A piece of white cloth that has no exact meaning, present in Japanese culture and with different interpretations. O hitaikakushi [額隠] is this element uncertain. The following is a summary of why it exists and its theories and how it emerged throughout the existence of Japanese folklore.
The oriental culture is very little explored by us westerners, far from our reality, the Japanese, Chinese, Korean and others have a rich folklore. With many of the elements present in our culture, the different conception and definitions of them, shows that our world is connected in several aspects.
A common point is the presence of ghosts in oriental culture, in particular, in Japanese folklore. O yurei it is one of these elements, present in the culture of the rising sun, which is analogous to the ghost in the west.
For the Japanese - in their traditional culture Buddhist, we human beings have souls. Or spirit for others. Yet, reikon it is the name given to the soul or spirit of people.
Upon dying, the reikon of a person leaves the body and enters what would be similar to purgatory in Western Christian Jewish culture. And it is this spirit that adds value to Japanese mythology.
Hitaikakushi - Bandana of the Yureis
The yurei they are the most common forms of appearance in ancient texts and books. Its appearance is, in a way, uniform. Marked by white kimono robes - reference of the funerals of the period It's from Japanese - and long black hair.
Tradition says that the person who died suddenly or violently, if the rites of passage from human to spiritual life were not performed correctly, or these are driven by feelings of hatred and revenge, the soul - reikon - turns into a yurei.
However, what is more interesting is that some yureis they have a kind of bandana, in the shape of a triangle, on the head. This cloth - also white - is called hitaikakushi.
Appearing during the period heian - Japan between the years 794 and 1185, classic Japanese history -, the books of the time show the yurei wearing the hitaikakushi. However, little is known about its meaning.
It is speculated that the artists restructured the hat eboshi - pointed prop used by the Japanese in the period heian, very popular at the time -. However, the practice of portraying ghosts with the triangular hat has disappeared in the era It's from.
With its reappearance in modern times, there was some more speculation about the presence of hitaikakushi we yurei. The first: it is believed that ghosts ascended to the highest level, in terms of spirituality, received a crown. This crown, sometimes referred to as the crown of heaven, is called tenkan.
O tenkan is placed on the heads of yurei to highlight your new spiritual state. The ghosts yurei they are traditionally female characters who strive for revenge. Therefore, upon receiving the tenkan, these women's spirits have attained spiritual peace.
Hitaikakushi for protection
Another aspect believes that the hitaikakushi it is a symbol whose function is to remove demons from their corpses. As the spirit left the body, the bodies become an empty and soulless piece of flesh.
The last theory - and a complement to the one described above - believes that the bandana keeps demons from entering the heads of empty bodies and preventing these diabolical beings from resurrecting the corpse. Therefore, the white cloth protects the body from the carnal and spiritual transition.
In fact, Japanese culture is rich in many ways, with an immense mythology that is still mysterious. The meaning of the white triangular cloth on the head of female ghosts has no convergent meaning. But we must admit, in any case, it represents the rise of purity and the decline of evil spirits.