When thinking about a Japanese tree usually comes to mind first to famous cherry tree, but this is not the only plant that stands out for its beauty. Japanese Maple is a plant that is also among the most exuberant.
Japan is very rich in plant diversity and even has exotic plants. Japanese Maple also known as Acer Palmatum (its scientific name) besides being beautiful and easy to find in Japan, it can also be used for make bonsai.
This is possible due to the impressive adaptability that its foliage has. Do you also like different plants?
I bet you've already seen this tree playing in an anime at a glance, because Bordo is one of the most popular trees in Japan. Come and learn more about Japanese Maple.
Features Japanese Maple
Japanese Maple also has other popular names like Maple, Japanese Maple, Palm Maple, Red Japanese Maple. It belongs to the Sapindaceae (flowering plants) family.
This type of plant in addition to a common tree can also be a Bonsai. Japanese Maple is generally found in an environment with continental, Mediterranean, subtropical and temperate climates.
In addition to Japan, it is common for the tree to be found in Asia (where it originated), China and South Korea. The Japanese Maple foliage changes color according to the seasons. And it can reach up to ten meters in height. In rare cases it can be sixteen meters.
The leaves are large and shiny and may be a bit reddish and also more golden. The leaves can measure on average from five to twelve centimeters. In addition to red they can be green or purple.
Its fruits develop in pairs resembling the samara. The fruits are produced in the months of April and May. Japanese Maple is an ideal tree for urban environments.
It is also very popular for bonsai because of its delicacy. The plant is even resistant to wind and strong midday heat. The board may have several tangled trunks.
Acer Palmatum is divided into three subspecies:
- Acer palmatum subsp. Matsumure: Large leaves up to 12 centimeters wide.
- Acer palmatum subsp. Palmatum: smaller leaves 7 centimeters wide.
- Acer palmatum subsp. Amoenum: Its leaves are 7 to 12 centimeters wide.
What care should be taken with Japanese Maple?
Japanese Maple seeds are easily found in arboricultures. The most cultivated species is the one with red foliage. I even took a look to see if there is a way to buy on the internet and yes! And the average is R$150 reais.
So if you live in Brazil it is possible to have a Japanese maple tree, but preferably one that lives in the south and southeast regions, because in these legars it will be possible for the tree to adapt as it is closer to the climate it needs to grow healthy.
It is important to be careful with excessive heat as it will shed the leaves before its time and eventually die.
The Japanese maple should be watered every day, but little by little and keeping an eye on it so that the soil doesn't get too dry or soaked.
Recommendations for the Board
Despite being a good tree for adaptation, the Japanese maple should be located light, but not in direct contact with direct sunlight.
Soil should be well drained, with deep soil and PH between four and six. And always be on the lookout for watering.
Fertilizer should be placed in spring and summer. But to find out the correct type of fertilizer for Bôrdo, talk to a professional, because if it is not the correct one, it will not develop correctly and, in addition, it may die.
And last but not least: pruning. Especially if your Japanese maple is shaped like a bonsai. Normal pruning can be done at any time of the year as needed and pruning for formation is more suitable if it is held in autumn.
Diseases and pests on Japanese maple
No plant is totally free from pests and Japanese maple is no different. In this case, what most affects this tree are cochineal and aphid.
- Cochineal: It is an insect that sucks the sap and this causes malformations to appear in the leaves and stem. In addition, they expel excess sap on the surface of the leaves, which leads to the appearance of the so-called rust fungus.
- Aphid: Insects that attack the crop causing loss of vigor, their growth slows down and flowering slows down. Aphids feed on the sap and in addition, they feed on the leaves.
To avoid these pests, the tree planting site should be kept slightly damp. Prevention can also be done with ecological insecticides, but check with the specialist which ones are best for your type of maple.
On board Japanese in tattoos
Despite the taboo, some Japanese people often tattoo leaves from Japanese trees because they are very delicate and Japanese Maple is among them.
Many artists create airs based on these sheets to create new tattoo models. To choose the best tattoo that pleases the person besides the leaf model you can choose a number of leaves that can indicate luck for them.
Some meanings attributed to tattoos made similar to Bordo's are self-control, memories, balance and others.
So, did you feel like cultivating a Japanese maple? Do you have a favorite Japanese plant?