Hello everyone, everything good? Have you ever heard of an aging world population? If you still don't have information about this risk factor for society, in this article I will show details and explain better what it is and why it is important for society worldwide to take precautions for later situations.
We already know that humanity is growing at a breakneck pace, but this is not the only challenge that we have to face if we want to cross the ages to come without heavy and horrible sacrifices. To better understand this statement just keep reading.
Elders in world society
We all know that aging is part of the life cycle of all living beings, whether vegetable or animal, we will all grow old and then die. But with society's facilities this aging period has become much easier to achieve than it was a long time ago.
What I mean is that society helps people to reach much older ages than before, and at the same time it helps to happen much more often. Thus resulting in people living much longer and helping to increase the number of the world's population just by their presence.
I am not saying that they are a nuisance, after all they are the pillars of many families worldwide and are often the most respected in it. But the problem is that at this age, usually after age 65, people are no longer able to make efforts, as they can harm their own health.
Effects on society
Humanity is gradually aging and this is an undeniable fact and it often seems to be harmless in the eyes of uninformed people. After all, how would it affect people to age healthy and happy? Is aging a problem?
The world population is aging, and all countries on the globe are experiencing an increase in the number and proportion of elderly people in their populations. This fact is about to become one of the most significant social changes of the 21st century, with effects on almost all sectors of society.
The labor market, the demand for resources for the care of these people, and other sectors of the economy and society in affective terms, will all be affected. Next, I will cite an interesting data from World Population Prospects: the 2017 Review, a survey on the prospecting of the world population.
The number of elderly people - aged 60 and over - is expected to double by 2050 and triple by 2100, from 962 million worldwide in 2017 to 2.1 billion in 2050 and 3.1 billion in 2100. Globally , the population aged 60 and over is growing faster than all younger age groups.
In 2017, it is estimated that there were 962 million people aged 60 and over in the world, making up 13 percent of the global population. This population is growing at a rate of around 3% per year. Europe currently has the highest percentage of the population aged 60 or over (25%).
And the whole world will experience this phenomenon, and by 2050 all regions of the world, except Africa, will have almost a quarter or more of their populations aged 60 and over. That's right, almost a quarter of the world's population will be made up of elderly people, now imagine the amount of money used for these people.
Elderly people contributing to society
We cannot deny the fact that society in general does not give due importance to the elderly, this may be due to the fact that they have been more delicate and physically sensitive than young people. But this is just a point of view. And that is starting to change gradually, and countries like Japan are at the forefront of this change.
Older people are increasingly seen as contributors to development, whose skills for acting to improve themselves and their societies must be integrated into policies and programs at all levels. In Japan it is common to see elderly people in advanced ages doing some types of work.
In the coming decades, many countries are likely to face fiscal and political pressures in relation to public health, pension and social protection systems for an older population. And with that it will generate the possible initiative to “recycle” these people who are away to contribute to society.
Fertility, Mortality and Immigration
The size and age composition of a population is determined by a set of three demographic processes: fertility, mortality and migration.
All regions have experienced substantial increases in life expectancy since 1950. As life expectancy at birth increases, improvements in survival at older ages are responsible for an increasing proportion of the overall improvement in longevity, which varies from country to country.
Although the decline in fertility and increased longevity are the main drivers of population aging worldwide, international migration has also contributed to changing the age structures of the population in some countries and regions.
In countries that are experiencing large flows of immigration, international migration can slow the aging process, at least temporarily, as migrants tend to be of young age. However, migrants who remain in the country will eventually age in the older population.
Japan is a great example when it comes to population growth and population aging. And it is he who we will analyze next, as we could not leave out the country that is the main focus of the site. But this does not affect the judgment about it in any way.
In 2017, this country had a population of 127.5 million people. Of these 13% is between 0 and 14 years old, and 14% is between 10 and 24 years old, which is not so relevant. Now the fact that 27% of the population is aged 65 or over is a little more glaring.
Which means that one in four people you meet in Japan is an elderly person. I particularly prefer the elderly to children and I would not bother with this fact on my own, but this is just my opinion and different opinions may occur.
Fertility in Japan and the World
Continuing with the data, fertility in Japan is also a risk factor as women tend to work just like men and the government is torn between supporting women to have children or helping to cover the labor deficit in the labor market .
Policies of different types are made and proposed, but the government has no way of giving up on one to support the other, which leaves Japan in a big dilemma. For this reason they invest heavily in monitoring and treating their mothers.
And to confirm this, according to UN data, 100% of births in the country from 2006 to 2017 were assisted by qualified health personnel. Making the maternal mortality rate in 2015, stay at 5 for every 100,000 live births.
But the problem is not solved with just that. Because the fertility among women in Japan is around 1.5 children per woman. Since the population replacement rate is ensured, this rate cannot be less than 2.1 children per woman.
As the two children are the substitutes for their parents, the additional 0.1 has the task of compensating those individuals who for some reason, die before reaching the age of reproduction or any other interference whatever it may be.
Key aging conferences
To begin addressing these issues, the UN General Assembly convened the first World Assembly on Aging in 1982, which resulted in a 62-point Vienna International Plan of Action.
In 1991, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Principles for the Elderly, elaborating 18 rights for the elderly. The following year, the International Conference on Aging met to follow the Plan of Action, adopting a proclamation on Aging.
Following the recommendation of the Conference, the UN General Assembly declared 1999 the International Year of Older Persons. And the International Day of Older Persons is celebrated every year on the 1st of October.
Action on aging followed in 2002, when the Second World Assembly on Aging was held in Madrid. Aiming to design an international policy on aging for the 21st century, it adopted a Political Declaration and the Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging.
This is a dilemma that the world needs to find ways to solve, as it is not a problem as long as it does not seriously affect society in some aspect. This case is not yet worrying the authorities in the way it should because its effects are tiny and often imperceptible.
But it does not mean that it will remain so for an unlimited time, and the sooner you realize this, the less the future effects will be. The problem is that not many are not even paying attention to this, which can be fatal over the years.
I'm doing my part, but a swallow just doesn't make a summer. Well, that's it for this personal article. I hope you enjoyed the information presented and any questions, suggestions, criticism or the like just leave your comment. In addition, thanks to you, my dear reader, for reading this article so far and until the next.