List with 1,000 categorized Japanese words

In this article, we will share a list with 1,000 words in Japanese that are separated by category. You will find from verbs, adverbs, adjectives and nouns, all categorized.

Remembering that this list is just support. Suki Desu does not recommend learning the Japanese language by memorizing single words. For this reason, we recommend reading our Study Guide for Learning Japanese .

Pay close attention to the summary below, or search for the word you want to learn using your internet browser’s locator (CTRL + F). If you like the list, share and leave your comments.

Japanese adjectives - forms

See below for a list of Adjectives in Japanese:

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
良いGoodIi / yoi
凄いAmazingSugoi
素晴らしいWonderfulSubarashii
悪いBad, lowerwarui
高いExpensive, highTakai
低いLowHikui
安いCheapyasui
大きいBigOkii
小さいLittleChiisai
細いThin, thin, narrowHosoi
太いCoarse (diameter)Futoi
古いOld, ancientFurui
新しいNewAtarashii
若いYoungwakai
軽いLight, insignificantKarui
重いHeavyOmoi
易しいEasyyasashii
難しいDifficultMuzukashii
柔らかいSoftyawarakai
硬い/堅いHardKatai
熱い/暑いwarmAtsui
寒い ColdSamui
冷たいIce cold Tsumetai
美味しいDeliciousOishii
美味いTasty.Umai
不味いBad (flavor)Mazui
甘いCandyLove
辛いSpicyKarai
塩辛いsaltyShiokarai
苦いBitterNigai

Japanese adjectives - feelings

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
嬉しいHappyUreshii
悲しいSadKanashii
淋しいLonelySabishii
怖いSpookyKowai
痛いPainfulItai
痒みItchingKayumi
臭いSmellyKusai
辛いHard, heartbreaking, painfulTsurai

Japanese Verbsês - to do

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
するDoSuru
やるDo, doyaru

Japanese verbs - existence

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
 いるExist [for animated objects]Iru
 あるExist [for inanimate objects]Aru
 なる“Become”, “transform”, “become”.Naru
起こる/興るTo happenOkoru
現れるAppearArawareru
生きるTo liveIkiru
生む/産むGive birth, be born, produceUmu
死ぬDieShinu
こわれる壊れるTo breakKowareru

Japanese Verbs - Movement

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
いく行くGoIku
くる来るCome overKuru
かえる帰る / 返るBack, returnKaeru
あるく歩くWalkAruku
とぶ飛ぶJump, leap, flyTobu
およぐ泳ぐSwimOyogu

Japanese Verbs - Actions

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
うごく動くTo moveUgoku
おどる踊るTo danceOdoru
ねる寝るGo to bed, sleep.Neru
うたう歌うSingUtau
かむ噛むTo biteKamu
たべる食べるEatTaberu
のむ飲むDrinkNomu
さわる触るTouchSawaru
なげる投げるPlayNageru
もつ持つ“Have”, “own”Motsu
さす刺すCrimp, threadSasu
さす差すCall, hold hands, pour Sasu
ける蹴るKick, refuseKeru
すわる座るSitSuwaru
たつ立つStand up, get upTatsu
はしる走るRunHashiru

Japanese verbs - state changes

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
要るNeed, necessityIru
乾くDry, wryKawaku
乱すLitter, clutter, disturbMidasu
乱れるClutter, get messy.Midareru
仕えるDo, work, serveTsukaeru
優れるStand out, to overcomeSugureru
覚めるWaking up, becoming sober, being disappointedSameru
倒れるFall, collapseTaoreru
固まるHarden, solidify, become firmKatamaru
埋まるTo be filled, to be surrounded, to overflowUmaru
埋もれるBurrowed, be coveredUmoreru
増すIncrease, growBut u
増えるIncrease, multiplyFueru
減るDecreaseHeru
外れるTo dodgeHazureru
太るFattenFutoru
始まるBeginHajimaru
終わるEnd; finish; complete.Owaru
決めるDecideKimeru

Japanese verbs - senses

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
見るTo seeMiru
聞く/聴くHear listenKiku
触るTouch, feelSawaru
嗅ぐto smellKagu

Japanese verbs - speeches

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
言うTellIu
話すSpeakHanasu
語るTalk, sayKataru
書くWriteKaku
読むReadyomu

Japanese Verbs - Work

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
使うUseTsukau
作るDoTsukuru
創るCreateTsukuru
造るRamp upTsukuru
直す/治すFix, repair, fix, cureNaosu
捨てるDiscard, throw awaySuteru
取る/撮る/採るTake, actToru
置くPut onOku

Japanese Verbs - Emotions

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
悲しむ/哀しむTo be sadKanashimu
泣くCryNaku
笑うLaughwarau
怒るAnger, be angry, arthriticOkoru
褒めるEncourageHomeru
喜ぶCelebrate, have joyyorokobu
慰めるComfort, provide empathyNagusameru
飽きる“Get bored”, be disinterested.Akiru
驚くBe amazed, be surprisedOdoroku

Japanese Verbs - Activities

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
会うMeetAu
開けるOpen, unwrapAkeru
遊ぶTo playAsobu
集まるGet togetherAtsumaru
売るSellUru
得るObtain [some benefit or knowledge]Ere
折るBreak, bendOru
買うPurchaseKau
切るCutKiru
着るUse [upper body]Kiru
履くUse [on lower body]Haku
変えるChangeKaeru
代えるChange, replaceKaeru
閉めるCloseShimeru
締めるTie, fastenShimeru
占めるUnderstand, handleShimeru
知るSaberShiru
疲れるSecanTsukareru
出掛けるLeave, go awayDekakeru
働くWork [for example, in a job]Hataraku
放す/離すDrop, letHanasu
休むRest, take a break, go to bedyasumu
分かれるTo be divided, to be splitwakareru
別れるParticipate, separate, break upwakareru

Japanese adverbs

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
もうAlready, enough, anotherMo
まだStillMada
ずっとAlways, veryZutto
とてもVeryTotemo
こうLike this
そうLike thisOnly
ああOh !, ah!The
しばしばOftentimesShibashiba

kosoado - demonstratives in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
このThis thisKono
そのThis / thatSleep
あの

That that

Year
どのWhich?Owner

interjections in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
はいYesHai
いいえNotIie

Japanese conjunctions

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
けどButKedo
しかしBut neverthelessShikashi
そしてAnd then ...Soshite
それにIn addition to this, moreoverSoreni
なぜならThat’s why, becauseNazenara

Verbal endings in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglish
う/ようVolitional ending [う]
せる/させるCausative form [せる] (someone makes someone do something)
れる/られるPassive termination [れる]
そうだIndicates that he looks
Informal past
たいIndication of desire to do something, I want
だろうIndicates that he looks
ない/んInformal negative
Archaic negative informal ["he has", "you did", etc.]

Particles in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
Subject marker, butGa
BarebackIn
And withTHE
Indirect object markerNi
Marker of possession, ofAt the
A, e, heAND
までUp untilMade
からFrom, untilKara
よりWhatyori
Direct object markerThe
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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
Topic markerwa
tooMo
ANDya
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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
および/及びANDOyobi
IfKa
かもIt may be, possible thatKamo
そしてAnd thereafter, Soshite
それともOrSoretomo
だのThings like, heDamage
つつCurrent occurrenceTsutsu
When, if, whatTHE
ながらWhile, however, bothNagara
ならびにAs well asNarabini
なりSeou noNari
A byNi
PossessionNot
のでLike thisNode
また/又Also, againWoods
または/又はOr, alternativelyMatawa
Also, tooMo
ANDya
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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
emphasis, equivalent to “right?”Huh
Question MarkerKa
Copula particle, used after adjectivesAt
かしらI wonderKashira
っけParticle that indicates that the speaker is trying to remember some information-kke

Adverbial particles in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
こそEmphasisKoso
さえSameLeave
しかOnlyShika
すらSameSura
くらい/ぐらいApproximately aboutKurai / Gurai
だけOnly as far asDake
だってHoweverDatte
ったらOccasional theme markerTtara / ittara
ってSaid thatTte
でもtooDemo
どころParticle used to indicate that the above is an exampleDokoro
などFor exampleSwimming
ならIf [for verbs] / subject marker [for nouns]Nara
なんかOccasional, underestimate, displeasure, lack ofNanka
なんてUnderestimate, dislike, lack ofNante
Topic markerwa
ばかり/ばっかりJust, full of, onlyBakari
までUp untilMade
A lot tooMo

Japanese people - nouns

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
人間Person, humanNingen
人類The humanityJinrui
PersonHito
ManOtoko
男の人Male personOtokonohito
男の子BoyOtokonoko
WomanOnna
女の人Female personOnnanohito
女の子GirlOnnanoko
赤ちゃんBabyAkachan
若いYoungwakai
I, myselfwatashi
I, myselfwatakushi - more formal
I, myselfBoku - used more by boys
I, myselfOre - used by men [informal]
I, myselfAtashi - delicate feminine form
少女Girl (young lady)Shoujo
少年Boy (young man)Shounen

Japanese occupations

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
医者DoctorIsha
看護師NurseKangoshi
看護婦NurseKangofu
歯科医 / 歯医者DentistShikai / ha-isha
政治家PoliticalSeijika
弁護士LawyerBengoshi
消防士FirefighterShouboushi
警察官copKeisatsukan
兵士SoldierHeishi
建築家ArchitectKenchikuka
先生TeacherSensei
教師Academic ProfessorKyoushi
歌手SingerKashu

Human body in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
FootAshi
LegAshi
HeelKakato
CinnamonSune
kneeHiza
ThighMomo
HeadAtama
FaceKao
MouthKuchi / Guchi
LipsKuchibiru
ToothThere is
NoseHana
髭– 鬚– 髯Moustache beardHige
髪の毛Hair head)Kamino ke
HeardMimi
StomachI
ArmUde
ElbowHiji
ShoulderKata
NailTsume
HandTe
手首PulseTekubi
掌– 手の平PalmTe-no-hira
Finger, toeyubi
お尻ButtocksOshiri
お腹 / 腹AbdomenO-naka
肝臓LiverKanzou
LiverKimo
筋肉MuscleKin'niku
NeckKubi
Heart [feelings, figured]Kokoro
Waist hipKoshi
心臓HeartShinzō
背中BackSenaka
BloodChi
BeefNiku
肌– 膚SkinHada
皮膚SkinHifu
BoneHone
ChestMune
風邪Cold or fluKaze
下痢DiarrheaGeri
病気DiseaseByōki

Family in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
家族FamilyKazoku
ご両親The parentsGoryoushin
子供Children childrenKodomo
Dad Chichi
お父さんFather of others Otousan
Motherhaha
お母さんMother of othersOkaasan
WifeTsuma
HusbandOtto
Older brotherAni / oni-san
Eldest sisterAne / one-san
Younger brotherOtoto
Younger sisterImoto
兄弟BrothersKyodai
姉妹SistersShimai
祖父GrandfatherSofu
祖母GrandfatherSobo
grandchildMage
伯父– 叔父UncleOji
伯母– 叔母AuntOba
従兄CousinItoko
NieceMei
NephewHi

Life in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
生物Living creaturesIkimono
化け物MonsterBakemono

Animals in Japanese

Below is a list of animals in japanese:

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
動物AnimalsDobutsu
DogInu
CatNeko
牝牛cowMeushi
PigMas a
HorseAn
SheepHitsuji
MonkeySaru
Mouse, ratNezumi
TigerLog
WolfOokami
BunnyUsagi
DragonRyu / tatsu
鹿DeerShika
frogKaeru
Frog (Japanese species)gamma
ライオンLionRaion
麒麟GiraffeKirin
ElephantZou
BirdTori
ChickenNiwatori
SparrowSuzume
CrowKarasu
eaglewashi
Hawk, hawkTaka
FishSakana
Cioba (fish)Tai
海老Shrimp, lobsterEbi
SardineIwashi
Tuna fishMaguro
prettyKatsuo
秋刀魚ChopSanma
DumbAji
Mackerel (fish)Saba
烏賊SquidIka
蛸– 章魚OctopusTako
BugMushi
蝶 / 蝶々ButterflyChō / chōchō
MothGa
蜻蛉Dragon-flyTonbo
飛蝗GrasshopperBatta
蜘蛛SpiderKumo
FireflyHotaru
蝿 / 蠅FlyHae
Mosquito, insectKa
蜚蠊CockroachGokiburi
蝸牛snailKatatsumuri
蛞蝓SlugNamekuji
蚯蚓wormMimizu
ShellfishKai
貝殻ShellKaigara
蜥蜴LizardTokage
SnakeHebi

Plants in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
植物PlantsShokubutsu
GrassKusa / shibafu
FlowerHana
SeedMi
treeKi
StemKuki
根– 根っ子RootNeou nekko
葉– 葉っぱleafHaou happa
MushroomKinoko
ChrysanthemumKiku
Cherry BlossomSakura

Japanese plantations

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
Raw riceKome
Rice in the plantation Ine
Wheat, barley, oatsMugi
野菜Vegetableyasai
果物FruitKudamono
Yam, potato, taroImo
Beans, peasMame
大根Japanese white radishDaikon
人参CarrotNinjin
リンゴAppleRingo
蜜柑TangerineMikan
バナナBananaBanana
WaitNashi
ChestnutKuri
PeachMomo
蕃茄TomatoTomato
西瓜WatermelonSuita
オレンジOrangeOrenji

Japanese food

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
食べ物FoodsTabemono
朝食BreakfastChōshoku / asagohan
昼食LunchChuushoku
夕食Dinneryuushoku
御飯Cooked rice or foodGohan
味噌MisoMiso
料理CookRyori
 サラダSaladHealed
 デザートDessertDezāto
 パンBreadPan
 サンドイッチSandwichSandoitchi
間食SnackOyatsu
アイスクリーム Ice creamAisukurīmu

Japanese drinks

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
飲み物Drink / ImbibesNomimono
お茶Green teaThe tea
コーヒーCoffeeKohi
牛乳 milkgyūnyū
ミルクMilk (box)Miruku

Spices in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
砂糖SugarSato
saltShio
醤油Soy sauceShoyu

Japanese weather

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
時間TimeJikan
HoursToki– ji
CalendarKoyomi– karenda
MinuteFun / pun
SecondByo
DayHi– nichi
MonthTsuki– gatsu
YearToshi– nen
昨日YesterdayKinou
今日TodayKyō
明日TomorrowAshita / asu / myōnichi
朝、午前MorningWing, gozen
午後EveningGogo
夕方Nightyūgata
NightBan
Night nightyoru
曜日Day ~yobi
月曜日MondayGetsu-yobi
火曜日TuesdayKa-yobi
水曜日WednesdaySui-yobi
木曜日ThursdayMoku-yobi
金曜日FridayKin-yobi
土曜日SaturdayDo-yobi
日曜日SundayNichi-yobi
WeekShū
一週間One weekIsshūkan

Japanese weather

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
太陽SunTaiyo
MoonTsuki
StarHoshi
天気TimeTenki
晴れLightcloudHare
RainAme
曇りFoggyKumori
Snowyuki
WindKaze
Thunder, lightningKaminari
台風TyphoonTaifu
StormArashi
SkySora

Japanese Directions

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
NorthKita
EastHigashi
SouthMinami
西WestNishi
 ここOn hereKoko
 そこOver thereSoko
 あそこOver thereAsoko
RightMigi
LeftHidari
Above, ifHuh
DownShita
FrontMother
BehindUshiro
向こうOn the other side, on the opposite sideMuko
斜めDiagonalNaname
手前Closer, further aheadTemae
FarOku, tooi
近いNear, nearChikai

Subjects in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
WaterMizu
hot wateryu
IceKōri
湯気Steamyuge
FireHi
 ガスGasGasu
空気Air, atmosphereKūki
Earth, soilTsuchi
金属Metal, metallicKinzoku
Mud, mud, clay, plasterDoro
Smoke, tobacco, opiumKemuri
Iron [fe]Tetsu
Gold [au]; moneyKin
Copper [cu]I give
Silver [ag]; wealthGin
Lead [bp]Namari
Salt [nacl]Shio

Japanese weights and measures

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
メートルSubwayMētoru
リットルLitersRittoru
グラムGrassGuramu
キロKilo-Kiro
ミリMiriMilim.
センチメートル- センチCentimeterSenchi
インチInchInchi

Society in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
社会SocietyShakai
経済Economy, economyKeizai
会社CompanyKaisha
会議MeetingKaigi
学校SchoolGakko
役所Local government officeyakusho
StoreMise
 ホテルHotelHoteru
工場FactoryKojo
MoneyKane
Draft lawSatsu
小銭Small changeKozeni
釣り銭 / お釣りChangeTsurisen / o-tsuri
自動販売機Vending machine, slot machineJidōhanbaiki
切符Ticket / public transportKippu
切手SealKitte

Objects made in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
TableTsukue
椅子Chair, positionIsu
A tatami matTatami
Door, familyTo
Ported panelTobira
 ドアDoorDonate
WindowMado
布団FutonFuton
玄関InputGenkan
Home, homeIe
 エレベーターElevatorErebētā
 エスカレーターEscalatorEsukarētā
電気ElectricityDenki

Japanese Tools

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
Nail peakKugi
Rope, cableHimo
Rope, ropeNawa
Pocket, purseFukuro
Leather bagKaban
Umbrella, beach umbrellaKasa
Wrench, screw, doorKagi
彫刻Sculpture, engravingChōkoku

Japanese school supplies

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
文房具Stationary storeBunbōgu
 インクInkInku
 ペンPenPen
 ボールペンBallpoint penBōrupen
万年筆fountain-penMannenhitsu
鉛筆PencilEnpitsu
Brush to write or paintFuck
 チョークChalkChoku
消しゴムRubberKeshigomu
鉛筆削りPencil sharpenerEnpitsu-kezuri
定規RulerJogi
 ノートNotebookNoto
日記diaryNikki
 カバーBook coverKaba
封筒EnvelopeFutó
ScissorsHasami
 ホッチキスStaplerHotchikisu

Japanese clothing

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
ClothesFuku
洋服Western clothingyōfuku
着物KimonoKimono
和服Japanese clothingwafuku
MangoOnly by
Lapel, collarEri
 ベルトBeltBeruto
ShoeKutsu
眼鏡glassesMegane

Japanese transport

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
鉄道RailwayTetsudo
StationEki
飛行機AirplaneHikōki
空港 / 飛行場AirportKuko / hikōjō
Arua way roadMichi
道路RoadDoro
バス停Bus-stopI based
通りAvenueTori
電車TrainDensha
CarKuruma

Japanese media

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
BookHon
PaperKami
手紙LetterTegami
新聞NewspaperShinbun
辞書DictionaryJisho

Japanese colors

Below is a list of colors in japanese:

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
ColorIr
RedAka
黄色YellowKiiro
GreenMidori
BlueTo
PurpleMurasaki / murasakiiro
WhiteShiro
blackKuro
 ピンクrosePinku
茶色BrownChairo
灰色 / 鼠色GreyHaiiro / nezumiiro
 オレンジOrangeOrenjiiro

Numbers in Japanese

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
ゼロ/零zeroZero
aIchi
TwoNi
ThreeSan
Fouryon / shi
FiveGo
SixRoku
SevenNana / shichi
EightHachi
NineKyū / ku
Ten
HundredHyaku
ThousandWithout
Ten thousandMan
One hundred millionOku
一つOne, one thingHitotsu
二つTwo, two thingsFutatsu
三つThree, three thingsMittsu
四つFour, four thingsyottsu
五つFive, five thingsItsutsu
六つSix, six thingsMuttsu
七つSeven, seven thingsNanatsu
八つEight, eight thingsyattsu
九つNine, nine thingsKokonotsu
Ten, ten things

Japanese noun decoration

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JapaneseEnglishRomanization
 これThis thisKore
 それThis, thisSore
あれ That, that thereAre
 どれCome on, whatDore
 こちら / こっちIn this - thing, person or placeKochira
 そちら / そっちIn that - thing, person or placeSochira
 あちら / あっちThat - thing, person or place thereAchira
 どちら / どっちWhat direction, thing, person, or placeDochira
自動AutomaticJido
秘密SecretHimitsu
内容ContentNaiyō
Piece, stripHaba
正式FormalitySeishiki
結婚MarriageKekkon
現在NowGenzai
NowMagnet
過去PastKako
未来FutureMirai

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