Aikido is a Japanese art that translates to "the path of Unification with the energy of life", or "the path of the harmonious spirit". In this article, we will talk about the martial art aikido and its curiosities.
Let's talk about the origin of aikido, what aikido is for, what are the correct ways to use aikido, among other different types of explanations about this Japanese martial art. The summary below will help you navigate:
What is aikido?
Aikido or Aiquidô [合気道] is a martial art created in Japan after the 2nd world war, by the master Morihei Ueshiba in between 1883-1969. This martial art consists of the principle of harmony between practitioners and the universe.
In all martial arts the fighters were to win or destroy the enemy, because they were developed and passed down through generations, by ancient Samurai and their experiences in battles.
Unlike fighting techniques, aikido uses a combination of techniques and the strength of the opponent to harm himself. Thus, aikido consists of using the opponent's strength against himself.
One of the advantages is that these skills allow the fighter to get out of a violent battle without taking damage by simply using his strength or other attack techniques.
the founder of aikido
To understand more deeply about the Aikido, we need to know the story Morihei Ueshiba the founder of martial art aikido, which was also called the Great Sensei (oosensei - [大先生]).
In the year 1919, the Morihei Ueshiba met Onisaburo Degushi of the sect Omoto-kyu, who taught a spiritual technique called Chin Kon Kishin, through concentrated meditation, increasing his serenity and making him more relaxed, reinforcing the concepts of harmony in him.
Knowing that there could be no harmony in their battles, Morihei Ueshiba he began to create concepts of his own Martial Art, where there was no objective of winning or destroying an enemy, but of ending a conflict.
So he opened a little school called “Ueshiba School”, In 1923, he named his martial art after Aiki Bujutsu, and started to travel around Japan teaching others his incredible skill that quickly spread and popularized.
what does the word aikido mean?
The word aikido is formed by three kanji ideograms:
The term There [合] means Harmony which refers to the characteristic of Aikido that, in order to control your opponent, it is necessary to become one with him, so that as a single set, you end up dominating your opponent.
O Ki [気] means the Energy employed in the act. It is a universal energy, existing in things, in which the concept that anthropologists call animism.
O Of [道] means the Way, in the sense of the path the search for a personal and spiritual evolution; is the same meaning as So, at the Taoism. The [道] often follows the name of other martial arts.
The term AIKI [合気] refers to the beginning of the fight, where the attackers' movement is absorbed to control their actions with little effort.
characteristics of aikido
At the aikido, just as it is in virtually all Japanese martial arts, training is based on physical and mental training. Physical training in aikido it is covering both fitness and physical conditions as well as preparation and training of specific martial art techniques.
One of the other features of the Aikido, also characterized as a Budo, is to improve your personal and spiritual form through your wisdom and experience in it.
When a fighter is confronted, he has to dodge his opponent's blows as much as possible so that he doesn't get hurt too much in his daily battles or in his day-to-day defenses
The idea of this principle is never to oppose the opponent's blow or effort; if he pulls, push; if he pushes, rotate the body, in both cases, to use the opponent's momentum to your advantage.
Another characteristic of Aikido is that it prioritizes peaceful solutions to conflicts, it is always better that demands are not resolved through combat, but through dialogue. This is important for both the interior [internal conflicts] and the external [external conflicts] plan.
Another of the characteristics of Aikido is that this martial art is not used for combat or confrontation but for self-defense, so if you are looking for a martial art to use in your combat, it is better to get another type of martial training, but if you wanting to learn how to defend itself, aikido is the right art.
Distinguish the physical from the spiritual world
Ancient masters taught that warriors made no distinction between the physical and the spiritual world, their technique was elegant and refined, as was their spirit; therefore, giving his maximum training to improve and improve his technique, the practitioner also improved his spirit.
But he manages to control himself not only in the confrontations that require physical effort, but also in the difficulties and setbacks that run on a daily basis, he starts to trust even more in his efficient techniques of self defense.
Thus, in Aikido, there is no competition, attack strikes, or any other manifestation of aggression or violence, but in fact, the apprentice can control his aggression, making him calm and balanced at any time.
How did aikido arrive in Brazil?
Aikido arrived in Brazil in January 9, 1963, through the Shihan Reishin Kawai, 8th Dan of Aikido. His disciples affectionately calls him "Kawai Sensei"
He founded the South American Aikido Union, being a teacher of the classes at the Central Academy that he built it himself. Over time, art spread throughout Brazil and became one of the most popular in the country.
This entity ended up being one of the largest current organizations with Dojos throughout Brazil, Peru, Uruguay, Argentina, Denmark and Spain.
How is aikido training
The training of aikido it is mainly based on the participation of two partners who practice determined movements. The pattern consisting of sequences of movements of attacks carried out by the uke.
Uke [受け] means receiving body, the receiver of the technique, which usually initiates an attack against its rival who applies the technique.
The rival who applies the technique is called tori [取り] which means grabber or shite [仕手] which means performer. When a throwing technique is done, it can also be called nage [投げ] which means sniper.
One of the training that is part of aikido develops the BODY with the physical activity for the movements of the techniques of aerobic form, however it is necessary muscular strength.
And it is also necessary to develop the MIND promoting concentration, perception, discipline, respect, and self-confidence.
It is also necessary to develop the SPIRIT, creating in itself honor, gratitude, emotional balance, peace and finally harmony.
14 rules used in aikido
There are 14 rules used in aikido that we can take into account, they are:
- 1-Maintain Discipline;
- 2-Don't get upset;
- 3-Don't be sad;
- 4-Not having a hostile feeling;
- 5-Be understanding and tolerant;
- 6-Be calm;
- 7-Being peaceful;
- 8- Maintain ethics;
- 9- Make friends with everyone;
- 10-Respect God and people;
- 11-Be humble;
- 12-Be fair and honest;
- 13-To become aware that Aikido is one of the ways that leads to God;
- 14- Become aware that the practice of Aikido is based on self-knowledge;
the great masters of aikido
To conclude the article, we will list some aikido masters for you to take a look at. I hope you enjoyed the article, if you liked it share and leave your comments.