Do you know what Neet and Freeter mean? Meet a group of young people without a fixed job who live informally or are supported by their parents. In this short article, we’ll talk a little bit about these young people.
Neet in Japanese Niito [ニート] ” is an abbreviation that means “not in education, not employed, not training” refers to those who are not studying, working or training. But the question arises: how do they support themselves? The answer: They are paid for by the parents.
For a long time Japan was known as a country without major social and economic differences, employment was for life. This scenario has been changing dramatically. Since 2001, more affluent people have appeared in Japan and more than 1 million Japanese people no longer have to worry about monthly expenses.
Types of Neet: The lazy person who only thinks about having fun, the inmate who does not communicate with society and isolates himself at home, there is still the undecided who does not choose what to do and the insecure who after losing his first job loses his self esteem and give up.
Hayashi, a 25 year old man, was unable to work, he felt bad about leaving home and seeing so many people working while he did nothing, and at home his father avoided him.
He wondered: why can’t I work? when he saw on a TV show that there were people like him, he went to seek psychological counseling alone, but things only changed when he joined an NGO as a volunteer. Now his dream is to work and raise a family.
Some neets do not like to leave the house, or go out only to go to the konbini to buy food. People who don’t like to leave the house are called hikikomori.
Freeter in Japanese furītā [フリーター] is derived from the English word “free” and the German word “arbeiter” (temporary employment). It refers to a generation of informal workers who are considered rebellious by their elders for jumping from job to job. The so-called furītā prefer to go through various temporary jobs while enjoying life before signing a contract and starting a family.
Types of Freeter: The discouraged are those who have completed or interrupted their studies and do not see prospects in the future, there are also dreamers who prefer to make beaks until they achieve the dreamed career of actor, musician or even open their own business and there are still those without a job. who want a steady job but can’t get it.
As a result, those people who choose not to be part of the Japanese workers’ society end up having difficulties in starting their own home, difficulties in starting a career, and have no health and pension benefits. Living with the country, these people end up with no freedom of choice, and still affect Japanese society and economy.
About 10% of graduates from schools and universities do not get a stable job, and 50% of people who get a job, end up leaving it in 3 years. It is estimated that there are more than 10 million freeter in Japan today.
This article was written by SouzaJpop based on issue nº111 of the magazine madeinjapan by JBC.