Japanese is a very interesting language full of different formalities, dialects and ways of expressing oneself. So it’s easy to imagine that doumo arigatou is not the only way to thank a person.
In this article we will learn more than 72 different ways to give thanks in Japanese, as well as the deep and traditional meaning of doumo arigato gozaimasu [どうもありがとうございます].
Sumário do Artigo - The meaning of domo arigato - Gozaimasu VS Gozaimashita - Complementing o Arigatou - Summing up the Domo Arigato - Different ways to say thank you in Japanese - Thank you in different dialects of Japan
Domo arigato in Japanese is spelled doumou arigatou [どうもありがとう], but the domo arigato writing is not wrong, it is just a different kind of romanization. This version comes closer to pronunciation.
I feel uncomfortable with writing domo arigato in this article, since I’m used to writing doumo arigatou and I think it’s a lot more correct, but people usually google for domo arigato, which comes close to pronunciation.
The meaning of domo arigato
We have already written an article talking about the meaning of domo. In short, it can mean no matter how, anyway, in all cases, for some reason and things like that. In the case of domo arigato, the adverb doumo is used to express humility, and give an idea of a lot or a lot.
The word arigatou comes from the adjective arigatai [有難い] which means grateful, grateful or esteemed, and which gave rise to the adverbial conjugation arigataku [有り難く]. In fact the origin is much more complex and follows the following order:
ari + katashi → arigatashi → arigataku → arigatau → arigatou
Formerly the adjective arigatai was arigatashi, the junction of the words ari (infinitive of aru, verb to be) and the adjective katashi [難し] which means difficult. Originally it means hard to be, it’s rare, it’s special or something to be grateful for.
The gozaimasu [ございます] that often accompanies the domo arigato is just a polite version of desu [です] and may be conjugated in the past with arigatou gozaimashita [ありがとうございました]. Its origin comes from keigo sourou and gozaru.
In short, apparently the domo arigato conveys the idea of invaluable gratitude, as if it were hard to find anything that can reward you for doing it, or hard to have someone like the grateful person. Very different from the thank you in Portuguese, it seems that the person was forced to do something (lol).
As already mentioned in another article, doumo mean thanks, quite, really, mostly, somehow, though, no matter how difficult and can also be a greeting like hello and goodbye.
Domo can be used as a greeting, which gives a sense of appreciation. This is something you often hear when entering or leaving a business. Hai Domo is often used for presentations and means Hello Everyone! Hai Doumo has even turned up an internet meme because of Kizuna Ai.
Gozaimasu vs Gozaimashita
Speaking just arigatou [ありがとう] is an informal way of thanking you. If you are thanking someone unknown, it is best to use the respectful form arigatou gozaimasu [ありがとうざいます] at present or arigatou gozaimashita [ありがとうごいました] in the past. But how do you know when to use each one?
We can use arigatou gozaimasu when we are thanking for something that is going to happen or is happening. Already arigatou gozaimashita for something that has happened in the past or has just happened.
There are no specific time rules to use each of them, sometimes you enter a store and I’ve heard arigatou gozaimashita, you should be confused, but the store owner is thanking you for entering the store and not for the purchase you are going to make. do. Similarly have no problem say arigatou gozaimasu after purchase, but the right use gozaimashita.
It is not just the gozaimasu that is required in a formal thank you. We usually use Doumo arigatou gozaimasu [どうもありがとうざいます] to thank a staff for whom we want to show a lot of respect.
Sometimes it is normal for people to use only the doumo concealing the “arigatou gozaimasu“, but this should only be used between friends, because it can be rude or mistaken for a greeting.
When we want to say thank you wholeheartedly, or we want to express “Thank you very much” or “I am really grateful” we can use the word hontouni [本当に] first, which really and truly means.
When someone thanks you, you can respond by saying Dou itashimashite [どう致しまして] which means nothing, no way or pleasure is mine. You can also say “iie” that gives an impression of “it was nothing” or “not accurate”, but should be used informally according to the occasion, as it also means no.
Summing up the Doumo Arigatou Gozaimasu
With these 3 words alone we have 10 different ways to say thank you:
- Hontou ni arigatou gozaimasu
- Doumo arigatou gozaimasu
- Arigatou gozaimasu
- Hontou ni arigatou
- Arigatou gozaimashita
- Doumo arigatou gozaimashita
- Hontou ni arigatou gozaimashita
- T-form verbs + kurete arigato
The kurete arigatou [くれてありがとう] lets you say thanks using a verb. As an example we can use tetsudatte kurete arigatou [手伝ってくれてありがとう] which means thank you for helping me [手伝う].
The kurete [くれて] is like a “for” or thank you “for“, since the kurete indicates the donor, the one who does something for you. You can further formalize the sentence using gozaimasu [ございます].
You can use a noun + arigatou to thank for things. If someone sends a message you can say messegi arigatou [メッセージりがとう] and things like that.
Different ways to say thank you in Japanese
At Work we use the expression otsukaresama deshita [お疲れ様でした] which means thank you for your work. Used to thank you for your effort or work. Using apologies like “Sumimasen” can be interpreted as a thank you, such as “sorry you have to do that”.
Another very popular way of saying thanks comes from the English word thanks which is Sankyuu [サンキュー], this form is widely used among young people and friends.
In addition to traditional sankyu, on the internet young people often write abbreviated and varied forms of arigatou which are:
- 39 – Representation of sankyu;
Katajikenai [忝 い] – An ancient way of giving thanks that means literally grateful, a heartfelt thank you.
Osore irimasu [おそれいります] – A form rarely used today, but is used to thank customers. You can also highlight your incompetence and thank them for some teaching.
Itadakimasu [いただきます] – Used before meals to thank for the food.
Gochisousamadeshita [御馳走様でした] – Used to give thanks for food after meals.
Okagesamade [お陰様で] – Used to ask how we are doing. You can give an idea of thanks, as a thank god or thanks to you.
Kekkou [結構] is enough that you no longer need it. It can sum up a thank you, equivalent to the thanks we use when rejecting something. It may also indicate that something was wonderful and delicious.
Omataseshimashita [お待たせしました] Thank you for waiting, sorry for the delay;
Moushiwakenai [申し訳ない] means I’m sorry, but you can get the idea of a thank you for doing something.
Daijoubu [大丈夫] means okay, don’t worry, but it can be a “no thank you”, used to reject something.
Kanshashimasu [感謝します] a word that indicates gratitude and appreciation.
Merushii [メルシー] from frances merci;
Gurache [グラチェ] from Italian grazie;
Goukurosama [ご苦労様] – Thank you for your hard work;
Thank you in different dialects of Japan
Other ways to say thank you in Japanese vary from region to province. Remember that most of these ways are informal. Below we will leave a list of expressions used in each province:
|Ehime, Shimane, Tottori||Dandan||だんだん|
|Fukui, Toyama, Ishikawa||Kinodokuna||気の毒な|
|Tokyo, Kanagawa, Tokushima e outras.||Arigatou||ありがとう|
I hope you enjoyed this article by talking deeply about the meaning of doumo arigatou and presenting 72 different ways to say thank you in Japanese. If you liked it, share it and leave your comments. 本当にありがとうございます！
To finish the article let’s leave some complementary videos: