flower called Primrose

Sweet Pea Flower (Suitopi, スイートピー) - In Japanese it means Goodbye, a farewell.

Blue Bell or Bluebell (Buruberu, ブルーベル) - In both Japan and the West it means "Gratitude".

Cactus Flower (saboten no hana, さぼてんの花) - In Japan it means lust, in the west it means maternal love.

Narcissus (Suisen, 水仙) - In Japan it means "Respect" in the west it means cavalry or unrequited love.

Camellia (Tsubaki 椿) - In Japan the red Camellia means "Love" for samurai means "bad luck". The yellow Camellia means Saudade. The White Camellia means “Wait” and in the west both colors mean Excellence.

White Chrysanthemum (Shiragiku, 白菊) - In Japan it means truth or sadness, it is the most common flower used in funerals. In the West it means death and mourning.

Camellia
A flower called Camelia

Sakura - Meaning of Cherry [桜] [櫻]

Sakura (桜) literally means cherry and is one of the main symbols of Japanese culture. THE cherry blossom, has a meaning and symbolism so intense that I would need a long article talking about it. But I will summarize:

Cherry Blossom means the female beauty and symbolizes the love, a happiness, a renovation and the hope. It also symbolizes the clouds as they blossom en masse. THE the compromise of flowers, their extreme beauty and rapid death, was often associated with mortality.

Hanakotoba - meaning of flowers in Japanese
Blooming Sakura at an event called Hanami

Sakura is a good luck charm and is also an emblem of love, affection and represents spring. Sakura Flower is divided into more than 300 varieties of cherry trees, and refer to many other different meanings.

The cherry fruit, the cherry, is considered the greatest symbol of sensuality, eroticism and sexuality, mainly for its intense red color. Sakura is so appreciated that every year during spring it is appreciated in a festival called Hanami.

Of course, there are countless meanings of Sakura and other flowers that were not mentioned, otherwise the article would become a book. I thank everyone who read the article and comments and shares. Which flower do you like best?

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9 thoughts on “Hanakotoba – Significado das flores em japonês”

  1. Gostei de saber o significado da Shiroibara *-* de todas rosas, a Rosa Branca é a minha queridinha <3
    E me encantei com o significado da Blue Bell *—* com certeza eu daria pra alguém muito especial ^_^

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