Te (て) it is one of the most fundamental forms in Japanese. Anyone who is beginning to learn Japanese must have already encountered the form て (you). for those who have not yet arrived, form て (you) it serves to conjugate verbs, make requests and list actions done in the same sentence.
Therefore, I will explain now how this form works in the Japanese language. Check out:
1. "te" form (て) - To place an order
First, this form serves to ask someone for something informally. To use this form, what you have to do is change the ending of the verb by converting to the forma form. A basic example: Let’s use the verb 食べる (taberu) which means “eat”. The verb termination is る. Therefore, in shape てwould stay 食べて (tab) which means “eat”.
However, depending on the ending of the verb, you will not put exactly て at the place. Below is a list of how to use this form:
You can click in this article from the website Japanese Lessons for more details on how to use this form to place an order.
2. Form “te” (て) - For conjugation of verbs
This form also serves to conjugate verbs in the tense of the present continuous. Indicates that the person is currently doing something. In this sense, it is comparable to the way "Ndo" of Portuguese when we want to say that we are doing something. To conjugate, join the form て + いる.
- する (suru) - Verb to do/ shape て + いる - している (shiteiru) - Making
- くる(kuru) - Verb come / shape て + いる - きている (kiteiru) - Coming
- 飲む (nomu) - verb to drink / shape て + いる - 飲んでいる (nondeiru) - Drinking
- 遊ぶ (asobu) - verb to play / shape て + いる - 遊んでいる (asondeiru) - Playing
- 殺す (korosu) - Verb kill / shape て + いる - 殺している (koroshiteiru) - Killing
- 聞く (kiku) - Verb to listen / shape て + いる - 聞いている (kiiteiru) - Listening
- In short, you will use the shape て and add いる the verb that is conjugating;
3. “te” shape (て) - To connect words
Likewise, this form can also be used to connect words. However, if て to connect only verbs. For example, let's use the following phrases:
- 今日は起きてました (kyou wa okitemashita/Today, I got up)
- 朝ご飯を食べました (asagohan wo tabemashita/I had breakfast)
- 学校に行きました (gakkou ni ikimashita/I went to school)
How do we go about connecting these phrases? It's simple. Using the form shape て, the three sentences look like this:
(kyou wa okite, asagohan wo tabete, gakkou ni ikimashita/Today I got up, had breakfast and went to school)
Thus, the three sentences are connected with each other to establish a chronological order of events. However, only the last verb is polished (ます shape). If you are going to write a sentence in polished form, always leave the last verb in shape ます.
That's all, folks. I hope you enjoyed the article and don't forget to share it with friends.