Have you ever wondered what Japan's biome, geography or simply the vegetation of Japan? In this article, we will answer these questions by talking a little about Japan's biome, climate, geography and vegetation.
geography and VEGETATION of Japan
Japan is an archipelago composed of more than 6852 islands located in the Pacific Ocean. The largest islands in Japan are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku where it represents 97% from the Japan area.
Most of Japan is filled with mountains and forests, being considered one of the most wooded nations in the world. Japan's coastline is approximately four times that of Brazil.
The country is also marked by volcanic activities that generate countless thermal and natural bathrooms. A country rich in magnesium and other minerals present in the water. The country has more than 100 volcanoes, but none of them are at risk.
Highest mountain and volcano is the famous from Japan Mount Fuji with an incredible 3,776 meters of altitude. The enormous amount of volcanoes in the depths of Japan shows that the soil is unstable and full of energy, recorded numerous earthquakes.
The territory of Japan covers an area of 372,000 square kilometers. The country is located on the Eurasian plate where several tectonic plates responsible for earthquakes and tsunami meet.
Japan is a mixture of subtropical, temperate and cold zones, in addition to having plenty of water. The flora of Japan has about 6000 native species of plants, some of which are striking and symbolic for the Japanese people such as the famous Sakura cherry tree.
Japan suffers from a shortage of ores, making importation more dependent on other countries. Although 75% from your country is made up of trees and forests, Japan prefers and needs to import wood for home construction and paper.
Japan biome and climate
Japan is one of the few countries in the world that follows the 4 seasons correctly. Winter happens at the end of the year, followed by spring, summer and autumn. We can clearly see the difference between seasons in Japan.
These seasons are influenced by the cold air masses coming from Siberia in the winter, as well as the hot air masses of the Pacific in the summer, which is depicted with lots of rain, a lot of heat and also strong typhoons until the beginning of autumn.
Japan has 4 sub-regions where we can have a notable climatic difference. In Hokkaido the climate is subarctic, meaning it is always colder. On the Pacific coast the climate is more temperate, on the coast of the Sea of Japan it is rainier, and in the southwest it is subtropical.
Winter runs from December to February, the further north of the country the more snow you find, while in the south it rarely reaches below 0 ° C. Spring runs from March to May, where the country is all colorful and covered in flowers, where the famous Hanami.
The summer starts with three to four weeks of rain and then it gets very hot. The autumn is cool, it may have rain at the beginning and it is usually quite pleasant. Both spring and autumn can cause allergies due to the amount of flowers.
In Hokkaido in the north of the country, temperatures have already reached more than 40 below zero. In the south and center of the country, temperatures have already exceeded 40 degrees Celsius in the summer in provinces such as Nagano and Yamagata.
To summarize better:
- Center (Honshu) - Temperate oceanic climate, high rainfall;
- North (Hokkaido) - Cold weather, with long winter months, influenced by the cold Oya Shivo current;
- South (Shikoku and Kyushu) - Subtropical climate, softened by the Kuro Shivo current;
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