Kazoku – Family Members in Japanese


Are you curious about the name of each family member in Japanese? In this article you will increase your vocabulary and kill this curiosity by learning about kazoku [家族] in Japanese.

Remember that in Japanese, there is a difference in telling about your family member or someone else’s family member. There are also suffixes that can be used according to the formality of the conversation.

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Kazoku - family members in japanese

Family Members in Japanese

Before we quote family members in Japanese, you need to understand a little bit of the pronunciation and the way we use these Japanese words. For that we leave a video below that will explain everything about the subject: (Portuguese Only)

There are different ways of referring to family members in Japanese. Below we present the main ways to refer to your family members:

家族かぞくkazokuFamily Members / Family
伯父おじojiUncle (Older than Dad)
叔父おじojiUncle (Younger than Dad)
伯母おばobaAunt (Older than Dad)
叔母おばobaAunt (Younger than Dad)
兄弟きょうだいKyoudaiBrothers Sisters
あにaniOlder brother
あねaneEldest sister
おとうとOtoutoYounger brother
いもうとimoutoYounger sister
夫婦ふうふfuufuMarried / Couple / Husband and Wife
従兄弟いとこItokoCousin (Male)
従姉妹いとこItokoCousin (female)
義理の兄ぎりのあにgiri no aniBrother-in-law (older than you)
義理の弟ぎりのおとうとgiri no OtoutoBrother-in-law (younger than you)
義理の息子ぎりのむすこgiri no Musukoson in law
義理の~ぎりの~giri no ~~ no blood relation
Kazoku - family members in japanese

Members of other families in Japanese – Respectful Mode

Remember that it is not wrong to call your family members by the names below. On the contrary, it may be more common to call your parents oka-san and otto-san than haha and pee. Then the list below may also apply to members of your family.

The difference from the previous list and the list below is education and respect. Using the terms below you are being more respectful, while the above list is a more informal, childish or intimate way of saying it.

ご家族ごかぞくgo kazokuSomeone’s family / family members
お爺さんおじいさんojii sanGrandfather / Old Man / Elderly
お婆さんおばあさんobaa sanGrandmother / Old Woman / Elderly
伯父さんおじさんoji sanUncle (older than his father)
叔父さんおじさんoji sanUncle (Younger than Dad)
伯母さんおばさんoba sanAunt (older than dad)
叔母さんおばさんoba sanAunt (Younger than Dad)
ご両親ごりょうしんgo ryoushinParents
お父さんお と う さ んOtou sanDad
お母さんおかあさんOkaa sanMother
ご兄弟ごきょうだいgo KyoudaiBrothers
お兄さんおにいさんonii sanOlder brother
お姉さんおねえさんonee sanEldest sister
弟さんおとうとさんOtouto sanYounger brother
妹さんいもうとさんimouto sanYounger sister
ご夫婦ごふうふgo FuufuMarried / Couple / Husband and Wife
ご主人ごしゅじんgo shujinHusband
お子さんおこさんoko sanChildren
息子さんむすこさんMusuko sanSon
お嬢さんおじょうさんojou sanDaughter
お孫さんおまごさんomago sanGrandson

Others family members in japanese

Now let’s see other family members in Japanese:

親子ーおやこーoyakooparents and sons
曾祖父そうそふsōsofugreat grandfather
曾祖母そうそぼsōsobogreat grandmother
従姉弟いとこitokocousins (female)
従兄いとこitokoolder cousin
従姉いとこitokoolder cousin (female)
従弟いとこitokoyounger cousin
従妹いとこitokoyounger cousin (female)

Although younger and older cousins are written the same way. Be careful because they use different ideograms to identify whether the individual is older or younger, male or female, just like brothers in Japanese.

Unrelated Japanese family members

Now let’s see unrelated family members:

義父ぎふgifufather in law
義母ぎぼgibomother in law
よめyomedaughter in law
婿むこmukoson in law
義兄ぎけいgikeiolder brother-in-law
義弟ぎていgiteiyounger brother-in-law
義姉ぎしgishiolder sister-in-law
義妹ぎまいgimaiyounger sister-in-law

Nihongo Vídeos – Family in Japanese

The vídeos below can help you train pronunciation and your vocabulary. They are kind of childish but it helps to understand the pronunciation. I hope you enjoyed the article. If you liked it, share it and leave comments.

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