Chrysanthemums are plants native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Most species originate in East Asia and the center of diversity is in China. Numerous vegetable varieties and cultivars exist.
Speaking of which, this is a plant / flower, very well seen in Japan. It is widely used to make bonsai, among other uses. As we explain better, you will understand how much it is valued in the country.
Well, we can't say much about how much, but we can say that it is valued. For example, this flower is used to name the position of the Japanese emperor and the throne. For those who don't know, this position is called “Throne of the Chrysanthemum”. So that's it, let's learn a little bit about it.
How is a chrysanthemum?
Chrysanthemums, also known as "mothers", are one of the most beautiful varieties of perennials that start to bloom in early autumn. This is also known as the favorite flower for the month of November.
The description can be a bit complicated, but let's leave some images. Wild chrysanthemum taxa are perennial herbaceous plants or sub-shrubs. They alternately arranged sheets divided into leaflets with jagged or occasionally smooth edges.
The composite inflorescence is a matrix of several heads flowers, or sometimes a lonely head. The head has a base covered by layers of filaria. The simple line of ray florets is white, yellow or red.
Chrysanthemums were first cultivated in China back in the 15th century BC. Being grown as a flower herb. More than 500 cultivars were registered until 1630. The plant is known as one of the four gentlemen of Chinese and East Asian art. The plan is particularly significant during the Double Ninth Festival.
Chrysanthemum cultivation began in Japan during the Nara and Heian periods. Just to inform you, this period runs from the beginning of the 8th century to the end of the 12th century. The plant ended up gaining more popularity in the Edo period.
Soon, many other shapes, colors and varieties of flowers were created. The way the flowers were grown and modeled also developed and the chrysanthemum culture flourished. One point that states this is the fact that the Imperial Seal of Japan is a chrysanthemum.
Cultural significance and symbolism of Chrysanthemum
Japan is one of the places where Chrysanthemum is very influential and valued. Another place where this happens a lot is in China, but we will discuss only the first one. In Japan, as already mentioned, the chrysanthemum is a symbol of the emperor and the imperial family.
In particular, a “chrysanthemum crest”, that is, the chrysanthemum flower design, indicates a connection to the Emperor. There are more than 150 patterns in this design. In the following we will cite several other uses and references to the Imperial chrysanthemum.
The Imperial Seal of Japan, which is used by members of the Japanese imperial family. In 1869, a 16-layer, two-petal design was designated as the symbol of the emperor. Princes use a simple single-layer pattern.
A number of sanctuaries previously endowed by the state have adopted a chrysanthemum crest. As the most important figure we can mention the Tokyo Yasukuni Shrine.
The Chrysanthemum Throne is the name given to the position of the Japanese emperor and the throne.
The Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum is a Japanese tribute granted by the emperor on the advice of the Japanese government.
In imperial Japan, small arms were required to be stamped with the imperial chrysanthemum. After all, they were considered to be the emperor's personal property.
A Chrysanthemum event
A series of festivals and concerts take place across Japan in the fall when the flowers bloom. Chrysanthemum Day is one of the five ancient sacred festivals. It is celebrated on the 9th day of the 9th month. It was started in 910, when the imperial court held its first chrysanthemum show.
And as it could not be missing, let's talk about a good program made for chrysanthemums. And of course, this is a program held in Japan. The Nagoya Castle Chrysanthemum Contest.
This is a contest that started after the end of the Pacific War. The castle event has become a tradition for the city. With three categories, it is one of the biggest events of its kind in the region both by scale and by content.
The first category is the exhibition of cultivated flowers. The second category is for bonsai flowers. Which are combined with dead pieces of wood to give the illusion of miniature trees. The third category is the creation of miniature landscapes.
It is worth checking not to miss the opportunity. Exhibition of flowers and plants are often colorful and interesting.
What do you think of the chrysanthemum?
Certainly flowers are very well seen in the country. Tell us in the comments if you like these plants. If you have any questions, suggestions or anything like that, just leave it there in the comments.
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