Political Campaigns, Parties and Elections in Japan


Open enrollment for Ricardo Cruz Nihongo Premium's Japanese course! Click make your registration!

Have you ever wondered how elections and political campaigns in Japan work? What are the differences between the political campaigns and elections between Brazil and Japan? In this article we will examine in depth and understand a little about Japan's politics and its differences with Brazil.

We previously wrote an article talking about how the government works in Japan. In short, Japan is a constitutional monarchy with a symbol emperor, a head of government (prime minister) and other state ministers.

Currently the votes of the elections in Japan are optional (not mandatory) and are limited to Japanese citizens. Unfortunately in Brazil voting is mandatory, in addition to having that rush and expenses with voter registration and electoral court, something that does not exist in Japan. Now that you are aware of it, let's talk a little about the political situation in each country.

How does the elections in Japan work?

As in Brazil, regional and national elections are held. Regional or provincial elections in Japan are called Chihou Senkyo [地方選挙] while national elections are called Kokusei Senkyo [国政選挙]. Elections usually take place on Sunday from 7:00 am to 8:00 pm.

In Japan, electronic voting machines are not used, they prefer to use the traditional voting system to prevent fraud. There are no numbers, voters must write the candidate's name legibly and place it in the ballot box. Although there are counting machines, votes are usually taken manually in some provinces, with the results on the day.

As there is no voter registration, the Japanese receive a letter with a receipt, but they can also use their documents if they want to vote but do not have a receipt. Senkyoken [選挙権] refers to the right to vote.

Campanhas política, partidos e eleições no japão

THE corruption in Japan it is very low, the country is in the 20th position in the ranking of least corrupt countries in the world. Brazil is already in 96th position. During election campaigns in Japan, candidates often wear a white band with their name on it and a glove with the party's name on it. The glove is white to represent purity, without corruption.

The problem of Japanese political elections and campaigns

Apparently the Japanese do not have many problems in their political circle. There are no free electoral hours or distribution of annoying pamphlets as in Brazil. Until a few years ago, the presence of politics on the Internet was very low, since voting is not mandatory and few spend time trying to make up their minds.

Campanhas política, partidos e eleições no japão

One of the things that can bother you in Japan is the demonstrations on carts that candidates do on the city streets speaking in a megaphone. These carts are usually stopped in strategic places with a lot of access. In addition, politicians can hold rallies, advertise in newspapers or spread word of mouth.

Although Japan is a country with a lot of visual pollution, it is not so common to find posters of politicians, but they do exist in some strategic places. Candidates cannot visit people and ask for votes.

Another negative (or not) thing is that candidates must pay a glove (advance payment) to the electoral authorities to participate in the election. If they reach more than 10% of the total votes they get the money back, otherwise they lose all money.

Campanhas política, partidos e eleições no japão

For municipal offices the payment can reach up to 600,000 yen, while in parliament the values reach 3,000,000 yen and even 6,000,000. This strategy is used to avoid a huge number of candidates and those famous dwarf parties that exist in Brazil.

Japan's political parties

Japan has several parties, the main ones being the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD) that is currently in power and also the Democratic Party of Japan (PDJ) that was already in power in the 90s. Below we will list all Japanese parties in order Popularity:

  • Liberal Democratic Party (PLD);
  • Democratic Party of Japan (PDJ);
  • Constitutional Democratic Party (PDC);
  • Hope Party;
  • New Komeito (NPK);
  • Communist Party (PCJ);
  • Nippon Ishin no Kai;
  • Social Democratic Party (PSD);
  • Happiness Achievement Party;
  • Smile Party;

There must be other parties, the last on the list called the Smile Party is made up of only one member and founder called Mac Akasaka who usually appears with an extravagant look. He has appeared only in his underwear or wearing strange clothes like superhero cosplay.

Campanhas política, partidos e eleições no japão

That's right, Japan also has a communist party that manages to maintain an average vote above 5%. One of its goals is One of the main goals of is to end the mutual military cooperation treaty between Japan and the United States. News went around the internet years ago saying that the PCJ is growing, I think it is a great exaggeration.

The problem of Brazilian political elections and campaigns

One of the most absurd things I know is Brazilian politics and elections. For personal reasons I don't even want or can get involved in politics, so I'll try to be 100% neutral, even though I confess that my thoughts are a little bit on the right. I am currently amazed with social media and TV issues involving politics.

Apparently all Brazilian political campaigns both on television and on the Internet have been designed to denigrate and attack another candidate. People choose their sides through false, generalized information or just by defending some ideal or principle, ignoring all the other problems of the nation.

Campanhas política, partidos e eleições no japão

Some write giant texts on social media wanting to show that they understand politics, but in fact write all text just to criticize a candidate. The internet is now summarized by the left destroying the country and a candidate called racist, which will transform Brazil into a military dictatorship. Politics and Lie today is pretty much the same word.

First, that thieves are not just one party or side! No matter if it is left or right, Brazil will continue to sink if there are no drastic changes in laws and justice as it was done in Singapore and Japan at some point in its history. But who am I to give an opinion? Many seem to be happy with the little that has been done in these decades ...

No matter what the circumstances, Brazilians still insist on defending bandits or using the mistakes of others to diminish that of their candidate.

Anyway, this is just the basics, we still don't talk about the papers and policy pamphlets that dirty the streets at times and on election day. Not to mention the advertisements and election time on television. I don't even need to go into details about our country's policies, everyone is already aware.

Campanhas política, partidos e eleições no japão

What did we learn from the elections in Japan and Brazil?

Japan's political system is not so different from Brazil or the world. Fortunately, Japan does not force people to vote, nor does it tolerate mess or corruption in their country. If an act of corruption occurs and it is discovered, the person needs to apologize publicly and may be arrested and lose his or her job.

Unfortunately in Brazil, politicians steal in our face and still advertise it. I die laughing when I see an advertisement on television for a politician talking about the thefts of others, or people on social media trying to defend their candidate from corruption by swearing or accusing the enemy.

Did you know these details of election campaigns and Japanese politics? I hope you enjoyed this article, we are happy if you share it with friends and leave your comments. Also read our other article on Japan politics.