Japan is a monarch country and consequently it will have a King who represents it, in Japan, known as Emperors.
Japan has had more than hundreds of emperors, however, some Kings are separated by "Periods". One of the Periods that is widely commented and cited is the “Edo Period”. The Modern Period currently has 4 Emperors, one of whom is the current Emperor Akihito.
And among them are Emperor Meiji. He who was the one who took the first big step in his time for the so-called “Modern Era”. Below we will see the achievements and a little about him!
Posthumus can literally be translated as "After death", it is also an honorary name that is given to emperors, nobles and in exceptions and in some cultures, this title is also given to officers and others.
In the case of Japan and in connection with the Emperors, posthumous is given to him according to the name of his kingdom. In Japanese culture there is also kaimyo, which is a Buddhist practice with the same purpose, however, it is more used while alive.
But the posthumous name should not be confused with the name of era and temple. The name of era refers to the years when an Emperor / Governor ruled a country, and his name after the reign is usually remembered with that of the era, but always referring to posthumous.
Emperor Meiji (Mutsuhito)
His name is Mutsuhito (睦仁), Emperor Meiji (明治天皇, Meiji Tennō) was one of the crucial Emperors for the beginning of the Modern Era, he who made Japan what it is today!
She lived for 59 years and her reign lasted 35 years, a lasting reign so to speak.
Prince Mutsuhito succeeded the throne at just 14 years old, in 1867, and in the same year he married Masako, later his name will be Haruko. She was very important to Meiji, as she also acted in political matters, something that has not happened in many years. She cannot give heirs to him, however, he had 15 children by 5 chaperones.
And it was during the Meiji reign that the feudal regime and the shogunate were abolished. Shogunate is the title given by the Emperor to a general to command all troops.
Another change was that the capital of Japan moved from Kyoto to Edo, which today is called Tokyo. And there was also the emergence of a new constitution.
One of Meiji's greatest achievements was to make Japan a country known worldwide. During the 19th century, Japan was able to clearly dictate its objectives to other Western powers. The major powers were very interested in Japan, and with this, he managed to grow and become the great power he is today. At that time, Japan was a country in industrial and economic development, too, a country devoted to its Emperor!
- occurred between 1866 and 1868;
- Feuldal dictatorship, Tokugawa Shogunate, was abolished because of imperial victories in the Boshin war;
- Declaration of the end of feudalism and the proclamation of a democratic and modern government to Japan;
- During the Meiji period, it was declared that Japan would act in accordance with international law;
- Samurai cease to obey their master, daimiô, and then begin to obey the Emperor;
- Meiji, despite being the Emperor, had no real power, however, he was a symbol for the people. And today he is hailed as a source of pride for the Japanese for making Japan what it is today!
Some curiosities about Meiji
- Mutsuhito was crowned at just 14 years old;
- As in many other monarch countries, Meiji's education was entrusted to a Nobleman;
- He received two titles in a single day, that of Prince Imperial and also that of Prince Heir;
- Only 5 of their children reached adulthood, among them, 1 prince and 4 other princesses;
- He was one of the Emperors who maintained the greatest longevity, this after the abdication of Emperor Ougimachi, for having lived more than 50 years;
Of course this is just a summary of the Emperor and what happened in his era and beyond. This is a very delicate and lengthy subject that can even require an entire site to study the whole subject. If you want to delve into the subject, be prepared to read a big book or many wiki pages.