Everyone knows the Japanese for their great commitment to work. It really seems that the Japanese love to work, putting in 10 to 13 hours of work. While on the other side of the world some Brazilians complain about 8 hours of work. Japanese have different thoughts and a different culture…
In addition to the culture, I stopped and started to analyze the meaning and origin of the word work in Portuguese and in Japanese, and I noticed that the difference is also remarkable. In this article we will examine this subject a little and notice that even words show their great difference.
The word “work” has its origin in the Latin word “TRIPALEUM“: denomination of an instrument of torture formed by three (tri) sticks (paliu). So, originally, “to work” means to be tortured in the tripaliu.
Who were the tortured? Slaves and the poor who could not pay taxes. Thus, those who “worked”, at that time, were the destitute people. From then on, this idea of working as being tortured began to give understanding not only to the fact of torture itself, but also, by extension, to the productive physical activities carried out by workers in general: peasants, artisans, farmers, bricklayers, etc.
The meaning of the word work contributes to an unpleasant view of this daily activity so important in the life of man. Even today, working is seen as a punishment imposed on citizens. Fortunately the Japanese don't see work that way.
Shigoto – 仕事
The Japanese language has some German, Chinese and sign language. Why did I say this? The Japanese language uses Chinese ideograms, and its words are formed by putting other words together, as in German. and your reading and learning of kanji is assimilated to sign language. So understanding the meaning of words can be a little more complex.
the meaning of the word shigoto It is quite simple, but it has several undefined meanings. One of the main meanings of shigoto is “Do something” and “Serve something”.
despite the kanji 仕 - To mean serve (tsukaeru) its reading is done by saying "shi” which is derived from the verb “suru – 為る“, which means to do.
AND "goto – 事” is a sonic version of “koto” is a general word to refer to something, or something. So the best meaning of the word shigoto would be "do something".
The meanings of the kanji "koto – 事” are: Cause, fact, thing, issue, case, incident, event, circumstances, fact, accident, problem, reason.
It became clear that Japanese work doesn't have any bad meanings. We can see this in their culture and lifestyle. But don't worry, there are plenty of other work-related words, and we're going to go over them later.
Words from shigoto – 仕事
As I mentioned, the Japanese language looks a lot like German, see a list of words related to work or some activity that derive from the kanji 仕 and 事.
Words derived using the 2 kanji 仕事:
|仕事着||しごとぎ||shigotogi||Work clothes, business suit|
|大仕事||おおしごと||Ōshigoto||big job, big task|
|手間仕事||てましごと||shigoto theme||tedious work, troublesome work|
|分の良い仕事||ぶんのよいしごと||Bun no yoi shigoto||profitable work, good work,|
|仕事台||しごとだい||shigotodai||bench, work table|
|一仕事||ひとしごと||hitoshigoto||task, a job|
|畑仕事||はたしごと||hatashigoto||work in the fields, work on a farm|
Related words using the kanji 仕:
|奉仕活動||ほうしかつどう||hōshi katsudō||Voluntary service|
|仕方ない||しかたない||shikatanai||There's no way|
Some words using the kanji 事:
|家事||かじ||Kaji||I work at home|
Other words for work
バイト = Baito – Abbreviation of アルバイト (Arubaito) a German word "arbeite” what it means to work. Used as slang or to refer to part-time jobs.
働き= Hataraki – activity of a person or machine (is working)
作業＝Sagyou – service, work, an activity or task. (execution)
労働 = Roudou – formal term used for labor laws and conditions (contract)
勤務= Kin mu – used to designate service in relation to time, period, or location. (shift)
手数＝Tesuu – sense of service, expedient, honorary, nuisance (bank fee)
職＝ Shoku – to refer to employment, placement, position. (office)
There are many other words related to work, unfortunately we can't talk about them all. That's the end of it, I hope you enjoyed the article. xD