List of 1000 categorized Japanese words

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In this article we will share a list of 1000 Japanese words separated by category. You will find from verbs, adverbs, adjectives and nouns, all categorized.

Remembering that this list is just a support. Suki Desu does not recommend learning the japanese language by memorizing single words. For this reason, we recommend reading our Study Guide for Learning Japanese.

Pay close attention to the summary below, or search for the word you want to learn using your internet browser's locator (CTRL+F). If you like the list, share it and leave your comments.

Below we will also leave a video answering a question about the number of words we need to learn to be fluent in Japanese.

Japanese adjectives – forms

See below for a list of adjectives in Japanese:

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
良いGoodIi / yoi
凄いIncredibleSugoi
素晴らしいAmazingSubarashii
悪いBad, lowerwarui
高いExpensive, highTakai
低いLowhikui
安いCheapyasui
大きいGreatok
小さいSmallchiisai
細いThin, thin, narrowhosoi
太いThick(diameter)futoi
古いOld, ancientfurui
新しいYoungatarashii
若いYoungwakai
軽いLight, insignificantkarui
重いHeavyomoi
易しいEasyyasashii
難しいDifficultmuzukashii
柔らかいSoftyawarakai
硬い/堅いHardkatai
熱い/暑いWarmassui
寒い ColdSamui
冷たいIce cold Tsumetai
美味しいDeliciousoishii
美味いTasty.Umai
不味いBad (flavor)Mazui
甘いSweetlove
辛いSpicyKarai
塩辛いSaltyShiokarai
苦いBitterNigai

Japanese adjectives – feelings

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
嬉しいHappyureshii
悲しいSadKanashii
淋しいLonelysabishii
怖いSpookykowai
痛いPainfulItai
痒みItchkaumi
臭いsmellykusai
辛いHard, heartbreaking, painfulTsurai

Japanese Verbsê - do

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
するTo doSuru
やるDo, doyaru

Japanese verbs – existence

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
 いるExist[for animated objects]iru
 あるExist[for inanimate objects]aru
 なる“Become”, “transform”, “become”.naru
起こる/興るHappenokuru
現れるAppearArawareru
生きるTo liveIkiru
生む/産むGive birth, be born, produceUmu
死ぬTo dieShinu
こわれる壊れるBreakKowareru

Japanese verbs – movement

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
いく行くGoiku
くる来るCome overKuru
かえる帰る / 返るBack, returnKaeru
あるく歩くWalkaruku
とぶ飛ぶJump, leap, flytobu
およぐ泳ぐSwimOyogu

Japanese verbs – actions

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
うごく動くTo moveugoku
おどる踊るTo danceodoru
ねる寝るGo to bed, sleep.neru
うたう歌うSingutau
かむ噛むTo biteKamu
たべる食べるEattaberu
のむ飲むTo drinkname
さわる触るTouchSawaru
なげる投げるPlaynageru
もつ持つ“Have”, “own”motsu
さす刺すCrimp, threadSasuke
さす差すCall, hold hands, pour Sasuke
ける蹴るKick, refuseKeru
すわる座るSitSuwaru
たつ立つStand up, get upTatsu
はしる走るRunHashiru

Japanese verbs – state changes

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
要るNeed, necessityiru
乾くDry, wryKawaku
乱すLitter, clutter, disturbMidasu
乱れるClutter, get messy.midareru
仕えるDo, work, serveTsukaeru
優れるStand out, to overcomesugureru
覚めるWaking up, becoming sober, being disappointedSameru
倒れるFall, collapseTaoreru
固まるHarden, solidify, become firmKatamaru
埋まるTo be filled, to be surrounded, to overflowUmaru
埋もれるBurrowed, be coveredumoreru
増すIncrease, growBut u
増えるIncrease, multiplyfueru
減るDecreaseHeru
外れるTo dodgeHazureru
太るFattenfutoru
始まるTo startHajimaru
終わるEnd; finish; complete.Owaru
決めるDecideKimeru

Japanese verbs – meanings

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
見るTo seeMiru
聞く/聴くHear listenKiku
触るTouch, feelSawaru
嗅ぐto smellKagu

Japanese verbs – speeches

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
言うTo sayiu
話すSpeakHanasu
語るTalk, sayKataru
書くTo writeKaku
読むTo readyomu

Japanese verbs – work

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
使うTo useTsukau
作るTo doTsukuru
創るCreateTsukuru
造るRamp upTsukuru
直す/治すFix, repair, fix, curenaosu
捨てるDiscard, throw awaySuteru
取る/撮る/採るTake, acttoru
置くPut onok

Japanese verbs – emotions

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
悲しむ/哀しむTo be sadKanashimu
泣くTo crynaku
笑うLaughwarau
怒るAnger, be angry, arthriticokuru
褒めるTo encourageHomeru
喜ぶCelebrate, have joyyorokobu
慰めるComfort, provide empathynagusameru
飽きる“Get bored”, be disinterested.akiru
驚くBe amazed, be surprisedodoroku

Japanese verbs – activities

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
会うMeetoh
開けるOpen, unwrapakeru
遊ぶTo playAsobu
集まるGet togetheratsumaru
売るSelluru
得るObtain [some benefit or knowledge]Ere
折るBreak, bendoru
買うPurchaseKau
切るCutKiru
着るWear[on the upper body]Kiru
履くWear[on the lower body]Haku
変えるChangeKaeru
代えるChange, replaceKaeru
閉めるCloseShimeru
締めるTie, fastenShimeru
占めるUnderstand, handleShimeru
知るSaberShiru
疲れるdry upTsukareru
出掛けるLeave, go awaydekakeru
働くWork [for example, in a job]Hataraku
放す/離すDrop, letHanasu
休むRest, take a break, go to bedyasumu
分かれるTo be divided, to be splitwakareru
別れるParticipate, separate, break upwakareru

adverbs in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
もうAlready, enough, anotherMo
まだStilllady
ずっとAlways, veryZutto
とてもMuchtotem
こうLike thisKo
そうSoOnly
ああOh !, ah!The
しばしばOftentimesShibashiba

kosoado – Japanese demonstratives

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
このThis thisKono
そのthis/thatSleep
あの

That that

Year
どのWhich one?Owner

interjections in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
はいYeathere
いいえNoIie

Conjunctions in Japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
けどButKedo
しかしBut neverthelessShikashi
そしてAnd then ...soshite
それにIn addition to this, moreoverSoreni
なぜならThat’s why, becausenazenara

Japanese verb endings

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JapanesePortuguese
う/ようVolitional ending [う]
せる/させるCausative form[せる](someone makes someone do something)
れる/られるPassive Termination [れる]
そうだIndicates that he looks
Informal past
たいIndication of desire to do something, I want
だろうIndicates that he looks
ない/んInformal negative
Negative informal archaic [“he has”, “you did”, etc.]

particles in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Subject marker, butGa
BarebackIn
And withTHE
Indirect object markerNi
Marker of possession, ofAt the
A, e, heAND
までUp untilMade
からFrom, untilKara
よりWhatyori
Direct object markerThe
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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Topic markerwow
AlsoMo
ANDyes
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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
および/及びANDoyobi
ifKa
かもIt may be, possible thatKamo
そしてAnd thereafter, soshite
それともOrSoretome
だのThings like, heDamage
つつCurrent occurrencetsutsu
When, if, whatTHE
ながらWhile, however, bothnagara
ならびにAs well asnarabini
なりSeou nonari
A byNi
PossessionNo
のでSonode
また/又Also, againWoods
または/又はOr, alternativelyMatawa
Also, tooMo
ANDyes
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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
emphasis, equivalent to “right?”Huh
Question MarkerKa
Copula particle, used after adjectivesAt
かしらI wonderkashira
っけParticle that indicates that the speaker is trying to remember some information-kke

adverbial particles in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
こそEmphasisKoso
さえSameleave
しかOnlyShika
すらSamesurah
くらい/ぐらいApproximately aboutKurai / Gurai
だけOnly as far asdake
だってHoweverdate
ったらOccasional theme markerTtara / ittara
ってSaid thatTte
でもAlsodemo
どころParticle used to indicate that the above is an exampledokoro
などFor exampleswimming
ならIf[for verbs] / subject marker [for nouns]nara
なんかOccasional, underestimate, displeasure, lack ofnank
なんてUnderestimate, dislike, lack ofnante
Topic markerwow
ばかり/ばっかりJust, full of, onlybakari
までUp untilMade
A lot tooMo

People in Japanese – nouns

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
人間Person, humannobody
人類The humanityJinrui
Personhit
Manotoko
男の人Male personotokonohito
男の子Boyotokonoko
Womenonna
女の人Female persononnanohito
女の子Girlonnanoko
赤ちゃんBabyakachan
若いYoungwakai
I, myselfwatashi
I, myselfwatakushi – more formal
I, myselfBoku – mostly used by boys
I, myselfPray – used by men [informal]
I, myselfAtashi – delicate female form
少女girl (young girl)shoujo
少年boy (young)Shounen

occupations in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
医者Doctorisha
看護師NurseKangoshi
看護婦NurseKangofu
歯科医 / 歯医者DentistShikai / ha-isha
政治家Politicalseijika
弁護士Attorneybengoshi
消防士FirefighterShoboushi
警察官copKeisatsukan
兵士Soldierheishi
建築家Architectkenchikuka
先生TeacherSensei
教師Academic Professorkyoushi
歌手SingerKashu

human body in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Footashi
Legashi
To heelKakato
Lower legSun
Kneehiza
Thighmomo
Headatama
Facekao
MouthKuchi / Guchi
Lipskuchibiru
ToothThere is
NoseHana
髭– 鬚– 髯Moustache beardhige
髪の毛Hair head)Kamino ke
Earmimi
StomachI
ArmUde
Elbowhiji
ShoulderKata
NailTsume
HandTe
手首Pulsetekubi
掌– 手の平Palmte-no-hira
Finger, toeyubi
お尻ButtocksOshiri
お腹 / 腹AbdomenO-naka
肝臓LiverKanzou
Liverkimo
筋肉Musclekin'niku
NeckKubi
Heart[feelings, figurative]Kokoro
Waist hipkoshi
心臓HeartShinzo
背中BackSenaka
Bloodchi
MeatNiku
肌– 膚SkinHada
皮膚Skinhifu
Bonehone
Chestmune
風邪Cold or fluKaze
下痢DiarrheaGeri
病気IllnessByōki

family in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
家族FamilyKazoku
ご両親The parentsGoryoushin
子供Children childrenKodomo
Dad pee
お父さんFather of others otousan
Motherhaha
お母さんMother of othersokasan
WifeTsuma
HusbandOtto
Older brotherAni / oni-san
Eldest sisterAne / one-san
Younger brotherottoto
Younger sisterImoto
兄弟Brotherskyodai
姉妹sistersShimai
祖父GrandmotherSofu
祖母Grandmothersobo
GrandchildMage
伯父– 叔父Uncleoji
伯母– 叔母Auntyay
従兄CousinItoko
NieceMei
NephewHey

life in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
生物Living creatureskimono
化け物Monsterbakemono

animals in japanese

Below we have a list of animals in japanese:

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
動物Animalsdobutsu
Doginu
Catneko
牝牛cowMeushi
PigMas a
HorseOne
sheepHitsuji
MonkeySaru
Mouse, ratnezumi
TigerLog
WolfOokami
RabbitUsagi
DragonRyu / tatsu
鹿deerShika
frogKaeru
Frog (Japanese species)gamma
ライオンLionRayon
麒麟GiraffeKirin
ElephantZou
Birdtori
ChickenNiwatori
Sparrowsuzume
CrowKarasu
eaglewashi
HawkTaka
Fishsakana
Red snapper (fish)Tai
海老Shrimp, lobsterebi
SardineIwashi
TunaMaguro
Beautifulkatsuo
秋刀魚peakSanma
Dumbaji
Mackerel (fish)Saba
烏賊LulaIka
蛸– 章魚Octopustako
Insectmushi
蝶 / 蝶々ButterflyChō / chōchō
MothGa
蜻蛉Dragon-flytonbo
飛蝗Locustbatta
蜘蛛SpiderKumo
Fireflyhotaru
蝿 / 蠅FlyHae
Mosquito, insectKa
蜚蠊Cockroachgokiburi
蝸牛snailKatatsumuri
蛞蝓Slugnamekuji
蚯蚓Wormmimizu
ShellfishKai
貝殻Shellkaigara
蜥蜴LizardTokage
Snakehebi

plants in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
植物plantsShokubutsu
GramKusa / shibafu
FlowerHana
SeedMi
treeKi
Stemkuki
根– 根っ子SourceNeou nekko
葉– 葉っぱSheetHaou happa
Mushroomkinoko
ChrysanthemumKiku
Cherry BlossomSakura

plantations in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Raw ricekome
Rice in the plantation Ine
Wheat, barley, oatsmugi
野菜Vegetableyasai
果物Fruitkudamono
Yam, potato, taroimo
Beans, peasmom
大根Japanese white radishdaikon
人参Carrotninja
リンゴLitterringo
蜜柑TangerineMikan
バナナbanana treeBanana
Pearnashi
ChestnutKuri
Peachmomo
蕃茄Tomatotomato
西瓜Watermelonsuite
オレンジOrangeOrenji

food in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
食べ物Foodstabemono
朝食BreakfastChōshoku / asagohan
昼食LunchChuushoku
夕食Dinneryuushoku
御飯Cooked rice or foodGohan
味噌misomiso
料理CookRyori
 サラダSaladHealed
 デザートDessertDezato
 パンBreadpan
 サンドイッチSandwichSandoitchi
間食Lunchoyatsu
アイスクリーム Ice creamAisukurimu

Japanese drinks

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
飲み物Drink / Imbibesname
お茶Green teaThe tea
コーヒーCoffeeKohi
牛乳 milkgyūnyū
ミルクmilk(box)miruku

seasonings in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
砂糖SugarSato
saltShio
醤油Soy sauceShoyu

weather in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
時間TimeJikan
hoursToki-ji
CalendarKoyomi – karenda
MinuteFun / pun
SecondByo
DayHi-nichi
Monthtsuki-gatsu
YearToshi- baby
昨日Yesterdaykinou
今日TodayKyo
明日TomorrowAshita / asu / myōnichi
朝、午前MorningWing, gozen
午後Afternoongogo
夕方Nightyūgata
Nightban
Night nightyoru
曜日day~yobi
月曜日MondayGetsu-yobi
火曜日Tuesdayka-yobi
水曜日WednesdaySui-yobi
木曜日Thursdaymoku-yobi
金曜日Fridaykin-yobi
土曜日Saturdaydo-yobi
日曜日SundayNichi-yobi
WeekShu
一週間One weekisshūkan

Japanese weather

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
太陽Suntaiyo
Moontsuki
StarHoshi
天気Timetenki
晴れclear timehare
RainAme
曇りFoggykumori
Snowyuki
WindKaze
Thunder, lightningKaminari
台風TyphoonTaifu
StormArashi
SkySora

directions in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Northkita
EastHigashi
SouthMinami
西WestNishi
 ここHereKoko
 そこThereSoko
 あそこThereAsoko
Rightmigi
LeftHidari
Above, ifHuh
DownShita
FrontMother
BackUshiro
向こうOn the other side, on the opposite sidemuko
斜めDiagonalnaname
手前Closer, further aheadtheme
Far awayOku, tooi
近いNear, close, nextchikai

Materials in Japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Watermizu
hot wateryu
Icekori
湯気Steamyuge
Firehi
 ガスGasgasu
空気Air, atmosphereKūki
Earth, soilTsuchi
金属Metal, metallickinzoku
Mud, clay, plasterDoro
Smoke, tobacco, opiumkemuri
iron[fa]tetsu
Gold[au]; moneykin
copper[ass]I give
Silver[ag]; wealthGin
lead[pb]namari
salt[nacl]Shio

Japanese weights and measures

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
メートルSubwayMetoru
リットルlitersrittoru
グラムGramGuramu
キロKilo-Kiro
ミリMirimillim.
センチメートル- センチCentimeterSenchi
インチInchinchi

society in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
社会SocietyShakai
経済EconomyKeizai
会社CompanyKaisha
会議MeetingKaigi
学校Schoolgakko
役所Local government officeyakusho
Storemise
 ホテルHotelhotel
工場FactoryKojo
MoneyKane
Draft lawsatsu
小銭small changeKozeni
釣り銭 / お釣りChangeTsurisen / o-tsuri
自動販売機Vending machine, slot machineJidōhanbaiki
切符Ticket / public transportkippu
切手Stampkitte

Objects made in Japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
TableTsukue
椅子Chair, positionisu
A tatami mattatami
Door, familyto
Ported paneltobira
 ドアDoorDonate
WindowMado
布団futonfuton
玄関ProhibitedGenkan
Homeie
 エレベーターElevatorErebeta
 エスカレーターEscalatorEsukarētā
電気ElectricityDenki

Japanese tools

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Nail peakKugi
Rope, cableHimo
Ropenawa
Pocket, pursefukuro
Leather bagKaban
Umbrella, beach umbrellahouse
Wrench, screw, doorKagi
彫刻Sculpture, engravingchokoku

Japanese school supplies

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
文房具Stationary storeBunbōgu
 インクInkinku
 ペンPenPen
 ボールペンBallpoint penBorupen
万年筆fountain-penMannenhitsu
鉛筆Pencilenpitsu
Brush to write or paintfuck
 チョークChalkchoku
消しゴムRubberKeshigomu
鉛筆削りPencil sharpenerEnpitsu-kezuri
定規Scalegame
 ノートnotebookI notice
日記DailyNikki
 カバーBook coverKaba
封筒Envelopefutó
ScissorsHasami
 ホッチキスStaplerhotchikisu

clothes in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Clothesfuku
洋服Western clothingyōfuku
着物Kimonokimono
和服Japanese clothingwafuku
MangaOnly by
Lapel, collareri
 ベルトBeltBeruto
ShoeKutsu
眼鏡glassesMegane

transport in japanese

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
鉄道railwaytetsudo
Seasoneki
飛行機Planehikoki
空港 / 飛行場AirportKuko / hikōjō
Arua way roadmichi
道路RoadDoro
バス停bus stopbasutei
通りAvenuetori
電車TrainDensha
CarKuruma

Japanese media

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
BookHon
PaperKami
手紙Lettertegami
新聞NewspaperShinbun
辞書DictionaryJisho

colors in japanese

Below we have a list of colors in japanese:

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
Colorgo
Redaka
黄色Yellowkiiro
Greenmidori
BlueTo
PurpleMurasaki / murasakiiro
WhiteShiro
BlackKuro
 ピンクpinkpinku
茶色Brownchairo
灰色 / 鼠色GreyHaiiro / nezumiiro
 オレンジOrangeOrenjiiro

Japanese numbers

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
ゼロ/零zeroZero
OneIchi
TwoNi
ThreeSan
Fouryon / shi
Fivego
Sixrock
SevenNana / shichi
EightHachi
NineKyū / ku
Ten
Hundredhyaku
ThousandWithout
Ten thousandman
One hundred millionok
一つOne, one thingHitotsu
二つTwo, two thingsfutatsu
三つThree, three thingsMittsu
四つFour, four thingsyottsu
五つFive, five thingsItsutsu
六つSix, six thingsMuttsu
七つSeven, seven thingsnanatsu
八つEight, eight thingsyatsu
九つNine, nine thingsKokonotsu
Ten, ten thingsI'm

Japanese noun decoration

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JapanesePortugueseRomanization
 これThis thiskore
 それThis, thissore
あれ That, that thereAre
 どれCome on, whatdore
 こちら/こっちIn this – thing, person or placeKochira
 そちら/そっちIn this – thing, person or placeSochira
 あちら/あっちThat – thing, person or place thereachira
 どちら/どっちWhat direction, thing, person, or placedochira
自動automaticjido
秘密SecretHimitsu
内容Contentsnaiyo
Piece, stripHaba
正式FormalitySeishiki
結婚Weddingkekkon
現在NowGenzai
NowMagnet
過去PastKako
未来FutureMirai

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