Do you know the martial arts of Japan? In this article we will see the most popular Japanese martial arts that has a long history and extends for hundreds of years throughout Japan.
Historically, Japanese martial arts have been used as a means of defense and attack in war. However, in modern times, they are practiced for their educational, cultural, physical, moral, aesthetic and spiritual value.
Most Japanese martial arts are seen as a sport, with an emphasis on disciplining the mind. As this article is a bit big, let’s leave an index to facilitate your navigation below:
BUDO AND BUJUTSU – THE MARTIAL ARTS OF JAPAN
Most Japanese martial arts are named according to the weapon or skill applied in the fight. They are usually named ending [道] with what means path or jutsu [術] meaning art, technique, tricks and method.
The artworks ending in [道] are categorized and called budou [武道] which literally means martial path that also has its origins of war as well as the word “martial art”. Although we mention the correct romanization is dou [どう].
Martial arts finished in jutsu [術] are categorized and called bujutsu [武術] which literally means science of war, craft or martial art. Both buddha and bujutsu words are used to refer to martial arts.
The difference is that bujutsu focuses on the physical part of the fight, how to defeat the enemy, while budou focuses on the mind and how to develop it. Sometimes a simple technique for defeating an enemy can take the name jutsu, but it does not literally mean a martial art full of its own techniques and rules.
Some Japanese martial arts also end with ryuu [流] meaning path, style, manner, fashion and class.
Judo [柔道] – The path of softness
Its main objectives are to strengthen the physical, mind and spirit in an integrated way, in addition to developing techniques of personal defense. His technique basically uses the strength and balance of the opponent against him.
This body struggle system is a modality of the old jiu-jitsu, its meaning is the path of softness, because its goal is to use the strength and balance of the opponent against himself.
Kendo or KENJUTSU [剣道]- The Path of the Sword
Kendo is based on Japanese fencing techniques and uses a bamboo sword with protective armor. Kendo uniforms are almost always black and his techniques involve screaming to show off his martial spirit.
It is among the most common martial arts offered in public schools in Japan. An estimated 1.66 million people in Japan have some level in Kendo. It is considered very cultural value, and is strongly based on Samurai traditions. Kenjutsu can be considered another name meaning sword art.
Iaid[居合道]ô – Martial sword art
It is the Japanese martial art of the sword’s heave. It consists of sets of katas, techniques or movements that allow the practitioner to react appropriately to certain situations. It can also be known as iaijutsu and battōjutsu.
Kyudo [弓道]- The path of the bow
Kyudo is the Japanese art of archery that uses extremely long arches with an asymmetric shape. This is one of the oldest Japanese martial arts and is over 2000 years old.
Its arc is extremely powerful is a little difficult to deal with. As a result, it is considered a sport that requires strength and maturity and is not taught to under-15s in Japan.
Yabusame [流鏑馬] – Target shot on horse
Yabusame is also the art of target shooting, however, mounted on a horse. It’s similar to kyudo, but it’s much harder to learn. There are only a few academies that teach you that.
Acceptance of a student is considered an honor. If you want to learn Yabusame, it’s best to learn Kyudo first. Yabusame involves riding on a galloping horse without his hands.
Aikido [合気道] – The path of harmony
Aikido is an art with the aim of defending itself from the opponent attack. Aikido is exercised by combining attacking movements, redirecting opposing force, rather than fighting it directly.
Karate(do) [空手道] – The art of empty hands
Karate is a martial art of the islands of Okinawa that is focused on attacks with hands and feet. It became a pop culture phenomenon in the early 1950s with Japanese karate films, not to mention the great demand for American films.
This led to demand for classes on a global basis. Current estimates of the number of Karate practitioners exceeds 50 million people worldwide.
Sumo [相撲] – The art of pushing
Sumo is a total contact fighting sport that is also considered a modern martial art. It originated with rituals and dances in shinto shrines and many of its traditions still show these origins.
Fighters perform a variety of ceremonies when they enter the ring as they purify the saltring that are directly related to Shinto.
Professional sumo wrestlers are required to live a traditional lifestyle and train together in facilities known as sumo stables.
Ninjutsu [忍術] – Ninja Martial Art
It is a Japanese martial art that emerged from the need for the use of spies (Ninja) during the medieval Japanese period (6th century). It consisted of a set of techniques that empowered agents to act in all situations on a battlefield.
Koryu [古流]- Japanese Martial Arts of the Edo era
Koryu is a broad category of Japanese martial arts of the Edo era. Martial arts went into a serious decline in Japan after the Samurai were dismantled.
At the time, martial arts were seen as relics of the past that were useless against Western military techniques. In fact, many of Japan’s ancient martial arts have been focused on feudal warfare and are very different from the martial arts found today.
Other martial arts of jApÃO
There are thousands of other Japanese martial arts, let’s mention a little about these unknown martial arts and then finish the article sharing a list of Japanese martial arts. If you like it, share it!
Bujutsu is a martial art made by farmers and used by samurai that involves using agricultural materials to defend themselves. Sojutsu focuses on the Japanese yari spear. Kobudo are Japanese arts of samurai origin.
Bajutsu is an equestrian martial art involving horse fighting skills and techniques. Bojutsu, Jodo and Jojutsu are techniques focused on battling using a clothesline called jo.
There is also a Japanese art called hakkoryu that focuses on immobilizing people using a rope or cable. The famous Jiu-jitsu is known in Japanese as Jujutsu. Kenpo is the Japanese name used to refer to Kung Fu.
List of JAPANESE martial arts
Below is a video showing the main Japanese martial arts:
- Aikido [合気道];
- Aikido [合気道/合氣道];
- Araki-ryū [荒木流];
- Bajutsu [馬術];
- Battōjutsu [抜刀術];
- Bujinkan [武神館];
- Bōjutsu [棒術];
- Chitō-ryū [千唐流];
- Daito-ryu aiki-jujutsu [大東流];
- Genbukan, New District
- Genseiryū [玄制流];
- Goshin Jujitsu [護身柔術];
- Gōjū-ryū [剛柔流];
- Hakkō-ryū [八光流];
- Hojōjutsu [捕縄術];
- Hōjutsu [砲術];
- Iaido[居合道] or Iaijutsu [居合術];
- Jinenkan District
- Jodo or Jojutsu [杖道/杖術];
- Judo [柔道];
- Jujutsu [柔術];
- Juttejutsu [十手術];
- Jōdō [杖道];
- Jūkendō [銃剣道];
- Karate[空手] ; – Empty-handed art
- Kempo [拳法];
- Kempo or Kenpo [拳法];
- Kendo [剣道];
- Kenjutsu [剣術];
- Kenpo [拳法];
- Kenpo kai [拳法會];
- Kosho Shorei Ryū Kempo
- Kusarigamajutsu [鎖鎌術];
- Kyudo[弓道] or Kyūjutsu [弓術];
- Kūdō [空道];
- Maniwa Nen-ryū [馬庭念流];
- Naginata-do[薙刀道] or Naginatajutsu [薙刀術];
- Nakamura Ryu
- Nanbudo District
- Ninjutsu [忍術];
- Ninpo [忍法];
- Okinawan kobudō [沖縄古武道];
- Seishinkai, New Jersey
- Shidokan, North District
- Shindo Yoshin Ryu
- Shindō jinen-ryū [神道自然流];
- Shinkendo, North.S.
- Shintaido [新体道];
- Shitō-ryū [糸東流];
- Shooto [修斗];
- Kempo Shorinji [少林寺拳法];
- Shukokai, New District
- Shurikenjutsu District
- Shōrin-ryū [少林流];
- Shōrinji Kempō [少林寺拳法];
- Shōtōkan-ryū [松濤館流];
- Shūdōkan District
- Shūkōkai District
- Sojutsu District
- Suijutsu [水術];
- Juice[相撲] ;
- Sōjutsu [槍術];
- Sōsuishi-ryū [双水執流];
- Taido [躰道];
- Taijutsu [体術];
- Takeda Ryu Nakamura Ha
- Takenouchi-ryū [竹内流];
- Tantojutsu [短刀術];
- Tegumi [手組];
- Tessenjutsu [鉄扇術];
- Uechi-ryū [上地流];
- Wado-ryū [和道流];
- Yabusame [流鏑馬];
- Yagyu Shingan-ryu
- Yagyū Shingan-ryū [柳生心眼流];
- Yoseikan-ryū [養正館流];
Let’s finish leaving a video showing some Japanese martial arts: